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Luke 12:56 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye hypocrites, ye know how to interpret the face of the earth and the heaven; but how is it that ye know not how to interpret this time?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Ye] hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; but how is it that ye do not discern this time?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You hypocrites! You know how to analyze the appearance of the earth and the sky, but why do you not analyze this present time?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Ye] hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky, and of the earth; but how is it, that ye do not discern this time?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hypocrites, ye know how to judge of the appearance of the earth and of the heaven; how [is it then that] ye do not discern this time?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hypocrites! the face of the earth and of the heaven, ye know how to scan; but, this season, how know ye not to scan;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— hypocrites! the face of the earth and of the heaven ye have known to make proof of, but this time—how do ye not make proof of [it]?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You hypocrites, you know how to discern the face of the heaven and of the earth: but how is it that you do not discern this time?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ye hypocrites, ye can discerne the face of the skie, and of the earth: but how is it that yee doe not discerne this time?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— You hypocrites, the aspect of the sky and of the earth you know to distinguish; but this Time how do you not distinguish?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Ye hypocrites, ye know how to distinguish the aspect of the heavens and the earth; and why can ye not distinguish the present time?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Ye] hypocrites, 5273
{5273} Prime
ὑποκριτής
hupokrites
{hoop-ok-ree-tace'}
From G5271; an actor under an assumed character (stage player), that is, (figuratively) a dissembler ('hypocrite').
ye can 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
discern 1381
{1381} Prime
δοκιμάζω
dokimazo
{dok-im-ad'-zo}
From G1384; to test (literally or figuratively); by implication to approve.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
face 4383
{4383} Prime
πρόσωπον
prosopon
{pros'-o-pon}
From G4314 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the visage; from G3700); the front (as being towards view), that is, the countenance, aspect, appearance, surface; by implication presence, person.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sky 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth; 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
how x4459
(4459) Complement
πῶς
pos
{poce}
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
is it y4459
[4459] Standard
πῶς
pos
{poce}
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
that ye do not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
discern 1381
{1381} Prime
δοκιμάζω
dokimazo
{dok-im-ad'-zo}
From G1384; to test (literally or figuratively); by implication to approve.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
this 5126
{5126} Prime
τοῦτον
touton
{too'-ton}
Accusative, singular, masculine of G3778; this (person, as object of verb or preposition).
time? 2540
{2540} Prime
καιρός
kairos
{kahee-ros'}
Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, that is, set or proper time.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 12:56

_ _ how ... not discern, etc. — unable to perceive what a critical period that was for the Jewish Church.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 12:54-59.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 12:56

How do ye not discern this season — Of the Messiah's coming, distinguishable by so many surer signs.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye can:

1 Chronicles 12:32 And of the children of Issachar, [which were men] that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them [were] two hundred; and all their brethren [were] at their commandment.
Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.
Matthew 16:3 And in the morning, [It will be] foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowring. O [ye] hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not [discern] the signs of the times?
Matthew 24:32-33 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer [is] nigh: ... So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, [even] at the doors.

that:

Luke 19:42-44 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things [which belong] unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. ... And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
Daniel 9:24-26 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. ... And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
Haggai 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Acts 3:24-26 Yea, and all the prophets from Samuel and those that follow after, as many as have spoken, have likewise foretold of these days. ... Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities.
Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1Ch 12:32. Dn 9:24. Hg 2:7. Mal 3:1; 4:2. Mt 11:25; 16:3; 24:32. Lk 19:42. Ac 3:24. Ga 4:4.

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