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Luke 12:58 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For as thou art going with thine adversary before the magistrate, on the way give diligence to be quit of him; lest haply he drag thee unto the judge, and the judge shall deliver thee to the officer, and the officer shall cast thee into prison.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When thou goest with thine adversary to the magistrate, [as thou art] in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For while you are going with your opponent to appear before the magistrate, on [your] way [there] make an effort to settle with him, so that he may not drag you before the judge, and the judge turn you over to the officer, and the officer throw you into prison.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When thou goest with thy adversary to the magistrate, [as thou art] in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him; lest he draw thee before the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For as thou goest with thine adverse party before a magistrate, strive in the way to be reconciled with him, lest he drag thee away to the judge, and the judge shall deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, as thou art going along with thine adversary unto a ruler, on the way, take pains to get a release from him; lest once he drag thee along unto the judge, and, the judge, deliver thee up to the punisher,—and, the punisher, cast thee into prison:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for, as thou art going away with thy opponent to the ruler, in the way give diligence to be released from him, lest he may drag thee unto the judge, and the judge may deliver thee to the officer, and the officer may cast thee into prison;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when thou goest with thy adversary to the prince, whilst thou art in the way, endeavour to be delivered from him: lest perhaps he draw thee to he judge, and the judge deliver thee to the exacter, and the exacter cast thee into prison.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When thou goest with thine aduersary to the magistrate, as thou art in the way, giue diligence that thou mayest be deliuered from him, lest hee hale thee to the Iudge, and the Iudge deliuer thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— When thou art going with thine adversary to the magistrate, while in the way, negotiate, and be freed from him; lest he bring thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the exactor, and the exactor cast thee into the house of the bound;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when thou goest with thy adversary to the ruler, while on the way, make effort to be released by him; lest he bring thee to the judge and the judge deliver thee to the exactor, and the exactor cast thee into prison.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x1161
(1161) Complement
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
When 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
y1063
[1063] Standard
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
thou goest 5217
{5217} Prime
ὑπάγω
hupago
{hoop-ag'-o}
From G5259 and G0071; to lead (oneself) under, that is, withdraw or retire (as if sinking out of sight), literally or figuratively.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
thine 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
adversary 476
{0476} Prime
ἀντίδικος
antidikos
{an-tid'-ee-kos}
From G0473 and G1349; an opponent (in a lawsuit); specifically Satan (as the arch enemy).
to 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the magistrate, 758
{0758} Prime
ἄρχων
archon
{ar'-khone}
Present participle of G0757; a first (in rank or power).
[as thou art] in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
way, 3598
{3598} Prime
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
give 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
diligence 2039
{2039} Prime
ἐργασία
ergasia
{er-gas-ee'-ah}
From G2040; occupation; by implication profit, pains.
that thou mayest be delivered 525
{0525} Prime
ἀπαλλάσσω
apallasso
{ap-al-las'-so}
From G0575 and G0236; to change away, that is, release, (reflexively) remove.
z5771
<5771> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 9
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
him; 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
lest 3379
{3379} Prime
μήποτε
mepote
{may'-pot-eh}
From G3361 and G4218; not ever; also if (or lest) ever (or perhaps).
he hale 2694
{2694} Prime
κατασύρω
katasuro
{kat-as-oo'-ro}
From G2596 and G4951; to drag down, that is, arrest judicially.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
thee 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
judge, 2923
{2923} Prime
κριτής
krites
{kree-tace'}
From G2919; a judge (generally or specifically).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
judge 2923
{2923} Prime
κριτής
krites
{kree-tace'}
From G2919; a judge (generally or specifically).
deliver 3860
{3860} Prime
παραδίδωμι
paradidomi
{par-ad-id'-o-mee}
From G3844 and G1325; to surrender, that is, yield up, intrust, transmit.
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
thee 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
officer, 4233
{4233} Prime
πράκτωρ
praktor
{prak'-tor}
From a derivative of G4238; a practiser, that is, (specifically) an official collector.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
officer 4233
{4233} Prime
πράκτωρ
praktor
{prak'-tor}
From a derivative of G4238; a practiser, that is, (specifically) an official collector.
cast 906
{0906} Prime
βάλλω
ballo
{bal'-lo}
A primary verb; to throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
thee 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
prison. 5438
{5438} Prime
φυλακή
phulake
{foo-lak-ay'}
From G5442; a guarding or (concretely guard), the act, the parson; figuratively the place, the condition, or (specifically) the time (as a division of day or night), literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 12:58

_ _ When thou goest, etc. — (See on Matthew 5:25, Matthew 5:26). The urgency of the case with them, and the necessity, for their own safety, of immediate decision, was the object of these striking words.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 12:54-59.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 12:58

When thou art going — As if he had said, And ye have not a moment to lose. For the executioners of God's vengeance are at hand. And when he hath once delivered you over to them, ye are undone for ever. Matthew 5:25.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 12:58

When thou goest with thine adversary to the magistrate, [as thou art] in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the (o) officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.

(o) To him that has to demand and gather the fines from those who were fined at the discretion of the court, people who had wrongly troubled men: moreover, the magistrate's officers make those who are condemned pay what they owe, yea and often if they are obstinate, they not only take the fine, but also imprison them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou goest:

Proverbs 25:8-9 Go not forth hastily to strive, lest [thou know not] what to do in the end thereof, when thy neighbour hath put thee to shame. ... Debate thy cause with thy neighbour [himself]; and discover not a secret to another:
Matthew 5:23-26 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee; ... Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.

give:

Luke 14:31-32 Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand? ... Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace.
Genesis 32:3-28 And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom. ... And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
1 Samuel 25:18-35 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched [corn], and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid [them] on asses. ... So David received of her hand [that] which she had brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.
Job 22:21 Acquaint now thyself with him, and be at peace: thereby good shall come unto thee.
Job 23:7 There the righteous might dispute with him; so should I be delivered for ever from my judge.
Psalms 32:6 For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters they shall not come nigh unto him.
Proverbs 6:1-5 My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, [if] thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger, ... Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand [of the hunter], and as a bird from the hand of the fowler.
Isaiah 55:6 Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:
2 Corinthians 6:2 (For he saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now [is] the accepted time; behold, now [is] the day of salvation.)
Hebrews 3:7-13 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, ... But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

the judge:

Luke 13:24-28 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. ... There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you [yourselves] thrust out.
Job 36:17-18 But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked: judgment and justice take hold [on thee]. ... Because [there is] wrath, [beware] lest he take thee away with [his] stroke: then a great ransom cannot deliver thee.
Psalms 50:22 Now consider this, ye that forget God, lest I tear [you] in pieces, and [there be] none to deliver.

into:

Matthew 18:30 And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt.
1 Peter 3:19 By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;
Revelation 20:7 And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 32:3. 1S 25:18. Jb 22:21; 23:7; 36:17. Ps 32:6; 50:22. Pv 6:1; 25:8. Is 55:6. Mt 5:23; 18:30. Lk 13:24; 14:31. 2Co 6:2. He 3:7. 1P 3:19. Rv 20:7.

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