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Luke 15:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But it was meet to make merry and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive [again]; and [was] lost, and is found.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘But we had to celebrate and rejoice, for this brother of yours was dead and [has begun] to live, and [was] lost and has been found.’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But it was right to make merry and rejoice, because this thy brother was dead and has come to life again, and was lost and has been found.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, to make merry and rejoice, there was need, because, this thy brother—was, dead, and hath come to life again, and was lost, and is found.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but to be merry, and to be glad, it was needful, because this thy brother was dead, and did live again, he was lost, and was found.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But it was fit that we should make merry and be glad: for this thy brother was dead and is come to life again; he was lost, and is found.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— It was meete that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is aliue againe: and was lost, and is found.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But to rejoice it behoves us, and to be glad, because this thy brother was dead, and is alive; and was lost, and is found.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But it was proper for us to be merry, and to rejoice; because this thy brother was dead, and is alive; he was lost, and is found.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
It x1161
(1161) Complement
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
was y1161
[1161] Standard
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
meet 1163
{1163} Prime
δεῖ
dei
{die}
Third person singular active present of G1210; also δεόν [[deon]], {deh-on'}; which is neuter active participle of the same; both used impersonally; it is (was, etc.) necessary (as binding).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
that we should make merry, 2165
{2165} Prime
εὐφραίνω
euphraino
{yoo-frah'-ee-no}
From G2095 and G5424; to put (middle voice or passive voice be) in a good frame of mind, that is, rejoice.
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
be glad: 5463
{5463} Prime
χαίρω
chairo
{khah'-ee-ro}
A primary verb; to be full of 'cheer', that is, calmly happy or well off; impersonal especially as a salutation (on meeting or parting), be well.
z5646
<5646> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 2
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
this 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
brother 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
dead, 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
is alive again; 326
{0326} Prime
ἀναζάω
anazao
{an-ad-zah'-o}
From G0303 and G2198; to recover life (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
lost, 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5756
<5756> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 43
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
is found. 2147
{2147} Prime
εὑρίσκω
heurisko
{hyoo-ris'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary word εὕρω [[heuro]], {hyoo'-ro}; which (together with another cognate form, εὑρέω [[heureo]], {hyoo-reh'-o}) is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect; to find (literally or figuratively).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 15:32

_ _ It was meet — Was it possible he should simply take his long vacant place in the family without one special sign of wonder and delight at the change? Would that have been nature? But this being the meaning of the festivity, it would for that very reason be temporary. In time, the dutifulness of even the younger son would become the law and not the exception; he too at length might venture to say, “Lo, these many years do I serve thee”; and of him the father would say, “Son, thou art ever with me.” In that case, therefore, it would not be “meet that they should make merry and be glad.” The lessons are obvious, but how beautiful! (1) The deeper sunk and the longer estranged any sinner is, the more exuberant is the joy which his recovery occasions. (2) Such joy is not the portion of those whose whole lives have been spent in the service of their Father in heaven. (3) Instead of grudging the want of this, they should deem it the highest testimony to their lifelong fidelity, that something better is reserved for them — the deep, abiding complacency of their Father in heaven.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 15:11-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 15:32

This thy brother was dead, and is alive — A thousand of these delicate touches in the inspired writings escape an inattentive reader. In Luke 15:30, the elder son had unkindly and indecently said, This thy son. The father in his reply mildly reproves him, and tenderly says, This thy brother — Amazing intimation, that the best of men ought to account the worst sinners their brethren still; and should especially remember this relation, when they show any inclination to return. Our Lord in this whole parable shows, not only that the Jews had no cause to murmur at the reception of the Gentiles, (a point which did not at that time so directly fall under consideration,) but that if the Pharisees were indeed as good as they fancied themselves to be, still they had no reason to murmur at the kind treatment of any sincere penitent. Thus does he condemn them, even on their own principles, and so leaves them without excuse. We have in this parable a lively emblem of the condition and behaviour of sinners in their natural state. Thus, when enriched by the bounty of the great common Father, do they ungratefully run from him, Luke 15:12. Sensual pleasures are eagerly pursued, till they have squandered away all the grace of God, Luke 15:13. And while these continue, not a serious thought of God can find a place in their minds. And even when afflictions come upon them, Luke 15:14, still they will make hard shifts before they will let the grace of God, concurring with his providence, persuade them to think of a return, Luke 15:15-16. When they see themselves naked, indigent, and undone, then they recover the exercise of their reason, Luke 15:17. Then they remember the blessings they have thrown away, and attend to the misery they have incurred. And hereupon they resolve to return to their father, and put the resolution immediately in practice, Luke 15:18-19. Behold with wonder and pleasure the gracious reception they find from Divine, injured goodness! When such a prodigal comes to his father, he sees him afar off, Luke 15:20. He pities, meets, embraces him, and interrupts his acknowledgments with the tokens of his returning favour, Luke 15:21. He arrays him with the robe of a Redeemer's righteousness, with inward and outward holiness; adorns him with all his sanctifying graces, and honours him with the tokens of adopting love, Luke 15:22. And all this he does with unutterable delight, in that he who was lost is now found, Luke 15:23-24. Let no elder brother murmur at this indulgence, but rather welcome the prodigal back into the family. And let those who have been thus received, wander no more, but emulate the strictest piety of those who for many years have served their heavenly Father, and not transgressed his commandments.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
was meet:

Luke 7:34 The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say, Behold a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners!
Psalms 51:8 Make me to hear joy and gladness; [that] the bones [which] thou hast broken may rejoice.
Isaiah 35:10 And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.
Hosea 14:9 Who [is] wise, and he shall understand these [things]? prudent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the LORD [are] right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall therein.
Jonah 4:10-11 Then said the LORD, Thou hast had pity on the gourd, for the which thou hast not laboured, neither madest it grow; which came up in a night, and perished in a night: ... And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and [also] much cattle?
Romans 3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.
Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
Romans 15:9-13 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for [his] mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. ... Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.

for:

Luke 15:24 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.
Ephesians 2:1-10 And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins; ... For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 51:8. Is 35:10. Ho 14:9. Jna 4:10. Lk 7:34; 15:24. Ro 3:4, 19; 15:9. Ep 2:1.

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