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Luke 15:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he went his way, and joined himself unto one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to be feeding swine.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having gone on, he joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him to the fields to feed swine,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he went and cleaved to one of the citizens of that country. And he sent him into his farm to feed swine.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he went and ioyned himselfe to a citizen of that countrey, and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he went and joined himself to one of the sons of the city of that place; and he sent him into the field to tend the swine.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he went and connected himself with one of the citizens of that place: and he sent him into the field to tend swine.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he went 4198
{4198} Prime
πορεύομαι
poreuomai
{por-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from a derivative of the same as G3984; to traverse, that is, travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove [figuratively die], live, etc.).
z5679
<5679> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 164
and joined x2853
(2853) Complement
κολλάω
kollao
{kol-lah'-o}
From κόλλα [[kolla]] ('glue'); to glue, that is, (passively or reflexively) to stick (figuratively).
himself y2853
[2853] Standard
κολλάω
kollao
{kol-lah'-o}
From κόλλα [[kolla]] ('glue'); to glue, that is, (passively or reflexively) to stick (figuratively).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
to y1520
[1520] Standard
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
a x1520
(1520) Complement
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
citizen 4177
{4177} Prime
πολίτης
polites
{pol-ee'-tace}
From G4172; a townsman.
of that 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
country; 5561
{5561} Prime
χώρα
chora
{kho'-rah}
Feminine of a derivative of the base of G5490 through the idea of empty expanse; room, that is, a space of territory (more or less extensive; often including its inhabitants).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he sent 3992
{3992} Prime
πέμπω
pempo
{pem'-po}
Apparently a primary verb; to dispatch (from the subjective view or point of departure, whereas ἵημι [[hiemi]] [as a stronger form of εἶμι [[eimi]] ] refers rather to the objective point or terminus ad quem, and G4724 denotes properly the orderly motion involved), especially on a temporary errand; also to transmit, bestow, or wield.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
fields 68
{0068} Prime
ἀγρός
agros
{ag-ros'}
From G0071; a field (as a drive for cattle); generally the country; specifically a farm, that is, hamlet.
to feed 1006
{1006} Prime
βόσκω
bosko
{bos'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (compare G0977 and G1016); to pasture; by extension to fodder; reflexively to graze.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
swine. 5519
{5519} Prime
χοῖρος
choiros
{khoy'-ros}
Of uncertain derivation; a hog.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 15:15

_ _ joined himself, etc. — his pride not yet humbled, unable to brook the shame of a return.

_ _ to feed swine — glad to keep life anyhow, behold the son sank into a swineherd — among the Jews, on account of the prohibition of swine’s flesh, emphatically vile! “He who begins by using the world as a servant, to minister to his pleasure, ends by reversing the relationship” [Trench].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 15:11-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 15:15

And he joined himself to a citizen of that country — Either the devil or one of his children, the genuine citizens of that country which is far from God. He sent him to feed swine — He employed him in the base drudgery of sin.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he went:

Luke 15:13 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living.
Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before me? let my people go, that they may serve me.
2 Chronicles 28:22 And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against the LORD: this [is that] king Ahaz.
Isaiah 1:5 Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.
Isaiah 1:9 Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, [and] we should have been like unto Gomorrah.
Isaiah 1:10-13 Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah. ... Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
Isaiah 57:17 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: I hid me, and was wroth, and he went on frowardly in the way of his heart.
Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, [are] not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, [but] they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.
Jeremiah 8:4-6 Moreover thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD; Shall they fall, and not arise? shall he turn away, and not return? ... I hearkened and heard, [but] they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.
Jeremiah 31:18-19 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself [thus]; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed [to the yoke]: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou [art] the LORD my God. ... Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon [my] thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.
2 Timothy 2:25-26 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; ... And [that] they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.
Revelation 2:21-22 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. ... Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.

to feed:

Luke 8:32-34 And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain: and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them. ... When they that fed [them] saw what was done, they fled, and went and told [it] in the city and in the country.
Ezekiel 16:52 Thou also, which hast judged thy sisters, bear thine own shame for thy sins that thou hast committed more abominable than they: they are more righteous than thou: yea, be thou confounded also, and bear thy shame, in that thou hast justified thy sisters.
Ezekiel 16:63 That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
Nahum 3:6 And I will cast abominable filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and will set thee as a gazingstock.
Malachi 2:9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the people, according as ye have not kept my ways, but have been partial in the law.
Romans 1:24-26 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: ... For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:
Romans 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.
1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, ... And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Ephesians 2:2-3 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: ... Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
Ephesians 4:17-19 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, ... Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
Ephesians 5:11-12 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them]. ... For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret.
Colossians 3:5-7 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry: ... In the which ye also walked some time, when ye lived in them.
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
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Ex 10:3. 2Ch 28:22. Is 1:5, 9, 10; 57:17. Jr 5:3; 8:4; 31:18. Ezk 16:52, 63. Na 3:6. Mal 2:9. Lk 8:32; 15:13. Ro 1:24; 6:22. 1Co 6:9. Ep 2:2; 4:17; 5:11. Col 3:5. 2Ti 2:25. Tit 3:3. Rv 2:21.

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