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Luke 12:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if he shall come in the second watch, and if in the third, and find [them] so blessed are those [servants].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find [them] so, blessed are those servants.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Whether he comes in the second watch, or even in the third, and finds [them] so, blessed are those [slaves].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find [them] so, blessed are those servants.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if he come in the second watch, and come in the third watch, and find [them] thus, blessed are those [bondmen].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, if, in the second, or if, in the third, watch, he come and find, thus, happy, are, they!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if he may come in the second watch, and in the third watch he may come, and may find [it] so, happy are those servants.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if he shall come in the second watch or come in the third watch and find them so, blessed are those servants.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find them so, blessed are those seruants.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And if in the second or the third watch he shall come and find them thus, blessed will be those servants.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if in the second watch, or in the third, he shall come and so find [them], happy are those servants.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
if 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
he shall come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
second 1208
{1208} Prime
δεύτερος
deuteros
{dyoo'-ter-os}
As the compound of G1417; (ordinal) second (in time, place or rank; also adverbially).
watch, 5438
{5438} Prime
φυλακή
phulake
{foo-lak-ay'}
From G5442; a guarding or (concretely guard), the act, the parson; figuratively the place, the condition, or (specifically) the time (as a division of day or night), literally or figuratively.
or 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
third 5154
{5154} Prime
τρίτος
tritos
{tree'-tos}
From G5140; third; neuter (as noun) a third part, or (as adverb) a (or the) third time, thirdly.
watch, 5438
{5438} Prime
φυλακή
phulake
{foo-lak-ay'}
From G5442; a guarding or (concretely guard), the act, the parson; figuratively the place, the condition, or (specifically) the time (as a division of day or night), literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
find 2147
{2147} Prime
εὑρίσκω
heurisko
{hyoo-ris'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary word εὕρω [[heuro]], {hyoo'-ro}; which (together with another cognate form, εὑρέω [[heureo]], {hyoo-reh'-o}) is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect; to find (literally or figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
[them] so, 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
blessed 3107
{3107} Prime
μακάριος
makarios
{mak-ar'-ee-os}
A prolonged form of the poetical μάκαρ [[makar]] (meaning the same); supremely blest; by extension fortunate, well off.
are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
those 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
servants. 1401
{1401} Prime
δοῦλος
doulos
{doo'-los}
From G1210; a slave (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily; frequently therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subserviency).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 12:35-40.


Luke 12:38

_ _ second ... third watch — To find them ready to receive Him at any hour of day or night, when one might least of all expect Him, is peculiarly blessed. A servant may be truly faithful, even though taken so far unawares that he has not everything in such order and readiness for his master’s return as he thinks is due to him, and both could and would have had if he had had notice of the time of his coming, and so may not be willing to open to him “immediately,” but fly to preparation, and let his master knock again ere he admit him, and even then not with full joy. A too common case this with Christians. But if the servant have himself and all under his charge in such a state that at any hour when his master knocks, he can open to him “immediately,” and hail his “return” — that is the most enviable, “blessed” servant of all.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 12:22-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 12:38

The Jews frequently divided the night into three watches, to which our Lord seems here to allude.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 25:6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him.
1 Thessalonians 5:4-5 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief. ... Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
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Mt 25:6. 1Th 5:4.

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