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Luke 1:78 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Because of the tender mercy of our God, Whereby the dayspring from on high shall visit us,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Because of the tender mercy of our God, With which the Sunrise from on high will visit us,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Through the tender mercy of our God; by which the day-spring from on high hath visited us,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— on account of [the] bowels of mercy of our God; wherein [the] dayspring from on high has visited us,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because of the yearning compassion of the mercy of our God, wherein shall visit us a day-dawn from on high,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Through the tender mercies of our God, In which the rising from on high did look upon us,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Through the bowels of the mercy of our God, in which the Orient from on high hath visited us:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Through the tender mercy of our God, whereby the day-spring from on high hath visited vs,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Through the compassions of the grace of our Aloha; Whereby the morn-splendour shall visit us from on high,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— through the compassion of the mercy of our God; whereby the day-spring from on high will visit us,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the tender y4698
[4698] Standard
σπλάγχνον
splagchnon
{splangkh'-non}
Probably strengthened from σπλήν [[splen]] (the 'spleen'); an intestine (plural); figuratively pity or sympathy.
mercy 1656
{1656} Prime
ἔλεος
eleos
{el'-eh-os}
Of uncertain affinity; compassion (human or divine, especially active).
x4698
(4698) Complement
σπλάγχνον
splagchnon
{splangkh'-non}
Probably strengthened from σπλήν [[splen]] (the 'spleen'); an intestine (plural); figuratively pity or sympathy.
of our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
God; 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
whereby 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
the dayspring 395
{0395} Prime
ἀνατολή
anatole
{an-at-ol-ay'}
From G0393; a rising of light, that is, dawn (figuratively); by implication the east (also in plural).
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
on high 5311
{5311} Prime
ὕψος
hupsos
{hoop'-sos}
From a derivative of G5228; elevation, that is, (abstractly) altitude, (specifically) the sky, or (figuratively) dignity.
hath visited 1980
{1980} Prime
ἐπισκέπτομαι
episkeptomai
{ep-ee-skep'-tom-ahee}
Middle voice from G1909 and the base of G4649; to inspect, that is, (by implication) to select; by extension to go to see, relieve.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
us, 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:68-79.


Luke 1:76-79

_ _ Here are the dying echoes of this song; and very beautiful are these closing notes — like the setting sun, shorn indeed of its noontide radiance, but skirting the horizon with a wavy and quivering light — as of molten gold — on which the eye delights to gaze, till it disappears from the view. The song passes not here from Christ to John, but only from Christ direct to Christ as heralded by His forerunner.

_ _ thou child — not “my son” — this child’s relation to himself being lost in his relation to a Greater than either.

_ _ prophet of the Highest; for thou shalt go before him — that is, “the Highest.” As “the Most High” is an epithet in Scripture only of the supreme God, it is inconceivable that inspiration should apply this term, as here undeniably, to Christ, unless He were “God over all blessed for ever” (Romans 9:5).


Luke 1:78

_ _ Through the tender mercy of our God — the sole spring, necessarily, of all salvation for sinners.

_ _ dayspring from on high — either Christ Himself, as the “Sun of righteousness” (Malachi 4:2), arising on a dark world [Beza, Grotius, Calvin, Deuteronomy Wette, Olshausen, etc.], or the light which He sheds. The sense, of course, is one.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:67-80.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 1:78

The day spring — Or the rising sun; that is, Christ.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 1:78

Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the (p) dayspring from on high hath visited us,

(p) Or "bud", or "branch"; he alludes to (Jeremiah 23:5) (Zechariah 3:8; Zechariah 6:12); and he is called a bud from on high, that is, sent from God unto us, and not as other buds which bud out of the earth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
tender:
or, bowels of the,
Psalms 25:6 Remember, O LORD, thy tender mercies and thy lovingkindnesses; for they [have been] ever of old.
Isaiah 63:7 I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, [and] the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.
Isaiah 63:15 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where [is] thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Ephesians 2:4-5 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, ... Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
Philippians 1:8 For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.
Philippians 2:1 If [there be] therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies,
Colossians 3:12 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering;
1 John 3:17 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?
1 John 4:9-10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. ... Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.

dayspring:
or, sun-rising, or branch,
Numbers 24:17 I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Zechariah 3:8 Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they [are] men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.
Zechariah 6:12 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD:
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 24:17. Ps 25:6. Is 11:1; 63:7, 15. Zc 3:8; 6:12. Mal 4:2. Jn 3:16. Ep 2:4. Php 1:8; 2:1. Col 3:12. 1Jn 3:17; 4:9. Rv 22:16.

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