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Luke 14:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Or what king, as he goeth to encounter another king in war, will not sit down first and take counsel whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Or what king, when he sets out to meet another king in battle, will not first sit down and consider whether he is strong enough with ten thousand [men] to encounter the one coming against him with twenty thousand?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Or what king going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Or what king, going on his way to engage in war with another king, does not, sitting down first, take counsel whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him coming against him with twenty thousand?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Or, what king, moving on to encounter, another king, in battle, will not sit down first and take counsel, whether he is able, with ten thousand, to meet him who, with twenty thousand, is coming against him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Or what king going on to engage with another king in war, doth not, having sat down, first consult if he be able with ten thousand to meet him who with twenty thousand is coming against him?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Or, what king, about to go to make war against another king, doth not first sit down and think whether he be able, with ten thousand, to meet him that, with twenty thousand, cometh against him?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Or what king going to make war against another king, sitteth not downe first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand, to meete him that commeth against him with twentie thousand?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Or, what king, going to war with a king his neighbour, doth not first consider, whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him who cometh against him with twenty thousand?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Or what king, that is going to contend in battle with his neighbor king, doth not first consider, whether he is able, with ten thousand, to meet him that is coming against him with twenty thousand?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
king, 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
going 4198
{4198} Prime
πορεύομαι
poreuomai
{por-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from a derivative of the same as G3984; to traverse, that is, travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove [figuratively die], live, etc.).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
to make y4820
[4820] Standard
συμβάλλω
sumballo
{soom-bal'-lo}
From G4862 and G0906; to combine, that is, (in speaking) to converse, consult, dispute, (mentally) to consider, (by implication) to aid, (personally) to join, attack.
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
war 4171
{4171} Prime
πόλεμος
polemos
{pol'-em-os}
From πέλομαι [[pelomai]] (to bustle); warfare (literally or figuratively; a single encounter or a series).
x4820
(4820) Complement
συμβάλλω
sumballo
{soom-bal'-lo}
From G4862 and G0906; to combine, that is, (in speaking) to converse, consult, dispute, (mentally) to consider, (by implication) to aid, (personally) to join, attack.
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
against y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
another 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
king, 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
sitteth y2523
[2523] Standard
καθίζω
kathizo
{kath-id'-zo}
Another (active) form for G2516; to seat down, that is, set (figuratively appoint); intransitively to sit (down); figuratively to settle (hover, dwell).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3780
[3780] Standard
οὐχί
ouchi
{oo-khee'}
Intensive of G3756; not indeed.
down 2523
{2523} Prime
καθίζω
kathizo
{kath-id'-zo}
Another (active) form for G2516; to seat down, that is, set (figuratively appoint); intransitively to sit (down); figuratively to settle (hover, dwell).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x3780
(3780) Complement
οὐχί
ouchi
{oo-khee'}
Intensive of G3756; not indeed.
first, 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
and x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
consulteth 1011
{1011} Prime
βουλεύω
bouleuo
{bool-yoo'-o}
From G1012; to advise, that is, (reflexively) deliberate, or (by implication) resolve.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
whether 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
he be 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
able 1415
{1415} Prime
δυνατός
dunatos
{doo-nat-os'}
From G1410; powerful or capable (literally or figuratively); neuter possible.
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
ten 1176
{1176} Prime
δέκα
deka
{dek'-ah}
A primary number; ten.
thousand 5505
{5505} Prime
χιλιάς
chilias
{khil-ee-as'}
From G5507; one thousand ('chiliad').
to meet 528
{0528} Prime
ἀπαντάω
apantao
{ap-an-tah'-o}
From G0575 and a derivative of G0473; to meet away, that is, encounter.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
him that cometh 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
against 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
twenty 1501
{1501} Prime
εἴκοσι
eikosi
{i'-kos-ee}
Of uncertain affinity; a score.
thousand? 5505
{5505} Prime
χιλιάς
chilias
{khil-ee-as'}
From G5507; one thousand ('chiliad').
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 14:28-33.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 14:25-35.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 14:31

Another king — Does this mean, the prince of this world? Certainly he has greater numbers on his side. How numerous are his children and servants!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Kings 20:11 And the king of Israel answered and said, Tell [him], Let not him that girdeth on [his harness] boast himself as he that putteth it off.
2 Kings 18:20-22 Thou sayest, (but [they are but] vain words,) [I have] counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me? ... But if ye say unto me, We trust in the LORD our God: [is] not that he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem?
Proverbs 20:18 [Every] purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war.
Proverbs 25:8 Go not forth hastily to strive, lest [thou know not] what to do in the end thereof, when thy neighbour hath put thee to shame.
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1K 20:11. 2K 18:20. Pv 20:18; 25:8.

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