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Luke 1:79 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— To shine upon them that sit in darkness and the shadow of death; To guide our feet into the way of peace.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— TO SHINE UPON THOSE WHO SIT IN DARKNESS AND THE SHADOW OF DEATH, To guide our feet into the way of peace.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shades of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to shine upon them who were sitting in darkness and in [the] shadow of death, to guide our feet into [the] way of peace.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To shine on them who, in the darkness and shade of death, are sitting, to guide our feet into a way of peace.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To give light to those sitting in darkness and death-shade, To guide our feet to a way of peace.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To enlighten them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death: to direct our feet into the way of peace.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To giue light to them that sit in darknes, and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— To illumine those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death. And to direct our feet into the way of peace.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— to give light to them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death; and to guide our feet into the way of peace.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To give light 2014
{2014} Prime
ἐπιφαίνω
epiphaino
{ep-ee-fah'-ee-no}
From G1909 and G5316; to shine upon, that is, become (literally) visible or (figuratively) known.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
to them that sit 2521
{2521} Prime
κάθημαι
kathemai
{kath'-ay-mahee}
From G2596 and ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476); to sit down; figuratively to remain, reside.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
darkness 4655
{4655} Prime
σκότος
skotos
{skot'-os}
From the base of G4639; shadiness, that is, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[in] the shadow 4639
{4639} Prime
σκιά
skia
{skee'-ah}
Apparently a primary word; 'shade' or a shadow (literally or figuratively [darkness of error or an adumbration]).
of death, 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
to guide 2720
{2720} Prime
κατευθύνω
kateuthuno
{kat-yoo-thoo'-no}
From G2590 and G2116; to straighten fully, that is, (figuratively) direct.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
feet 4228
{4228} Prime
πούς
pous
{pooce}
A primary word; a 'foot' (figuratively or literally).
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the way 3598
{3598} Prime
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
of peace. 1515
{1515} Prime
εἰρήνη
eirene
{i-ray'-nay}
Probably from a primary verb εἴρω [[eiro]] (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication prosperity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:68-79.


Luke 1:76-79

_ _ Here are the dying echoes of this song; and very beautiful are these closing notes — like the setting sun, shorn indeed of its noontide radiance, but skirting the horizon with a wavy and quivering light — as of molten gold — on which the eye delights to gaze, till it disappears from the view. The song passes not here from Christ to John, but only from Christ direct to Christ as heralded by His forerunner.

_ _ thou child — not “my son” — this child’s relation to himself being lost in his relation to a Greater than either.

_ _ prophet of the Highest; for thou shalt go before him — that is, “the Highest.” As “the Most High” is an epithet in Scripture only of the supreme God, it is inconceivable that inspiration should apply this term, as here undeniably, to Christ, unless He were “God over all blessed for ever” (Romans 9:5).


Luke 1:79

_ _ (Compare Isaiah 9:2; Matthew 4:13-17). “That St. Luke, of all the Evangelists, should have obtained and recorded these inspired utterances of Zacharias and Mary — is in accordance with his character and habits, as indicated in Luke 1:1-4” [Webster and Wilkinson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:67-80.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 1:79

To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the (q) way of peace.

(q) Into the way which leads us to true happiness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
give:

Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
Isaiah 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
Isaiah 42:7 To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, [and] them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.
Isaiah 42:16 And I will bring the blind by a way [that] they knew not; I will lead them in paths [that] they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
Isaiah 49:9 That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places.
Isaiah 60:1-3 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. ... And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.
John 1:9 [That] was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
John 9:5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
Ephesians 5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light:
1 Thessalonians 5:4-5 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief. ... Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
1 John 1:5-7 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. ... But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

and:

Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
Job 10:22 A land of darkness, as darkness [itself; and] of the shadow of death, without any order, and [where] the light [is] as darkness.
Psalms 23:4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou [art] with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
Psalms 44:19 Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.
Psalms 107:10 Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, [being] bound in affliction and iron;
Psalms 107:14 He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and brake their bands in sunder.
Jeremiah 2:6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?

to guide:

Psalms 25:8-10 Good and upright [is] the LORD: therefore will he teach sinners in the way. ... All the paths of the LORD [are] mercy and truth unto such as keep his covenant and his testimonies.
Psalms 25:12 What man [is] he that feareth the LORD? him shall he teach in the way [that] he shall choose.
Psalms 85:10-13 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed [each other]. ... Righteousness shall go before him; and shall set [us] in the way of his steps.
Proverbs 3:17 Her ways [are] ways of pleasantness, and all her paths [are] peace.
Proverbs 8:20 I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment:
Isaiah 48:17 Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I [am] the LORD thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way [that] thou shouldest go.
Isaiah 48:22 [There is] no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked.
Isaiah 57:19-21 I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to [him that is] far off, and to [him that is] near, saith the LORD; and I will heal him. ... [There is] no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.
Isaiah 59:8 The way of peace they know not; and [there is] no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.
Jeremiah 6:16 Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where [is] the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk [therein].
Matthew 11:28-29 Come unto me, all [ye] that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. ... Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
Romans 3:17 And the way of peace have they not known:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 3:5; 10:22. Ps 23:4; 25:8, 12; 44:19; 85:10; 107:10, 14. Pv 3:17; 8:20. Is 9:2; 42:7, 16; 48:17, 22; 49:6, 9; 57:19; 59:8; 60:1. Jr 2:6; 6:16. Mt 4:16; 11:28. Lk 2:32. Jn 1:9; 8:12; 9:5; 12:46. Ac 26:18. Ro 3:17. Ep 5:8. 1Th 5:4. 1Jn 1:5.

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