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Luke 12:49 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I came to cast fire upon the earth; and what do I desire, if it is already kindled?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I have come to cast fire upon the earth; and how I wish it were already kindled!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I am come to send fire on the earth, and what will I, if it is already kindled?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I have come to cast a fire on the earth; and what will I if already it has been kindled?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Fire, came I to cast upon the earth,—and what can I wish, if, already, it hath been, kindled?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Fire I came to cast to the earth, and what will I if already it was kindled?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I am come to cast fire on the earth. And what will I, but that it be kindled?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I am come to send fire on the earth, and what will I, if it be already kindled?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— FIRE have I come to send forth upon the earth, and I would that it already burned:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I have come to cast fire on the earth; and I would, that it already burned.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I am come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
to send 906
{0906} Prime
βάλλω
ballo
{bal'-lo}
A primary verb; to throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
fire 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
on 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth; 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
will x2309
(2309) Complement
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
I, y2309
[2309] Standard
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
it be y381
[0381] Standard
ἀνάπτω
anapto
{an-ap'-to}
From G0303 and G0681; to enkindle.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
already 2235
{2235} Prime
ἤδη
ede
{ay'-day}
Apparently from G2228 (or possibly G2229) and G1211; even now.
kindled? 381
{0381} Prime
ἀνάπτω
anapto
{an-ap'-to}
From G0303 and G0681; to enkindle.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 12:49-53

_ _ to send — cast.

_ _ fire — “the higher spiritual element of life which Jesus came to introduce into this earth (compare Matthew 3:11), with reference to its mighty effects in quickening all that is akin to it and destroying all that is opposed. To cause this element of life to take up its abode on earth, and wholly to pervade human hearts with its warmth, was the lofty destiny of the Redeemer” [Olshausen: so Calvin, Stier, Alford, etc.].

_ _ what will I, etc. — an obscure expression, uttered under deep and half-smothered emotion. In its general import all are agreed; but the nearest to the precise meaning seems to be, “And what should I have to desire if it were once already kindled?” [Bengel and Bloomfield].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 12:41-53.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 12:49

I am come to send fire — To spread the fire of heavenly love over all the earth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 12:49

(13) I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?

(13) The gospel is the only reason of peace between the godly, and so it is the occasion of great trouble among the wicked.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
come:

Luke 12:51-52 Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, Nay; but rather division: ... For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three.
Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Joel 2:30-31 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. ... The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
Malachi 3:2-3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he [is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: ... And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
Matthew 3:10-12 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. ... Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.

and:

Luke 11:53-54 And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge [him] vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things: ... Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.
Luke 13:31-33 The same day there came certain of the Pharisees, saying unto him, Get thee out, and depart hence: for Herod will kill thee. ... Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and the [day] following: for it cannot be that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem.
Luke 19:39-40 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples. ... And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
John 9:4 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
John 11:8-10 [His] disciples say unto him, Master, the Jews of late sought to stone thee; and goest thou thither again? ... But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.
John 12:17-19 The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record. ... The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 11:4. Jol 2:30. Mal 3:2; 4:1. Mt 3:10. Lk 11:53; 12:51; 13:31; 19:39. Jn 9:4; 11:8; 12:17.

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