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Luke 1:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favored, the Lord [is] with thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, [thou that art] highly favoured, the Lord [is] with thee: blessed [art] thou among women.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And coming in, he said to her, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord [is] with you.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the angel came to her, and said, Hail, [thou that art] highly favored, the Lord [is] with thee: blessed [art] thou among women.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the angel came in to her, and said, Hail, [thou] favoured one! the Lord [is] with thee: [blessed art *thou* amongst women].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and entering in unto her, he said—Joy to thee, favoured one! The Lord, be with thee!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the messenger having come in unto her, said, 'Hail, favoured one, the Lord [is] with thee; blessed [art] thou among women;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Angel came in vnto her, and said, Haile [thou that art] highly fauoured, the Lord is with thee: Blessed art thou among women.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the angel entered to her, and said to her, Peace to thee, full of grace! our Lord is with thee, thou blessed among women!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the angel entered the house, and said to her: Peace to thee, thou full of grace! The Lord is with thee: and blessed art thou among women.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
angel 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
came in 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
her, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Hail, 5463
{5463} Prime
χαίρω
chairo
{khah'-ee-ro}
A primary verb; to be full of 'cheer', that is, calmly happy or well off; impersonal especially as a salutation (on meeting or parting), be well.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
[thou that art] highly favoured, 5487
{5487} Prime
χαριτόω
charitoo
{khar-ee-to'-o}
From G5485; to grace, that is, indue with special honor.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
[is] with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
thee: 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
blessed 2127
{2127} Prime
εὐλογέω
eulogeo
{yoo-log-eh'-o}
From a compound of G2095 and G3056; to speak well of, that is, (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
[art] thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
women. 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 1:28

_ _ highly favoured — a word only once used elsewhere (Ephesians 1:6, “made accepted”): compare Luke 1:30, “Thou hast found favor with God.” The mistake of the Vulgate’s rendering, “full of grace,” has been taken abundant advantage of by the Romish Church. As the mother of our Lord, she was the most “blessed among women” in external distinction; but let them listen to the Lord’s own words. “Nay, rather blessed are they that hear the word of God and keep it.” (See on Luke 11:27).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:26-38.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 1:28

Hail, thou highly favoured; the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women — Hail is the salutation used by our Lord to the women after his resurrection: thou art highly favoured, or hast found favour with God, Luke 1:30, is no more than was said of Noah, Moses, and David. The Lord is with thee, was said to Gideon, Judges 6:12; and blessed shall she be above women, of Jael, Judges 5:24. This salutation gives no room for any pretence of paying adoration to the virgin; as having no appearance of a prayer, or of worship offered to her.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 1:28

And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, [thou that art] (z) highly favoured, the Lord [is] with thee: (a) blessed [art] thou among women.

(z) It might be literally rendered, "full of favour and grace", and he shows immediately after, laying out plainly unto us, what that favour is in that he says, "The Lord is with thee".

(a) Of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hail:

Daniel 9:21-23 Yea, whiles I [was] speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. ... At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew [thee]; for thou [art] greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
Daniel 10:19 And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace [be] unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me.

highly favoured:
or, graciously accepted, or much graced,
Luke 1:30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.
Hosea 14:2 Take with you words, and turn to the LORD: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive [us] graciously: so will we render the calves of our lips.
Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

the Lord:

Judges 6:12 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD [is] with thee, thou mighty man of valour.
Isaiah 43:5 Fear not: for I [am] with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west;
Jeremiah 1:18-19 For, behold, I have made thee this day a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land. ... And they shall fight against thee; but they shall not prevail against thee; for I [am] with thee, saith the LORD, to deliver thee.
Acts 18:10 For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city.

blessed:

Luke 1:42 And she spake out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed [art] thou among women, and blessed [is] the fruit of thy womb.
Luke 11:27-28 And it came to pass, as he spake these things, a certain woman of the company lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed [is] the womb that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast sucked. ... But he said, Yea rather, blessed [are] they that hear the word of God, and keep it.
Judges 5:24 Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be, blessed shall she be above women in the tent.
Proverbs 31:29-31 Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all. ... Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates.
Matthew 12:48 But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?
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Jg 5:24; 6:12. Pv 31:29. Is 43:5. Jr 1:18. Dn 9:21; 10:19. Ho 14:2. Mt 12:48. Lk 1:30, 42; 11:27. Ac 18:10. Ep 1:6.

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