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Luke 15:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all that is mine is thine.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all that I have is thine.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And he said to him, ‘Son, you have always been with me, and all that is mine is yours.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said to him, Son, thou art ever with me: and all that I have is thine.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But he said to him, Child, *thou* art ever with me, and all that is mine is thine.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, he, said unto him—Child! thou, always, art, with me, and, all that is mine, is, thine;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And he said to him, Child, thou art always with me, and all my things are thine;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But he said to him: Son, thou art always with me; and all I have is thine.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said vnto him, Sonne, thou art euer with me, and all that I haue is thine.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— His father saith to him, My son, thou in all time art with me, and every thing that I have is thine.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— His father said to him: My son, thou hast been ever with me, and all that I have, is thine.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Son, 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
ever 3842
{3842} Prime
πάντοτε
pantote
{pan'-tot-eh}
From G3956 and G3753; every when, that is, at all times.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
me, 1700
{1700} Prime
ἐμοῦ
emou
{em-oo'}
A prolonged form of G3449; of me.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that I have 1699
{1699} Prime
ἐμός
emos
{em-os'}
From the oblique cases of G1473 (G1698, G1700, G1691); my.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
thine. 4674
{4674} Prime
σός
sos
{sos}
From G4771; thine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 15:31

_ _ Son, etc. — The father resents not the insult — how could he, after the largeness of heart which had kissed the returning prodigal? He calmly expostulates with him, “Son, listen to reason. What need for special, exuberant joy over thee? Didst thou say, ‘Lo, these many years do I serve thee?’ In that saidst thou truly; but just for that reason do I not set the whole household a-rejoicing over thee. For thee is reserved what is higher still — a tranquil lifelong satisfaction in thee, as a true-hearted faithful son in thy father’s house, nor of the inheritance reserved for thee is aught alienated by this festive and fitting joy over the once foolish but now wise and newly recovered one.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 15:11-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 15:31

Thou art ever with me, and all that I have is thine — This suggests a strong reason against murmuring at the indulgence shown to the greatest of sinners. As the father's receiving the younger son did not cause him to disinherit the elder; so God's receiving notorious sinners will be no loss to those who have always served him; neither will he raise these to a state of glory equal to that of those who have always served him, if they have, upon the whole, made a greater progress in inward as well as outward holiness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Luke 19:22-23 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, [thou] wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow: ... Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury?
Matthew 20:13-16 But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny? ... So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
Mark 7:27-28 But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast [it] unto the dogs. ... And she answered and said unto him, Yes, Lord: yet the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs.
Romans 9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises;
Romans 11:1 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, [of] the tribe of Benjamin.
Romans 11:35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?
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Mt 20:13. Mk 7:27. Lk 19:22. Ro 9:4; 11:1, 35.

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