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Luke 13:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And behold, a woman that had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years; and she was bowed together, and could in no wise lift herself up.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up [herself].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And there was a woman who for eighteen years had had a sickness caused by a spirit; and she was bent double, and could not straighten up at all.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And behold, there was a woman who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise raise [herself].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And lo, [there was] a woman having a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and she was bent together and wholly unable to lift her head up.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And lo! a woman, having a spirit of weakness eighteen years,—and was bowed together, and unable to lift herself up, at all.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and lo, there was a woman having a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and she was bowed together, and not able to bend back at all,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And behold there was a woman who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years. And she was bowed together: neither could she look upwards at all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And beholde, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmitie eighteene yeeres, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift vp her selfe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— a woman was there who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years; and she was bowed down, and could not be straight at all.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— a woman was there who had had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years; and she was bent over, and could not straighten herself at all.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
behold, 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
there was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
a woman 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
which had 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
a spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
of infirmity 769
{0769} Prime
ἀσθένεια
astheneia
{as-then'-i-ah}
From G0772; feebleness (of body or mind); by implication malady; moral frailty.
eighteen 1176
{1176} Prime
δέκα
deka
{dek'-ah}
A primary number; ten.
2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
3638
{3638} Prime
ὀκτώ
okto
{ok-to'}
A primary numeral; 'eight'.
years, 2094
{2094} Prime
ἔτος
etos
{et'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a year.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
bowed together, 4794
{4794} Prime
συγκύπτω
sugkupto
{soong-koop'-to}
From G4862 and G2955; to stoop altogether, that is, be completely overcome by.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
could 1410
{1410} Prime
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
in y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
no y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
wise 3838
{3838} Prime
παντελής
panteles
{pan-tel-ace'}
From G3956 and G5056; full ended, that is, entire (neuter as noun, completion).
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
lift up 352
{0352} Prime
ἀνακύπτω
anakupto
{an-ak-oop'-to}
From G0303 (in the sense of reversal) and G2955; to unbend, that is, rise; figuratively be elated.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
[herself].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 13:11

_ _ spirit of infirmity — Compare Luke 13:17, “whom Satan hath bound.” From this it is probable, though not certain, that her protracted infirmity was the effect of some milder form of possession; yet she was “a daughter of Abraham,” in the same gracious sense, no doubt, as Zacchaeus, after his conversion, was “a son of Abraham” (Luke 19:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 13:10-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 13:11

She was bowed together, and utterly unable to lift up herself — The evil spirit which possessed her afflicted her in this manner. To many doubtless it appeared a natural distemper. Would not a modern physician have termed it a nervous case?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 13:11

And, behold, there was a woman which had a (d) spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up [herself].

(d) Troubled with a disease which Satan caused.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a spirit:

Luke 13:16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?
Luke 8:2 And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils,
Job 2:7 So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown.
Psalms 6:2 Have mercy upon me, O LORD; for I [am] weak: O LORD, heal me; for my bones are vexed.
Matthew 9:32-33 As they went out, behold, they brought to him a dumb man possessed with a devil. ... And when the devil was cast out, the dumb spake: and the multitudes marvelled, saying, It was never so seen in Israel.

eighteen:

Luke 8:27 And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes, neither abode in [any] house, but in the tombs.
Luke 8:43 And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any,
Mark 9:21 And he asked his father, How long is it ago since this came unto him? And he said, Of a child.
John 5:5-6 And a certain man was there, which had an infirmity thirty and eight years. ... When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he had been now a long time [in that case], he saith unto him, Wilt thou be made whole?
John 9:19-21 And they asked them, saying, Is this your son, who ye say was born blind? how then doth he now see? ... But by what means he now seeth, we know not; or who hath opened his eyes, we know not: he is of age; ask him: he shall speak for himself.
Acts 3:2 And a certain man lame from his mother's womb was carried, whom they laid daily at the gate of the temple which is called Beautiful, to ask alms of them that entered into the temple;
Acts 4:22 For the man was above forty years old, on whom this miracle of healing was shewed.
Acts 14:8-10 And there sat a certain man at Lystra, impotent in his feet, being a cripple from his mother's womb, who never had walked: ... Said with a loud voice, Stand upright on thy feet. And he leaped and walked.

bowed:

Psalms 38:6 I am troubled; I am bowed down greatly; I go mourning all the day long.
Psalms 42:5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and [why] art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him [for] the help of his countenance.
*marg.
Psalms 145:14 The LORD upholdeth all that fall, and raiseth up all [those that be] bowed down.
Psalms 146:8 The LORD openeth [the eyes of] the blind: the LORD raiseth them that are bowed down: the LORD loveth the righteous:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 2:7. Ps 6:2; 38:6; 42:5; 145:14; 146:8. Mt 9:32. Mk 9:21. Lk 8:2, 27, 43; 13:16. Jn 5:5; 9:19. Ac 3:2; 4:22; 14:8.

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