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Luke 15:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight: I am no more worthy to be called thy son.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And the son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the son said to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the son said to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven and before thee; I am no longer worthy to be called thy son.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the son said unto him—Father! I have sinned against heaven, and before thee: No longer, am I worthy to be called a son of thine,—[make me as one of thy hired servants.]
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the son said to him, Father, I did sin—to the heaven, and before thee, and no more am I worthy to be called thy son.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the son said to him: Father: I have sinned against heaven and before thee I am not now worthy to be called thy son.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the sonne said vnto him, Father, I haue sinned against heauen, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy sonne.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And his son said to him, My father, I have sinned against heaven and before thee, and am not worthy thy son to be called.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And his son said to him: My father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, and am not worthy to be called thy son.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Father, 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
I have sinned 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
against 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
heaven, 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in y1799
[1799] Standard
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
thy y4675
[4675] Standard
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
sight, 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
x4675
(4675) Complement
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
am 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
no more 3765
{3765} Prime
οὐκέτι
ouketi
{ook-et'-ee}
From G3756 and G2089; not yet, no longer.
worthy 514
{0514} Prime
ἄξιος
axios
{ax'-ee-os}
Probably from G0071; deserving, comparable or suitable (as if drawing praise).
to be called 2564
{2564} Prime
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
son. 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 15:21

_ _ Father, I have sinned, etc. — “This confession is uttered after the kiss of reconciliation” (Ezekiel 16:63) [Trench].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 15:11-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 15:21

(4) And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.

(4) In true repentance there is a consciousness of our sins, joined with sorrow and shame, and from this springs a confession, after which follows forgiveness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Father:

Luke 15:18-19 I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, ... And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants.
Jeremiah 3:13 Only acknowledge thine iniquity, that thou hast transgressed against the LORD thy God, and hast scattered thy ways to the strangers under every green tree, and ye have not obeyed my voice, saith the LORD.
Ezekiel 16:63 That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
Romans 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?

against:

Psalms 51:4 Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done [this] evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, [and] be clear when thou judgest.
Psalms 143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
1 Corinthians 8:12 But when ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, ye sin against Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 51:4; 143:2. Jr 3:13. Ezk 16:63. Lk 15:18. Ro 2:4. 1Co 8:12.

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