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Luke 15:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And he would have gladly filled his stomach with the pods that the swine were eating, and no one was giving [anything] to him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat; and no man gave to him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he longed to fill his belly with the husks which the swine were eating; and no one gave to him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he used to long to be filled with the pods which the swine were eating; and, no man, was giving unto him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he was desirous to fill his belly from the husks that the swine were eating, and no one was giving to him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he would faine haue filled his belly with the huskes that the swine did eate: & no man gaue vnto him.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he had a desire to fill his belly with those karubs which the swine did eat; and no man gave to him.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he longed to fill his belly with those pods which the swine ate: and no one gave to him.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he would fain 1937
{1937} Prime
ἐπιθυμέω
epithumeo
{ep-ee-thoo-meh'-o}
From G1909 and G2372; to set the heart upon, that is, long for (rightfully or otherwise).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
have filled 1072
{1072} Prime
γεμίζω
gemizo
{ghem-id'-zo}
Transitive from G1073; to fill entirely.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
belly 2836
{2836} Prime
κοιλία
koilia
{koy-lee'-ah}
From κοῖλος [[koilos]] ('hollow'); a cavity, that is, (specifically) the abdomen; by implication the matrix; figuratively the heart.
with 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
husks 2769
{2769} Prime
κεράτιον
keration
{ker-at'-ee-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of G2768; something horned, that is, (specifically) the pod of the carob tree.
that 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
swine 5519
{5519} Prime
χοῖρος
choiros
{khoy'-ros}
Of uncertain derivation; a hog.
did eat: 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
no man 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
unto him. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 15:16

_ _ would fain have filled — rather, “was fain to fill,” ate greedily of the only food he could get.

_ _ the husks — “the hulls of a leguminous plant which in the East is the food of cattle and swine, and often the nourishment of the poorest in times of distress” [Stier].

_ _ no man gave ... him — not this food, for that he had, but anything better (Jeremiah 30:14). This was his lowest depth — perishing unpitied, alone in the world, and ready to disappear from it unmissed! But this is just the blessed turning-point; midnight before dawn of day (2 Chronicles 12:8; 2 Chronicles 33:11-13; Jeremiah 2:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 15:11-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 15:16

He would fain have filled his belly with the husks — He would fain have satisfied himself with worldly comforts. Vain, fruitless endeavour!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he would:

Isaiah 44:20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Isaiah 55:2 Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
Lamentations 4:5 They that did feed delicately are desolate in the streets: they that were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
Romans 6:19-21 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness. ... What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.

that:

Psalms 73:22 So foolish [was] I, and ignorant: I was [as] a beast before thee.

no:

Psalms 142:4 I looked on [my] right hand, and beheld, but [there was] no man that would know me: refuge failed me; no man cared for my soul.
Isaiah 57:3 But draw near hither, ye sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer and the whore.
Jonah 2:2-8 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, [and] thou heardest my voice. ... They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.
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Ps 73:22; 142:4. Is 44:20; 55:2; 57:3. Lm 4:5. Ho 12:1. Jna 2:2. Ro 6:19.

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