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Luke 16:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends by means of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when it shall fail, they may receive you into the eternal tabernacles.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And I say to you, make friends for yourselves by means of the wealth of unrighteousness, so that when it fails, they will receive you into the eternal dwellings.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I say to you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And *I* say to you, Make to yourselves friends with the mammon of unrighteousness, that when it fails ye may be received into the eternal tabernacles.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, I, unto you, say—For yourselves, make ye friends, with the unjust Riches, in order that, as soon as it shall fail, they may welcome you into the age-abiding tents.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and I say to you, Make to yourselves friends out of the mammon of unrighteousness, that when ye may fail, they may receive you to the age-during tabernacles.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I say to you: Make unto you friends of the mammon of iniquity: that when you shall fail, they may receive you into everlasting dwellings.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I say vnto you, Make to your selues friends of the Mammon of vnrighteousnesse, that when ye faile, they may receiue you into euerlasting habitations.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Also I say unto you, Make to you friends from this wealth of unrighteousness, that, when perfect, they may receive you into the tabernacles of eternity.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And I also say to you: Make to yourselves friends, with this unrighteous mammon; so that when it is finished, they may receive you to their everlasting tabernacles.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I 2504
{2504} Prime
κἀγώ
kago
{kag-o'}
So also the dative (second form) and accusative (third form); from G2532 and G1473; and (or also, even, etc.) I, (to) me.
say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
Make 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
to yourselves 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
friends 5384
{5384} Prime
φίλος
philos
{fee'-los}
Properly dear, that is, a friend; actively fond, that is, friendly (still as a noun, an associate, neighbor, etc.).
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
mammon 3126
{3126} Prime
μα[μ]μωνᾶς
mammonas
{mam-mo-nas'}
Of Chaldee origin (confidence, that is, figuratively wealth, personified); mammonas, that is, avarice (deified).
of unrighteousness; 93
{0093} Prime
ἀδικία
adikia
{ad-ee-kee'-ah}
From G0094; (legal) injustice (properly the quality, by implication the act); moral wrongfulness (of charater, life or act).
that, 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
when 3752
{3752} Prime
ὅταν
hotan
{hot'-an}
From G3753 and G0302; whenever (implying hypothesis or more or less uncertainty); also causative (conjugationally) inasmuch as.
ye fail, 1587
{1587} Prime
ἐκλείπω
ekleipo
{ek-li'-po}
From G1537 and G3007; to omit, that is, (by implication) cease (die).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
they may receive 1209
{1209} Prime
δέχομαι
dechomai
{dekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to receive (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z5667
<5667> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 55
you 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
everlasting 166
{0166} Prime
αἰώνιος
aionios
{ahee-o'-nee-os}
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
habitations. 4633
{4633} Prime
σκηνή
skene
{skay-nay'}
Apparently akin to G4632 and G4639; a tent or cloth hut (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 16:9

_ _ Make ... friends of — Turn to your advantage; that is, as the steward did, “by showing mercy to the poor” (Daniel 4:27; compare Luke 12:33; Luke 14:13, Luke 14:14).

_ _ mammon of unrighteousness — treacherous, precarious. (See on Matthew 6:24).

_ _ ye fail — in respect of life.

_ _ they may receive you — not generally, “ye may be received” (as Luke 6:38, “shall men give”), but “those ye have relieved may rise up as witnesses for you” at the great day. Then, like the steward, when turned out of one home shall ye secure another; but better than he, a heavenly for an earthly, an everlasting for a temporary habitation. Money is not here made the key to heaven, more than “the deeds done in the body” in general, according to which, as a test of character — but not by the merit of which — men are to be judged (2 Corinthians 5:10, and see Matthew 25:34-40).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 16:1-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 16:9

And I say to you — Be good stewards even of the lowest talents wherewith God hath intrusted you. Mammon means riches or money. It is termed the mammon of unrighteousness, because of the manner wherein it is commonly either procured or employed. Make yourselves friends of this, by doing all possible good, particularly to the children of God: that when ye fail, when your flesh and your heart faileth, when this earthly tabernacle is dissolved, those of them who have gone before may receive, may welcome you into the everlasting habitations.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 16:9

And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon (c) of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting (d) habitations.

(c) This is not spoken of goods that are gotten wrongly, for God will have our bountifulness to the poor proceed and come from a good fountain: but he calls those things riches of iniquity which men use wickedly.

(d) That is, the poor Christians: for they are the inheritors of these habitations; Theophylact.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Make:

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
Luke 14:14 And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
Proverbs 19:17 He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.
Ecclesiastes 11:1 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days.
Isaiah 58:7-8 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh? ... Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward.
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Matthew 6:19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:
Matthew 19:21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go [and] sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come [and] follow me.
Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: ... And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Acts 10:4 And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.
Acts 10:31 And said, Cornelius, thy prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remembrance in the sight of God.
2 Corinthians 9:12-15 For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want of the saints, but is abundant also by many thanksgivings unto God; ... Thanks [be] unto God for his unspeakable gift.
1 Timothy 6:17-19 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; ... Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.
2 Timothy 1:16-18 The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain: ... The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well.

of the:

Luke 16:11 If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true [riches]?
Luke 16:13 No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

mammon:
or, riches,
Proverbs 23:5 Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not? for [riches] certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven.
1 Timothy 6:9-10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and [into] many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. ... For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;

when:

Psalms 73:26 My flesh and my heart faileth: [but] God [is] the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.
Ecclesiastes 12:3-7 In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be darkened, ... Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
Isaiah 57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls [which] I have made.

into:

2 Corinthians 4:17-18 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory; ... While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen [are] temporal; but the things which are not seen [are] eternal.
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
1 Timothy 6:18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
Jude 1:21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 73:26. Pv 19:17; 23:5. Ec 11:1; 12:3. Is 57:16; 58:7. Dn 4:27. Mt 6:19; 19:21; 25:35. Lk 11:41; 14:14; 16:11, 13. Ac 10:4, 31. 2Co 4:17; 5:1; 9:12. 1Ti 6:9, 17, 18. 2Ti 1:16. Jde 1:21.

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