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Luke 10:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And by chance a certain priest was going down that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And by chance a priest was going down on that road, and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And by chance there came down a certain priest that way; and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And a certain priest happened to go down that way, and seeing him, passed on on the opposite side;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, by chance, a certain priest, was coming down by that road, and, seeing him, passed by, on the opposite side.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And by a coincidence a certain priest was going down in that way, and having seen him, he passed over on the opposite side;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And by chaunce there came downe a certaine Priest that way, and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And a certain priest happened to go down by that way, and he saw him and passed over.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And a certain priest went down by that way; and he saw him, and passed on.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
by 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
chance 4795
{4795} Prime
συγκυρία
sugkuria
{soong-koo-ree'-ah}
From a compound of G4862 and κυρέω [[kureo]] (to light or happen; from the base of G2962); concurrence, that is, accident.
there came down 2597
{2597} Prime
καταβαίνω
katabaino
{kat-ab-ah'-ee-no}
From G2596 and the base of G0939; to descend (literally or figuratively).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
a certain 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
priest 2409
{2409} Prime
ἱερεύς
hiereus
{hee-er-yooce'}
From G2413; a priest (literally or figuratively).
x1722
(1722) Complement
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
that 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
way: 3598
{3598} Prime
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when he saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
he passed by on the other side. 492
{0492} Prime
ἀντιπαρέρχομαι
antiparerchomai
{an-tee-par-er'-khom-ahee}
From G0473 and G3928; to go along opposite.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 10:31-32

_ _ came down a ... priest ... and a Levite — Jericho, the second city of Judea, was a city of the priests and Levites, and thousands of them lived there. The two here mentioned are supposed, apparently, to be returning from temple duties, but they had not learnt what that meaneth, ‘I will have mercy and not sacrifice’ [Trench].

_ _ saw him — It was not inadvertently that he acted.

_ _ came and looked — a further aggravation.

_ _ passed by — although the law expressly required the opposite treatment even of the beast not only of their brethren, but of their enemy (Deuteronomy 22:4; Exodus 23:4, Exodus 23:5; compare Isaiah 58:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 10:25-37.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 10:31

The common translation is, by chance — Which is full of gross improprieties. For if we speak strictly, there is no such thing in the universe as either chance or fortune. A certain priest came down that way, and passed by on the other side — And both he and the Levite no doubt could find an excuse for passing over on the other side, and might perhaps gravely thank God for their own deliverance, while they left their brother bleeding to death. Is it not an emblem of many living characters, perhaps of some who bear the sacred office? O house of Levi and of Aaron, is not the day coming, when the virtues of heathens and Samaritans will rise up in judgment against you?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
by:

Ruth 2:3 And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field [belonging] unto Boaz, who [was] of the kindred of Elimelech.
*marg.
2 Samuel 1:6 And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him.
Ecclesiastes 9:11 I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race [is] not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.

priest:

Jeremiah 5:31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love [to have it] so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?
Hosea 5:1 Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment [is] toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.
Hosea 6:9 And as troops of robbers wait for a man, [so] the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness.
Malachi 1:10 Who [is there] even among you that would shut the doors [for nought]? neither do ye kindle [fire] on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.

he passed:

Job 6:14-21 To him that is afflicted pity [should be shewed] from his friend; but he forsaketh the fear of the Almighty. ... For now ye are nothing; ye see [my] casting down, and are afraid.
Psalms 38:10-11 My heart panteth, my strength faileth me: as for the light of mine eyes, it also is gone from me. ... My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off.
Psalms 69:20 Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked [for some] to take pity, but [there was] none; and for comforters, but I found none.
Psalms 142:4 I looked on [my] right hand, and beheld, but [there was] no man that would know me: refuge failed me; no man cared for my soul.
Proverbs 21:13 Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.
Proverbs 24:11-12 If thou forbear to deliver [them that are] drawn unto death, and [those that are] ready to be slain; ... If thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider [it]? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth [not] he know [it]? and shall [not] he render to [every] man according to his works?
James 2:13-16 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment. ... And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?
1 John 3:16-18 Hereby perceive we the love [of God], because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down [our] lives for the brethren. ... My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ru 2:3. 2S 1:6. Jb 6:14. Ps 38:10; 69:20; 142:4. Pv 21:13; 24:11. Ec 9:11. Jr 5:31. Ho 5:1; 6:9. Mal 1:10. Jm 2:13. 1Jn 3:16.

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