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Luke 15:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I say unto you, that even so there shall be joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, [more] than over ninety and nine righteous persons, who need no repentance.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I tell you that in the same way, there will be [more] joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who need no repentance.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I say to you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, who need no repentance.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I say unto you, that thus there shall be joy in heaven for one repenting sinner, [more] than for ninety and nine righteous who have no need of repentance.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I say unto you—Thus, joy in heaven, will there be, over one sinner repenting, rather than over ninety-nine righteous persons, who indeed have, no need, of repentance.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'I say to you, that so joy shall be in the heaven over one sinner reforming, rather than over ninety-nine righteous men, who have no need of reformation.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I say to you that even so there shall be joy in heaven upon one sinner that doth penance, more than upon ninety-nine just who need not penance.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I say vnto you, that likewise ioy shall be in heauen ouer one sinner that repenteth, more then ouer ninety and nine iust persons, which need no repentance.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I say to you, that thus shall there be joy in heaven over one sinner who repenteth, more than over the ninety and nine just ones who have no need of repentance.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I say to you, that there will thus be joy in heaven, over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just ones, to whom repentance was not necessary.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
likewise 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
joy 5479
{5479} Prime
χαρά
chara
{khar-ah'}
From G5463; cheerfulness, that is, calm delight.
shall be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heaven 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
over 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
sinner 268
{0268} Prime
ἁμαρτωλός
hamartolos
{ham-ar-to-los'}
From G0264; sinful, that is, a sinner.
that repenteth, 3340
{3340} Prime
μετανοέω
metanoeo
{met-an-o-eh'-o}
From G3326 and G3539; to think differently or afterwards, that is, reconsider (morally to feel compunction).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
more than 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
over 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
ninety and nine 1768
{1768} Prime
ἐννενηκονταεννέα
ennenekontaennea
{en-nen-ay-kon-tah-en-neh'-ah}
From a (tenth) multiple of G1767 and G1767 itself; ninety nine.
just persons, 1342
{1342} Prime
δίκαιος
dikaios
{dik'-ah-yos}
From G1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively).
which 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
need 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
5532
{5532} Prime
χρεία
chreia
{khri'-ah}
From the base of G5530 or G5534; employment, that is, an affair; also (by implication) occasion, demand, requirement or destitution.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
no 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
repentance. 3341
{3341} Prime
μετάνοια
metanoia
{met-an'-oy-ah}
From G3340; (subjectively) compunction (for guilt, including reformation); by implication reversal (of [another's] decision).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 15:3-7.


Luke 15:7

_ _ ninety-nine just ... needing no repentance — not angels, whose place in these parables is very different from this; but those represented by the prodigal’s well-behaved brother, who have “served their Father” many years and not at any time transgressed His commandment (in the outrageous sense of the prodigal). (See on Luke 15:29; see on Luke 15:31). In other words, such as have grown up from childhood in the fear of God and as the sheep of His pasture. Our Lord does not say “the Pharisees and scribes” were such; but as there was undoubtedly such a class, while “the publicans and sinners” were confessedly the strayed sheep and the prodigal children, He leaves them to fill up the place of the other class, if they could.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 15:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 15:7

Joy shall be — Solemn and festal joy, in heaven — First, in our blessed Lord himself, and then among the angels and spirits of just men, perhaps informed thereof by God himself, or by the angels who ministered to them. Over one sinner — One gross, open, notorious sinner, that repenteth — That is, thoroughly changed in heart and life; more than over ninety and nine just persons — Comparatively just, outwardly blameless: that need not such a repentance — For they need not, cannot repent of the sins which they never committed. The sum is, as a father peculiarly rejoices when an extravagant child, supposed to be utterly lost, comes to a thorough sense of his duty; or as any other person who has recovered what he had given up for gone, has a more sensible satisfaction in it, than in several other things equally valuable, but not in such danger: so do the angels in heaven peculiarly rejoice in the conversion of the most abandoned sinners. Yea, and God himself so readily forgives and receives them, that he may be represented as having part in the joy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
joy:

Luke 15:32 It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.
Luke 5:32 I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
Matthew 18:13 And if so be that he find it, verily I say unto you, he rejoiceth more of that [sheep], than of the ninety and nine which went not astray.

which:

Luke 15:29 And he answering said to [his] father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends:
Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
Luke 18:9-11 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: ... The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men [are], extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican.
Proverbs 30:12 [There is] a generation [that are] pure in their own eyes, and [yet] is not washed from their filthiness.
Romans 7:9 For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.
Philippians 3:6-7 Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. ... But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 30:12. Mt 18:13. Lk 5:32; 15:29, 32; 16:15; 18:9. Ro 7:9. Php 3:6.

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