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Luke 12:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But I will warn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, who after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But I will warn you whom to fear: fear the One who, after He has killed, has authority to cast into hell; yes, I tell you, fear Him!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, who after he hath killed, hath power to cast into hell; yes, I say to you, Fear him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But I will shew you whom ye shall fear: Fear him who after he has killed has authority to cast into hell; yea, I say to you, Fear *him*.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But I will suggest to you, whom ye should fear—Fear him who, after killing, hath authority to cast into gehenna,—Yea, I say unto you—Him, fear ye.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but I will show to you, whom ye may fear; Fear him who, after the killing, is having authority to cast to the gehenna; yes, I say to you, Fear ye Him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I will shew you whom you shall fear: Fear ye him who, after he hath killed, hath power to cast into hell. Yea, I say to you: Fear him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I will forewarne you whom you shall feare: Feare him, which after he hath killed, hath power to cast into hell, yea, I say vnto you, Feare him.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but I will show you whom you shall fear; Him who, after he hath killed, hath power to cast into gihana, yes, I say to you, Fear this (one).
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But I will show you, of whom to be afraid: of him who, after he hath killed, hath authority to cast into hell. Yea, say I to you: be afraid of him.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I will forewarn 5263
{5263} Prime
ὑποδείκνυμι
hupodeiknumi
{hoop-od-ike'-noo-mee}
From G5259 and G1166; to exhibit under the eyes, (figuratively) to exemplify (instruct, admonish).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
whom 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
ye shall fear: 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z5680
<5680> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 15
Fear 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z5676
<5676> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 29
him, which after y3326
[3326] Standard
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
he hath killed 615
{0615} Prime
ἀποκτείνω
apokteino
{ap-ok-ti'-no}
From G0575 and κτείνω [[kteino]] (to slay); to kill outright; figuratively to destroy.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
hath 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
power 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
to cast 1685
{1685} Prime
ἐμβάλλω
emballo
{em-bal'-lo}
From G1722 and G0906; to throw on, that is, (figuratively) subject to (eternal punishment).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
hell; 1067
{1067} Prime
γέεννα
geenna
{gheh'-en-nah}
Of Hebrew origin ([H1516] and [H2011]); valley of (the son of) Hinnom; gehenna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerusalem, used (figuratively) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment.
yea, 3483
{3483} Prime
ναί
nai
{nahee}
A primary particle of strong affirmation; yes.
I say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
Fear 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z5676
<5676> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 29
him. 5126
{5126} Prime
τοῦτον
touton
{too'-ton}
Accusative, singular, masculine of G3778; this (person, as object of verb or preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 12:4-5.


Luke 12:5

_ _ Fear Him ... Fear Him — how striking the repetition here! Only the one fear would effectually expel the other.

_ _ after he hath killed, etc. — Learn here —

(1)_ _ To play false with one’s convictions to save one’s life, may fail of its end after all, for God can inflict a violent death in some other and equally formidable way.
(2)_ _ There is a hell, it seems, for the body as well as the soul; consequently, sufferings adapted to the one as well as the other.
(3)_ _ Fear of hell is a divinely authorized and needed motive of action even to Christ’s “friends.”
(4)_ _ As Christ’s meekness and gentleness were not compromised by such harsh notes as these, so those servants of Christ lack their Master’s spirit who soften down all such language to please ears “polite.” (See on Mark 9:43-48).
Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 12:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 12:5

Fear him who hath power to cast into hell — Even to his peculiar friends, Christ gives this direction. Therefore the fearing of God as having power to cast into hell, is to be pressed even on true believers.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 12:5

But I will (b) forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.

(b) He warns them of dangers that presently hang over their heads, for those that come upon one suddenly make a greater wound.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
forewarn:

Mark 13:23 But take ye heed: behold, I have foretold you all things.
1 Thessalonians 4:6 That no [man] go beyond and defraud his brother in [any] matter: because that the Lord [is] the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.

Fear:

Proverbs 14:26 In the fear of the LORD [is] strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge.
Jeremiah 5:22 Fear ye not me? saith the LORD: will ye not tremble at my presence, which have placed the sand [for] the bound of the sea by a perpetual decree, that it cannot pass it: and though the waves thereof toss themselves, yet can they not prevail; though they roar, yet can they not pass over it?
Jeremiah 10:7 Who would not fear thee, O King of nations? for to thee doth it appertain: forasmuch as among all the wise [men] of the nations, and in all their kingdoms, [there is] none like unto thee.
Revelation 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

power:

Psalms 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, [and] all the nations that forget God.
Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
Matthew 25:46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
Revelation 20:14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 9:17. Pv 14:26. Jr 5:22; 10:7. Mt 10:28; 25:41, 46. Mk 13:23. 1Th 4:6. 2P 2:4. Rv 14:7; 15:4; 20:14.

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