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Luke 18:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And shall not God avenge his elect, that cry to him day and night, and [yet] he is longsuffering over them?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— now, will not God bring about justice for His elect who cry to Him day and night, and will He delay long over them?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And will not God avenge his own elect, who cry day and night to him, though he beareth long with them?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And shall not God at all avenge his elect, who cry to him day and night, and he bears long as to them?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And shall, God, in any wise not execute the vindication of his chosen ones, who are crying out to him day and night, although he beareth long with regard to them?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and shall not God execute the justice to His choice ones, who are crying unto Him day and night—bearing long in regard to them?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And will not God revenge his elect who cry to him day and night? And will he have patience in their regard?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And shall not God auenge his owne elect, which crie day and night vnto him, thogh he beare long with them?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But shall not Aloha do vengeance for his chosen, who cry to him by day and by night, and prolong his spirit towards them?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And will not God, much more, vindicate his chosen, who call upon him by day and by night; and have patience with them?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
shall y1557
[1557] Standard
ἐκδίκησις
ekdikesis
{ek-dik'-ay-sis}
From G1556; vindication, retribution.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3364
{3364} Prime
οὐ με
ou me
{oo may}
That is, G3756 and G3361; a double negative strengthening the denial; not at all.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
avenge 1557
{1557} Prime
ἐκδίκησις
ekdikesis
{ek-dik'-ay-sis}
From G1556; vindication, retribution.
x4160
(4160) Complement
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
his own y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
elect, 1588
{1588} Prime
ἐκλεκτός
eklektos
{ek-lek-tos'}
From G1586; select; by implication favorite.
y4160
[4160] Standard
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
cry 994
{0994} Prime
βοάω
boao
{bo-ah'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of a primary verb; to halloo, that is, shout (for help or in a tumultuous way).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
day 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
night 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
though 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he bear long 3114
{3114} Prime
μακροθυμέω
makrothumeo
{mak-roth-oo-meh'-o}
From the same as G3116; to be long spirited, that is, (objectively) forbearing or (subjectively) patient.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
with 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
them? 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 18:6-8.


Luke 18:7

_ _ shall not God — not unjust, but the infinitely righteous Judge.

_ _ avenge — redeem from oppression.

_ _ his own elect — not like this widow, the object of indifference and contempt, but dear to Him as the apple of the eye (Zechariah 2:8).

_ _ cry day and night — whose every cry enters into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth (James 5:4), and how much more their incessant and persevering cries!

_ _ bear long with them — rather, “in their case,” or “on their account” (as) James 5:7, “for it”), [Grotius, Deuteronomy Wette, etc.].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 18:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 18:7

And shall not God — The most just Judge, vindicate his own elect — Preserve the Christians from all their adversaries, and in particular save them out of the general destruction, and avenge them of the Jews? Though he bear long with them — Though he does not immediately put an end, either to the wrongs of the wicked, or the sufferings of good men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 18:7

And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though (d) he bear long with them?

(d) Though he seems slow in avenging the harm done to his own.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall:

Luke 11:13 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall [your] heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?
Matthew 7:11 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?

avenge:

1 Samuel 24:12-15 The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee: but mine hand shall not be upon thee. ... The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
1 Samuel 26:10-11 David said furthermore, [As] the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish. ... The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the spear that [is] at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go.
Psalms 9:8 And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.
Psalms 10:15-18 Break thou the arm of the wicked and the evil [man]: seek out his wickedness [till] thou find none. ... To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.
Psalms 54:1-7 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David, when the Ziphims came and said to Saul, Doth not David hide himself with us?]] Save me, O God, by thy name, and judge me by thy strength. ... For he hath delivered me out of all trouble: and mine eye hath seen [his desire] upon mine enemies.
Jeremiah 20:11-13 But the LORD [is] with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail: they shall be greatly ashamed; for they shall not prosper: [their] everlasting confusion shall never be forgotten. ... Sing unto the LORD, praise ye the LORD: for he hath delivered the soul of the poor from the hand of evildoers.
2 Thessalonians 1:6 Seeing [it is] a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;
Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, [thou] heaven, and [ye] holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.

which:

Luke 2:37 And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
Psalms 88:1 [[A Song [or] Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite.]] O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day [and] night before thee:
1 Thessalonians 3:10 Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith?
1 Timothy 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
2 Timothy 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve from [my] forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;
Revelation 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

though:

Psalms 13:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] How long wilt thou forget me, O LORD? for ever? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me? ... How long shall I take counsel in my soul, [having] sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?
Habakkuk 2:3 For the vision [is] yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry.
Hebrews 10:35-37 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward. ... For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 24:12; 26:10. Ps 9:8; 10:15; 13:1; 54:1; 88:1. Jr 20:11. Hab 2:3. Mt 7:11. Lk 2:37; 11:13. 1Th 3:10. 2Th 1:6. 1Ti 5:5. 2Ti 1:3. He 10:35. Rv 6:10; 7:15; 18:20.

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