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Luke 1:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Zacharias said to the angel, “How will I know this [for certain]? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in years.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Zacharias said to the angel, By what shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife far advanced in years.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Zacharias said to the angel, How shall I know this, for *I* am an old man, and my wife advanced in years?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Zachariah said unto the messenger—Whereby, shall I know this? for, I, am, aged, and, my wife, advanced in her days.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Zacharias said unto the messenger, 'Whereby shall I know this? for I am aged, and my wife is advanced in her days?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Zachary said to the angel: Whereby shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is advanced in years.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Zacharias said vnto the Angel, Whereby shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife well striken in yeeres.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And Zakaria said to the angel, How shall I know this? for I am old, and my wife many in her days.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Zachariah said to the angel: How shall I know this? For I am old, and my wife is advanced in life.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Zacharias 2197
{2197} Prime
Ζαχαρίας
Zacharias
{dzakh-ar-ee'-as}
Of Hebrew origin [H2148]; Zacharias (that is, Zechariah), the name of two Israelites.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
angel, 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
Whereby 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
shall I know 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
this? 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
am 1510
{1510} Prime
εἰμί
eimi
{i-mee'}
First person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist (used only when emphatic).
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
an old man, 4246
{4246} Prime
πρεσβύτης
presbutes
{pres-boo'-tace}
From the same as G4245; an old man.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
wife 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
well stricken 4260
{4260} Prime
προβαίνω
probaino
{prob-ah'-ee-no}
From G4253 and the base of G0939; to walk forward, that is, advance (literally or in years).
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
years. 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 1:18

_ _ Whereby, etc. — Mary believed what was far harder without a sign. Abraham, though older, and doubtless Sarah, too, when the same promise was made to him, “staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strong in faith, giving glory to God.” This was that in which Zacharias failed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:5-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 1:18

Zacharias said, Whereby shall I know this? — In how different a spirit did he blessed virgin say, How shall this be? Zacharias disbelieved the fact: Mary had no doubt of the thing; but only inquired concerning the manner of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Whereby:

Luke 1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
Genesis 15:8 And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?
Genesis 17:17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall [a child] be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?
Genesis 18:12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?
Judges 6:36-40 And Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said, ... And God did so that night: for it was dry upon the fleece only, and there was dew on all the ground.
Isaiah 38:22 Hezekiah also had said, What [is] the sign that I shall go up to the house of the LORD?

for:

Luke 1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were [now] well stricken in years.
Numbers 11:21-23 And Moses said, The people, among whom I [am], [are] six hundred thousand footmen; and thou hast said, I will give them flesh, that they may eat a whole month. ... And the LORD said unto Moses, Is the LORD'S hand waxed short? thou shalt see now whether my word shall come to pass unto thee or not.
2 Kings 7:2 Then a lord on whose hand the king leaned answered the man of God, and said, Behold, [if] the LORD would make windows in heaven, might this thing be? And he said, Behold, thou shalt see [it] with thine eyes, but shalt not eat thereof.
Romans 4:19 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:8; 17:17; 18:12. Nu 11:21. Jg 6:36. 2K 7:2. Is 38:22. Lk 1:7, 34. Ro 4:19.

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