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Luke 16:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “In Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and *saw Abraham far away and Lazarus in his bosom.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in hell he lifted up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And in hades lifting up his eyes, being in torments, he sees Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, in hades, lifting up his eyes, being in torments, he seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and in the hades having lifted up his eyes, being in torments, he doth see Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And lifting up his eyes when he was in torments, he saw Abraham afar off and Lazarus in his bosom:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in hell he lift vp his eyes being in torments, and seeth Abraham afarre off, and Lazarus in his bosome:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And, tormented in shiul, he lifted up his eyes afar, and seeth Abraham, and Loozar in his bosom.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And being tormented in hell, he raised his eyes from afar off, and saw Abraham, and Lazarus in his bosom.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
hell 86
{0086} Prime
ᾅδης
hades
{hah'-dace}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G1492; properly unseen, that is, 'Hades' or the place (state) of departed souls.
he lift up 1869
{1869} Prime
ἐπαίρω
epairo
{ep-ahee'-ro}
From G1909 and G0142; to raise up (literally or figuratively).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
eyes, 3788
{3788} Prime
ὀφθαλμός
ophthalmos
{of-thal-mos'}
From G3700; the eye (literally or figuratively); by implication vision; figuratively envy (from the jealous side glance).
being 5225
{5225} Prime
ὑπάρχω
huparcho
{hoop-ar'-kho}
From G5259 and G0756; to begin under (quietly), that is, come into existence (be present or at hand); expletively, to exist (as copula or subordinate to an adjective, participle, adverb or preposition, or as auxilliary to principal verb).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
torments, 931
{0931} Prime
βάσανος
basanos
{bas'-an-os}
Perhaps remotely from the same as G0939 (through the notion of going to the bottom); a touch stone, that is, (by analogy) torture.
and seeth y3708
[3708] Standard
ὁράω
horao
{hor-ah'-o}
Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
x3704
(3704) Complement
ὅπως
hopos
{hop'-oce}
From G3739 and G4459; what (-ever) how, that is, in the manner that (as adverb or conjugation of coincidence, intentional or actual).
Abraham 11
{0011} Prime
Ἀβραάμ
Abraam
{ab-rah-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0085]; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch. In Acts 7:16 the text should probably read Jacob.
afar y3113
[3113] Standard
μακρόθεν
makrothen
{mak-roth'-en}
Adverb from G3117; from a distance or afar.
off, 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
x3113
(3113) Complement
μακρόθεν
makrothen
{mak-roth'-en}
Adverb from G3117; from a distance or afar.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Lazarus 2976
{2976} Prime
Λάζαρος
Lazaros
{lad'-zar-os}
Probably of Hebrew origin [H0499]; Lazarus (that is, Elazar), the name of two Israelites (one imaginary).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
bosom. 2859
{2859} Prime
κόλπος
kolpos
{kol'-pos}
Apparently a primary word; the bosom; by analogy a bay.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 16:23

_ _ in hell — not the final place of the lost (for which another word is used), but as we say “the unseen world.” But as the object here is certainly to depict the whole torment of the one and the perfect bliss of the other, it comes in this case to much the same.

_ _ seeth Abraham — not God, to whom therefore he cannot cry [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 16:19-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 16:23

He seeth Abraham afar off — And yet knew him at that distance: and shall not Abraham's children, when they are together in paradise, know each other!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 16:23

And in hell (i) he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

(i) Heavenly and spiritual things are expressed and set forth using language fit for our senses.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in hell:

Psalms 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, [and] all the nations that forget God.
Psalms 16:10 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
Psalms 49:15 But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.
Psalms 86:13 For great [is] thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell.
Proverbs 5:5 Her feet go down to death; her steps take hold on hell.
Proverbs 7:27 Her house [is] the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death.
Proverbs 9:18 But he knoweth not that the dead [are] there; [and that] her guests [are] in the depths of hell.
Proverbs 15:24 The way of life [is] above to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath.
Isaiah 14:9 Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet [thee] at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, [even] all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
Isaiah 14:15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
Matthew 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Matthew 5:29 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast [it] from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not [that] thy whole body should be cast into hell.
Matthew 18:9 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast [it] from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.
Matthew 23:33 [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
1 Corinthians 15:55 O death, where [is] thy sting? O grave, where [is] thy victory?
*marg.
2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
Revelation 20:13-14 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. ... And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

being:

Luke 16:28 For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.
Luke 8:28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, [thou] Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not.
Matthew 8:29 And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?
Revelation 14:10-11 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: ... And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

seeth:

Luke 13:28-29 There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you [yourselves] thrust out. ... And they shall come from the east, and [from] the west, and from the north, and [from] the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God.
Matthew 8:11-12 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. ... But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 9:17; 16:10; 49:15; 86:13. Pv 5:5; 7:27; 9:18; 15:24. Is 14:9, 15. Mt 5:22, 29; 8:11, 29; 18:9; 23:33. Lk 8:28; 13:28; 16:28. 1Co 15:55. 2P 2:4. Rv 14:10; 20:10, 13.

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