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Luke 19:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he ran on before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was to pass that [way].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So he ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree in order to see Him, for He was about to pass through that way.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he ran before, and climbed up upon a sycamore-tree to see him; for he was to pass that [way].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And running on before, he got up into a sycamore that he might see him, for he was going to pass that [way].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, running forward unto the front, he got up a sycamore-tree, that he might see him; for, by that way, was he about to pass.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having run forward before, he went up on a sycamore, that he may see him, because through that [way] he was about to pass by.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And running before, he climbed up into a sycamore tree, that he might see him: for he was to pass that way.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he ranne before, and climed vp into a sycomore tree to see him, for he was to passe that way.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he ran before Jeshu, and ascended a wild fig-tree to see him, because so he was about to pass.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he ran forward of Jesus, and climbed a wild fig-tree, in order to see him; for he was to pass that way.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he ran 4390
{4390} Prime
From G4253 and G5143 (including its alternate); to run forward, that is, outstrip, precede.
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
before, 1715
{1715} Prime
From G1722 and G4314; in front of (in place [literally or figuratively] or time).
and climbed up 305
{0305} Prime
From G0303 and the base of G0939; to go up (literally or figuratively).
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
into 1909
{1909} Prime
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
a sycomore tree 4809
{4809} Prime
From G4810 and μόρον [[moron]] (the mulberry); the 'sycamore' or fig tree.
to 2443
{2443} Prime
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
see 1492
{1492} Prime
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
him: 846
{0846} Prime
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he was 3195
{3195} Prime
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
to pass 1330
{1330} Prime
From G1223 and G2064; to traverse (literally).
<5738> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 109
[1223] Standard
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
that 1565
{1565} Prime
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 19:2-4.

Luke 19:4

_ _ sycamore — the Egyptian fig, with leaves like the mulberry.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 19:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 19:4

And running before — With great earnestness. He climbed up — Notwithstanding his quality: desire conquering honour and shame.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Luke 5:19 And when they could not find by what [way] they might bring him in because of the multitude, they went upon the housetop, and let him down through the tiling with [his] couch into the midst before Jesus.

a sycamore:

1 Kings 10:27 And the king made silver [to be] in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he [to be] as the sycomore trees that [are] in the vale, for abundance.
1 Chronicles 27:28 And over the olive trees and the sycomore trees that [were] in the low plains [was] Baalhanan the Gederite: and over the cellars of oil [was] Joash:
Isaiah 9:10 The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycomores are cut down, but we will change [them into] cedars.
Amos 7:14 Then answered Amos, and said to Amaziah, I [was] no prophet, neither [was] I a prophet's son; but I [was] an herdman, and a gatherer of sycomore fruit:
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1K 10:27. 1Ch 27:28. Is 9:10. Am 7:14. Lk 5:19.

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