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Luke 1:52 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He hath put down princes from [their] thrones, And hath exalted them of low degree.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He hath put down the mighty from [their] seats, and exalted them of low degree.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He has brought down rulers from [their] thrones, And has exalted those who were humble.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He hath put down the mighty from [their] seats, and exalted them of low degree.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He has put down rulers from thrones, and exalted the lowly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He hath deposed potentates from thrones, and uplifted the lowly;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He brought down the mighty from thrones, And He exalted the lowly,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He hath put down the mighty from their seat and hath exalted the humble.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He hath put downe the mighty from their seates, and exalted them of low degree.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— He hath overturned the mighty from their thrones, And hath exalted the humble.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— He hath cast down the mighty from their thrones, and hath exalted the lowly.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He hath put down 2507
{2507} Prime
καθαιρέω
kathaireo
{kath-ahee-reh'-o}
From G2596 and G0138 (including its alternate); to lower (or with violence) demolish (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the mighty 1413
{1413} Prime
δυνάστης
dunastes
{doo-nas'-tace}
From G1410; a ruler or officer.
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
[their] seats, 2362
{2362} Prime
θρόνος
thronos
{thron'-os}
From θράω [[thrao]] (to sit); a stately seat ('throne'); by implication power or (concretely) a potentate.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
exalted 5312
{5312} Prime
ὑψόω
hupsoo
{hoop-so'-o}
From G5311; to elevate (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them of low degree. 5011
{5011} Prime
ταπεινός
tapeinos
{tap-i-nos'}
Of uncertain derivation; depressed, that is, (figuratively) humiliated (in circumstances or disposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:46-55.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:39-56.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 1:52

He hath put down the mighty — Both angels and men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 1:52

He hath (y) put down the mighty from [their] seats, and exalted them of (z) low degree.

(y) The mighty and rich men.

(z) Those of no account, who are vile in men's eyes, who are indeed the poor in spirit, that is, those who claim nothing of themselves in the sight of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
put:

Luke 18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified [rather] than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
1 Samuel 2:4 The bows of the mighty men [are] broken, and they that stumbled are girded with strength.
1 Samuel 2:6-8 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up. ... He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, [and] lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set [them] among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth [are] the LORD'S, and he hath set the world upon them.
Job 5:11-13 To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety. ... He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong.
Job 34:24-28 He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead. ... So that they cause the cry of the poor to come unto him, and he heareth the cry of the afflicted.
Psalms 107:40-41 He poureth contempt upon princes, and causeth them to wander in the wilderness, [where there is] no way. ... Yet setteth he the poor on high from affliction, and maketh [him] families like a flock.
Psalms 113:6-8 Who humbleth [himself] to behold [the things that are] in heaven, and in the earth! ... That he may set [him] with princes, [even] with the princes of his people.
Ecclesiastes 4:14 For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also [he that is] born in his kingdom becometh poor.
Ezekiel 17:24 And all the trees of the field shall know that I the LORD have brought down the high tree, have exalted the low tree, have dried up the green tree, and have made the dry tree to flourish: I the LORD have spoken and have done [it].
Amos 9:11 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old:
Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him.
James 1:9-10 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted: ... But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.
James 4:10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 2:4, 6. Jb 5:11; 34:24. Ps 107:40; 113:6. Ec 4:14. Ezk 17:24. Am 9:11. Mk 6:3. Lk 18:14. Jm 1:9; 4:10.

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