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Luke 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the hour of incense.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the whole multitude of the people were in prayer outside at the hour of the incense offering.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the whole multitude of the people were praying without, at the time of incense.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And all the multitude of the people were praying without at the hour of incense.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, all the throng of the people, was praying outside, at the hour of the incense offering.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and all the multitude of the people were praying without, at the hour of the perfume.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all the multitude of the people was praying without, at the hour of incense.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the whole multitude of the people were praying without, at the time of incense.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And all the congregation of the people were praying without at the time of incense.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and the whole multitude of the people were praying without, at the time of incense.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
whole 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
multitude 4128
{4128} Prime
πλῆθος
plethos
{play'-thos}
From G4130; a fulness, that is, a large number, throng, populace.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
people 2992
{2992} Prime
λαός
laos
{lah-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace).
were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
praying 4336
{4336} Prime
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
without 1854
{1854} Prime
ἔξω
exo
{ex'-o}
Adverb from G1537; out (side, of doors), literally or figuratively.
at the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
time 5610
{5610} Prime
ὥρα
hora
{ho'-rah}
Apparently a primary word; an 'hour' (literally or figuratively).
of incense. 2368
{2368} Prime
θυμίαμα
thumiama
{thoo-mee'-am-ah}
From G2370; an aroma, that is, fragrant powder burnt in religious service; by implication the burning itself.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 1:10

_ _ praying without — outside the court in front of the temple, where stood the altar of burnt offering; the men and women in separate courts, but the altar visible to all.

_ _ the time of incense — which was offered along with the morning and evening sacrifice of every day; a beautiful symbol of the acceptableness of the sacrifice offered on the altar of burnt offering, with coals from whose altar the incense was burnt (Leviticus 16:12, Leviticus 16:13). This again was a symbol of the “living sacrifice” of themselves and their services offered daily to God by the worshippers. Hence the language of Psalms 141:2; Revelation 8:3. But that the acceptance of this daily offering depended on the expiatory virtue presupposed in the burnt offering, and pointing to the one “sacrifice of a sweet-smelling savor” (Ephesians 5:2), is evident from Isaiah 6:6, Isaiah 6:7.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 1:5-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 1:10

The people were praying without, at the time of the incense — So the pious Jews constantly did. And this was the foundation of that elegant figure, by which prayer is in Scripture so often compared to incense. Perhaps one reason of ordaining incense might be, to intimate the acceptableness of the prayer that accompanied it; as well as to remind the worshippers of that sacrifice of a sweet — smelling savour, which was once to be offered to God for them, and of that incense, which is continually offered with the prayers of the saints, upon the golden altar that is before the throne, Revelation 8:3-4.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 16:17 And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy [place], until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.
Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast [our] profession.
Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, [which are] the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:
Revelation 8:3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer [it] with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 16:17. He 4:14; 9:24. Rv 8:3.

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