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Luke 15:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And not many days after, the younger son gathered all together and took his journey into a far country; and there he wasted his substance with riotous living.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And not many days later, the younger son gathered everything together and went on a journey into a distant country, and there he squandered his estate with loose living.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And not many days after, the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And after not many days the younger son gathering all together went away into a country a long way off, and there dissipated his property, living in debauchery.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, after not many days, the younger son, gathering all together, left home for a country far away, and, there, squandered his substance with riotous living.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And not many days after, having gathered all together, the younger son went abroad to a far country, and there he scattered his substance, living riotously;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And not many days after, the younger son, gathering all together, went abroad into a far country: and there wasted his substance, living riotously.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And not many dayes after, the yonger sonne gathered al together, and tooke his iourney into a farre countrey, and there wasted his substance with riotous liuing.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And after a few days the minor son gathered together his all whatsoever, and went into a distant country, and there dispersed his substance in living profusely.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And after a few days, the younger son collected together all that fell to him, and went to a distant place and there squandered his property, by living in dissipation.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
days 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
after 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
younger 3501
{3501} Prime
νέος
neos
{neh'-os}
A primary word, including the comparative (second form); 'new', that is, (of persons) youthful, or (of things) fresh; figuratively regenerate.
son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
gathered y4863
[4863] Standard
συνάγω
sunago
{soon-ag'-o}
From G4862 and G0071; to lead together, that is, collect or convene; specifically to entertain (hospitably).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
all y537
[0537] Standard
ἅπας
hapas
{hap'-as}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and G3956; absolutely all or (singular) every one.
together, 4863
{4863} Prime
συνάγω
sunago
{soon-ag'-o}
From G4862 and G0071; to lead together, that is, collect or convene; specifically to entertain (hospitably).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
x537
(0537) Complement
ἅπας
hapas
{hap'-as}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and G3956; absolutely all or (singular) every one.
and took his journey 589
{0589} Prime
ἀποδημέω
apodemeo
{ap-od-ay-meh'-o}
From G0590; to go abroad, that is, visit a foreign land.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a far 3117
{3117} Prime
μακρός
makros
{mak-ros'}
From G3372; long (in place [distant] or time [neuter plural]).
country, 5561
{5561} Prime
χώρα
chora
{kho'-rah}
Feminine of a derivative of the base of G5490 through the idea of empty expanse; room, that is, a space of territory (more or less extensive; often including its inhabitants).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
there 1563
{1563} Prime
ἐκεῖ
ekei
{ek-i'}
Of uncertain affinity; there; by extension thither.
wasted 1287
{1287} Prime
διασκορπίζω
diaskorpizo
{dee-as-kor-pid'-zo}
From G1223 and G4650; to dissipate, that is, (generally) to rout or separate; specifically to winnow; figuratively to squander.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
substance 3776
{3776} Prime
οὐσία
ousia
{oo-see'-ah}
From the feminine of G5607; substance, that is, property (possessions).
with riotous 811
{0811} Prime
ἀσώτως
asotos
{as-o'-toce}
Adverb from the same as G0810; dissolutely.
living. 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 15:13

_ _ not many days — intoxicated with his new — found resources, and eager for the luxury of using them at Will.

_ _ a far country — beyond all danger of interference from home.

_ _ wasted, etc. — So long as it lasted, the inward monitor (Isaiah 55:2) would be silenced (Isaiah 9:10; Isaiah 57:10; Amos 4:6-10).

_ _ riotous living — (Luke 15:30), “with harlots.” Ah! but this reaches farther than the sensualist; for “in the deep symbolical language of Scripture fornication is the standing image of idolatry; they are in fact ever spoken of as one and the same sin, considered now in its fleshly, now in its spiritual aspect” (Jeremiah 3:1-15; Ezekiel 16:1-17:24) [Trench].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 15:11-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 15:13

He took a journey into a far country — Far from God: God was not in all his thoughts: And squandered away his substance — All the grace he had received.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and took:

2 Chronicles 33:1-10 Manasseh [was] twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem: ... And the LORD spake to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not hearken.
Job 21:13-15 They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave. ... What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Job 22:17-18 Which said unto God, Depart from us: and what can the Almighty do for them? ... Yet he filled their houses with good [things]: but the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
Psalms 10:4-6 The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek [after God]: God [is] not in all his thoughts. ... He hath said in his heart, I shall not be moved: for [I shall] never [be] in adversity.
Psalms 73:27 For, lo, they that are far from thee shall perish: thou hast destroyed all them that go a whoring from thee.
Proverbs 27:8 As a bird that wandereth from her nest, so [is] a man that wandereth from his place.
Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.
Isaiah 30:11 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.
Jeremiah 2:5 Thus saith the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity, and are become vain?
Jeremiah 2:13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, [and] hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.
Jeremiah 2:17-19 Hast thou not procured this unto thyself, in that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, when he led thee by the way? ... Thine own wickedness shall correct thee, and thy backslidings shall reprove thee: know therefore and see that [it is] an evil [thing] and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, and that my fear [is] not in thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
Jeremiah 2:31 O generation, see ye the word of the LORD. Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? a land of darkness? wherefore say my people, We are lords; we will come no more unto thee?
Micah 6:3 O my people, what have I done unto thee? and wherein have I wearied thee? testify against me.
Ephesians 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
Ephesians 2:17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.

wasted:

Luke 15:30 But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.
Luke 16:1 And he said also unto his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward; and the same was accused unto him that he had wasted his goods.
Luke 16:19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:
Proverbs 5:8-14 Remove thy way far from her, and come not nigh the door of her house: ... I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly.
Proverbs 6:26 For by means of a whorish woman [a man is brought] to a piece of bread: and the adulteress will hunt for the precious life.
Proverbs 18:9 He also that is slothful in his work is brother to him that is a great waster.
Proverbs 21:17 He that loveth pleasure [shall be] a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.
Proverbs 21:20 [There is] treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.
Proverbs 23:19-22 Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way. ... Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.
Proverbs 28:7 Whoso keepeth the law [is] a wise son: but he that is a companion of riotous [men] shameth his father.
Proverbs 29:3 Whoso loveth wisdom rejoiceth his father: but he that keepeth company with harlots spendeth [his] substance.
Ecclesiastes 11:9-10 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these [things] God will bring thee into judgment. ... Therefore remove sorrow from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth [are] vanity.
Isaiah 22:13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.
Isaiah 56:12 Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.
Amos 6:3-7 Ye that put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence to come near; ... Therefore now shall they go captive with the first that go captive, and the banquet of them that stretched themselves shall be removed.
Romans 13:13-14 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. ... But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
1 Peter 4:3-4 For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries: ... Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with [them] to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of [you]:
2 Peter 2:13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;
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2Ch 33:1. Jb 21:13; 22:17. Ps 10:4; 73:27. Pv 5:8; 6:26; 18:9; 21:17, 20; 23:19; 27:8; 28:7; 29:3. Ec 11:9. Is 1:4; 22:13; 30:11; 56:12. Jr 2:5, 13, 17, 31. Am 6:3. Mi 6:3. Lk 15:30; 16:1, 19. Ro 13:13. Ep 2:13, 17. 1P 4:3. 2P 2:13.

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