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Luke 16:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And his lord commended the unrighteous steward because he had done wisely: for the sons of this world are for their own generation wiser than the sons of the light.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And his master praised the unrighteous manager because he had acted shrewdly; for the sons of this age are more shrewd in relation to their own kind than the sons of light.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the lord praised the unrighteous steward because he had done prudently. For the sons of this world are, for their own generation, more prudent than the sons of light.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the lord praised the unrighteous steward, in that with forethought he acted:—Because, the sons of this age, have more forethought than the sons of light, respecting their own generation.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And the lord commended the unrighteous steward that he did prudently, because the sons of this age are more prudent than the sons of the light, in respect to their generation.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the lord commended the unjust steward, forasmuch as he had done wisely: for the children of this world are wiser in their generation than the children of light.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the lord commended the vniust Steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser then the children of light.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And praised our Lord the house-chief who was unjust, in that he had done wisely; for the sons of this world are wiser than the sons of light in this their generation.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And our Lord praised the unrighteous steward, for having acted sagaciously: for the children of this world are more sagacious than the children of light, in this their generation.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
commended 1867
{1867} Prime
ἐπαινέω
epaineo
{ep-ahee-neh'-o}
From G1909 and G0134; to applaud.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
unjust 93
{0093} Prime
ἀδικία
adikia
{ad-ee-kee'-ah}
From G0094; (legal) injustice (properly the quality, by implication the act); moral wrongfulness (of charater, life or act).
steward, 3623
{3623} Prime
οἰκονόμος
oikonomos
{oy-kon-om'-os}
From G3624 and the base of G3551; a house distributor (that is, manager), or overseer, that is, an employee in that capacity; by extension a fiscal agent (treasurer); figuratively a preacher (of the Gospel).
because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he had done 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
wisely: 5430
{5430} Prime
φρονίμως
phronimos
{fron-im'-oce}
Adverb from G5429; prudently.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
children 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of this 5127
{5127} Prime
τούτου
toutou
{too'-too}
Genitive singular masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) this (person or thing).
world 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
their 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
generation 1074
{1074} Prime
γενεά
genea
{ghen-eh-ah'}
From (a presumed derivative of) G1085; a generation; by implication an age (the period or the persons).
wiser 5429
{5429} Prime
φρόνιμος
phronimos
{fron'-ee-mos}
From G5424; thoughtful, that is, sagacious or discreet (implying a cautious character; while G4680 denotes practical skill or acumen; and G4908 indicates rather intelligence or mental acquirement); in a bad sense conceited (also in the comparative).
than 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
children 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of light. 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 16:8

_ _ the lord — evidently the steward’s lord, so called in Luke 16:3, Luke 16:5.

_ _ commended, etc. — not for his “injustice,” but “because he had done wisely,” or prudently; with commendable foresight and skilful adaptation of means to end.

_ _ children of this world — so Luke 20:34; compare Psalms 17:14 (“their portion in this life”); Philippians 3:19 (“mind earthly things”); Psalms 4:6, Psalms 4:7.

_ _ their generation — or “for their generation” — that is, for the purposes of the “world” they are “of.” The greater wisdom (or shrewdness) of the one, in adaptation of means to ends, and in energetic, determined prosecution of them, is none of it for God and eternity — a region they were never in, an atmosphere they never breathed, an undiscovered world, an unborn existence to them — but all for the purposes of their own groveling and fleeting generation.

_ _ children of light — (so John 12:36; Ephesians 5:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:5). Yet this is only “as night-birds see better in the dark than those of the day owls than eagles” [Cajetan and Trench]. But we may learn lessons from them, as our Lord now shows, and “be wise as serpents.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 16:1-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 16:8

And the lord commended the unjust steward — Namely, in this respect, because he had used timely precaution: so that though the dishonesty of such a servant be detestable, yet his foresight, care, and contrivance, about the interests of this life, deserve our imitation, with regard to the more important affairs of another. The children of this world — Those who seek no other portion than this world: Are wiser — Not absolutely, for they are, one and all, egregious fools; but they are more consistent with themselves; they are truer to their principles; they more steadily pursue their end; they are wiser in their generation — That is, in their own way, than the children of light — The children of God, whose light shines on their hearts.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 16:8

And the lord commended (a) the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the (b) children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.

(a) This parable does not approve the steward's evil dealing, for it was definitely theft: but parables are set forth to show a thing in a secret way, and as it were, to present the truth by means of an allegory, even though it may not be exact: so that by this parable Christ means to teach us that worldly men are more clever in the affairs of this world than the children of God are diligent for everlasting life.

(b) Men that are given to this present life, contrary to whom are the children of light: Paul calls the former carnal and the latter spiritual.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
unjust:

Luke 16:10 He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much.
Luke 18:6 And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge saith.

done:

Luke 16:4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses.
Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
Exodus 1:10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and [so] get them up out of the land.
2 Samuel 13:3 But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab [was] a very subtil man.
2 Kings 10:19 Now therefore call unto me all the prophets of Baal, all his servants, and all his priests; let none be wanting: for I have a great sacrifice [to do] to Baal; whosoever shall be wanting, he shall not live. But Jehu did [it] in subtilty, to the intent that he might destroy the worshippers of Baal.
Proverbs 6:6-8 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: ... Provideth her meat in the summer, [and] gathereth her food in the harvest.

children of this:

Luke 20:34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage:
Psalms 17:14 From men [which are] thy hand, O LORD, from men of the world, [which have] their portion in [this] life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid [treasure]: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their [substance] to their babes.
1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise.
Philippians 3:19 Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

in:

Psalms 49:10-19 For he seeth [that] wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others. ... He shall go to the generation of his fathers; they shall never see light.
Matthew 17:26 Peter saith unto him, Of strangers. Jesus saith unto him, Then are the children free.

children of light:

John 12:36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.
Ephesians 5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light:
1 Thessalonians 5:5 Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
1 Peter 2:9 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:1. Ex 1:10. 2S 13:3. 2K 10:19. Ps 17:14; 49:10. Pv 6:6. Mt 17:26. Lk 16:4, 10; 18:6; 20:34. Jn 12:36. 1Co 3:18. Ep 5:8. Php 3:19. 1Th 5:5. 1P 2:9. 1Jn 3:10.

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