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Luke 1:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name [was] Mary.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name [was] Mary.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name [was] Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name [was] Mary.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— unto a virgin, betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and, the name of the virgin, was, Mary;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to a virgin, betrothed to a man, whose name [is] Joseph, of the house of David, and the name of the virgin [is] Mary.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David: and the virgin's name was Mary.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To a virgine espoused to a man whose name was Ioseph, of the house of Dauid, and the virgins name was Marie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— unto a Virgin espoused to a man whose name was Jauseph, of the house of David, and the name of the Virgin was Mariam.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
a virgin 3933
{3933} Prime
παρθένος
parthenos
{par-then'-os}
Of unknown origin; a maiden; by implication an unmarried daughter.
espoused 3423
{3423} Prime
μνηστεύω
mnesteuo
{mnace-tyoo'-o}
From a derivative of G3415; to give a souvenir (engagement present), that is, betroth.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
to a man 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
whose 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
name 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
was Joseph, 2501
{2501} Prime
Ἰωσήφ
Ioseph
{ee-o-safe'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3130]; Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the house 3624
{3624} Prime
οἶκος
oikos
{oy'-kos}
Of uncertain affinity; a dwelling (more or less extensive, literally or figuratively); by implication a family (more or less related, literally or figuratively).
of David; 1138
{1138} Prime
Δαβίδ
Dabid
{dab-eed'}
Of Hebrew origin [H1732]; Dabid (that is, David), the Israelite king.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
virgin's 3933
{3933} Prime
παρθένος
parthenos
{par-then'-os}
Of unknown origin; a maiden; by implication an unmarried daughter.
name 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
[was] Mary. 3137
{3137} Prime
Μαρία
Maria
{mar-ee'-ah}
Of Hebrew origin [H4813]; Maria or Mariam (that is, Mirjam), the name of six Christian females.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:26-38.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 1:27

Espoused — It was customary among the Jews, for persons that married to contract before witnesses some time before. And as Christ was to be born of a pure virgin, so the wisdom of God ordered it to be of one espoused, that to prevent reproach he might have a reputed father, according to the flesh.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 1:27

To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the (y) house of David; and the virgin's name [was] Mary.

(y) The same can be said of Mary, otherwise Christ would not have been of the stock of David, nor his son.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Luke 2:4-5 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) ... To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Jeremiah 31:22 How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter? for the LORD hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man.
Matthew 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Is 7:14. Jr 31:22. Mt 1:18, 21, 23. Lk 2:4.

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