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Luke 13:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He said therefore, Unto what is the kingdom of God like? and whereunto shall I liken it?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then said he, Unto what is the kingdom of God like? and whereunto shall I resemble it?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So He was saying, “What is the kingdom of God like, and to what shall I compare it?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then said he, To what is the kingdom of God like? and to what shall I resemble it?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said, To what is the kingdom of God like? and to what shall I liken it?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He went on to say, therefore—Whereunto, is the kingdom of God, like? And, whereunto, shall I liken it?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he said, 'To what is the reign of God like? and to what shall I liken it?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He said therefore: To what is the kingdom of God like, and whereunto shall I resemble it?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then said he, Unto what is the kingdome of God like? and whereunto shall I resemble it?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Jeshu said, What doth the kingdom of Aloha resemble, and to what shall I compare it?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Jesus said: To what is the kingdom of God like? and with what shall I compare it?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
said x3004
(3004) Complement
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
he, y3004
[3004] Standard
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
Unto what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
kingdom 932
{0932} Prime
βασιλεία
basileia
{bas-il-i'-ah}
From G0935; properly royalty, that is, (abstractly) rule, or (concretely) a realm (literally or figuratively).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
like? 3664
{3664} Prime
ὅμοιος
homoios
{hom'-oy-os}
From the base of G3674; similar (in appearance or character).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
whereunto 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
shall I resemble 3666
{3666} Prime
ὁμοιόω
homoioo
{hom-oy-o'-o}
From G3664; to assimilate, that is, compare; passively to become similar.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
it? 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 13:18-21

_ _ Luke 13:18-30. Miscellaneous teachings.

_ _ mustard seed ... leaven — (See on Mark 4:30-32). The parable of “the Leaven” sets forth, perhaps, rather the inward growth of the kingdom, while “the Mustard Seed” seems to point chiefly to the outward. It being a woman’s work to knead, it seems a refinement to say that “the woman” here represents the Church, as the instrument of depositing the leaven. Nor does it yield much satisfaction to understand the “three measures of meal” of that threefold division of our nature into “spirit, soul, and body,” (alluded to in 1 Thessalonians 5:23) or of the threefold partition of the world among the three sons of Noah (Genesis 10:32), as some do. It yields more real satisfaction to see in this brief parable just the all-penetrating and assimilating quality of the Gospel, by virtue of which it will yet mould all institutions and tribes of men, and exhibit over the whole earth one “Kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ.” (See on Revelation 11:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Luke 13:18-22

_ _ Here is, I. The gospel's progress foretold in two parables, which we had before, Matthew 13:31-33. The kingdom of the Messiah is the kingdom of God, for it advances his glory; this kingdom was yet a mystery, and people were generally in the dark, and under mistakes, about it. Now, when we would describe a thing to those that are strangers to it, we choose to do it by similitudes. “Such a person you know not, but I will tell you whom he is like;” so Christ undertakes here to show what the kingdom of God is like (Luke 13:18): “Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God? Luke 13:20. It will be quite another thing from what you expect, and will operate, and gain its point, in quite another manner.” 1. “You expect it will appear great, and will arrive at its perfection all of a sudden; but you are mistaken, it is like a grain of mustard-seed, a little thing, takes up but little room, makes but a little figure, and promises but little; yet, when sown in soil proper to receive it, it waxes a great tree,Luke 13:19. Many perhaps were prejudiced against the gospel, and loth to come in to the obedience of it, because its beginning was so small; they were ready to say of Christ, Can this man save us? And of his gospel, Is this likely ever to come to any thing? Now Christ would remove this prejudice, by assuring them that though its beginning was small its latter end should greatly increase; so that many should come, should come upon the wing, should fly like a cloud, to lodge in the branches of it with more safety and satisfaction than in the branches of Nebuchadnezzar's tree, Daniel 4:21. 2. “You expect it will make its way by external means, by subduing nations and vanquishing armies, though it shall work like leaven, silently and insensibly, and without any force or violence, Luke 13:21. A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump; so the doctrine of Christ will strangely diffuse its relish into the world of mankind: in this it triumphs, that the savour of the knowledge of it is unaccountably made manifest in every place, beyond what one could have expected, 2 Corinthians 2:14. But you must give it time, wait for the issue of the preaching of the gospel to the world, and you will find it does wonders, and alters the property of the souls of men. By degrees the whole will be leavened, even as many as are, like the meal to the leaven, prepared to receive the savour of it.”

_ _ II. Christ's progress towards Jerusalem recorded: He went through the cities and villages, teaching and journeying, Luke 13:22. Here we find Christ an itinerant, but an itinerant preacher, journeying towards Jerusalem, to the feast of dedication, which was in the winter, when travelling was uncomfortable, yet he would be about his Father's business; and therefore, whatever cities or villages he could make in his way, he gave them a sermon or two, not only in the cities, but in the country villages. Wherever Providence brings us, we should endeavour to be doing all the good we can.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Unto:

Luke 13:20 And again he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God?
Luke 7:31 And the Lord said, Whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation? and to what are they like?
Lamentations 2:13 What thing shall I take to witness for thee? what thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem? what shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach [is] great like the sea: who can heal thee?
Matthew 13:31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field:

the kingdom:

Luke 17:21 Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.
Mark 4:26 And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground;
Mark 4:30-34 And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it? ... But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.
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Lm 2:13. Mt 13:31. Mk 4:26, 30. Lk 7:31; 13:20; 17:21.

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