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Leviticus 6:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If any one sin, and commit a trespass against Jehovah, and deal falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit, or of bargain, or of robbery, or have oppressed his neighbor,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “When a person sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD, and deceives his companion in regard to a deposit or a security entrusted [to him], or through robbery, or [if] he has extorted from his companion,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If a soul shall sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie to his neighbor, in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbor;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If any one sin and act unfaithfully against Jehovah, and lie to his neighbour as to an entrusted thing or a deposit or [that in which] he hath robbed or wronged his neighbour,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When, any person, shall sin, and shall commit a trespass against Yahweh,—and shall withhold something of the truth from his neighbour, in respect of a deposit, or a pledge or anything plundered, or shall use extortion with his neighbour;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'When any person doth sin, and hath committed a trespass against Jehovah, and hath lied to his fellow concerning a deposit, or concerning fellowship, or concerning violent robbery, or hath oppressed his fellow;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Whosoever shall sin, and despising the Lord, shall deny to his neighbour the thing delivered to his keeping, which was committed to his trust; or shall by force extort any thing, or commit oppression;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If a soule sinne, and commit a trespasse against the LORD, and lie vnto his neighbour in that which was deliuered him to keepe, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceiued his neighbour:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The soul which shall have sinned, and willfully overlooked the commandments of the Lord, and shall have dealt falsely in the affairs of his neighbour in the matter of a deposit, or concerning fellowship, or concerning plunder, or has in anything wronged his neighbour,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against Yahweh, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
a soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
sin, 2398
{2398} Prime
חטא
chata'
{khaw-taw'}
A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and commit 4603
{4603} Prime
מָעַל
ma`al
{maw-al'}
A primitive root; properly to cover up; used only figuratively to act covertly, that is, treacherously.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a trespass 4604
{4604} Prime
מַעַל
ma`al
{mah'-al}
From H4608; treachery, that is, sin.
against Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and lie 3584
{3584} Prime
כָּחַשׁ
kachash
{kaw-khash'}
A primitive root; to be untrue, in word (to lie, feign, disown) or deed (to disappoint, fail, cringe).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
unto his neighbour 5997
{5997} Prime
עָמִית
`amiyth
{aw-meeth'}
From a primitive root meaning to associate; companionship; hence (concretely) a comrade or kindred man.
in that which was delivered y6487
[6487] Standard
פִּקָּדוֹן
piqqadown
{pik-kaw-done'}
From H6485; a deposit.
him to keep, x6487
(6487) Complement
פִּקָּדוֹן
piqqadown
{pik-kaw-done'}
From H6485; a deposit.
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
in fellowship, 8667
{8667} Prime
תְּשׂוּמָה
t@suwmeth
{tes-oo-meth'}
From H7760; a deposit, that is, pledging.
3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
in a thing taken away by violence, 1498
{1498} Prime
גָּזֵל
gazel
{gaw-zale'}
From H1497; robbery, or (concretely) plunder.
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
hath deceived 6231
{6231} Prime
עָשַׁק
`ashaq
{aw-shak'}
A primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, that is, oopress, defraud, violate, overflow.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his neighbour; 5997
{5997} Prime
עָמִית
`amiyth
{aw-meeth'}
From a primitive root meaning to associate; companionship; hence (concretely) a comrade or kindred man.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 6:2-7

_ _ If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the Lord — This law, the record of which should have been joined with the previous chapter, was given concerning things stolen, fraudulently gotten, or wrongfully kept. The offender was enjoined to make restitution of the articles to the rightful owner, along with a fifth part out of his own possessions. But it was not enough thus to repair the injury done to a neighbor and to society; he was required to bring a trespass offering, as a token of sorrow and penitence for having hurt the cause of religion and of God. That trespass offering was a ram without blemish, which was to be made on the altar of burnt offerings, and the flesh belonged to the priests. This penalty was equivalent to a mitigated fine; but being associated with a sacred duty, the form in which the fine was inflicted served the important purpose of rousing attention to the claims and reviving a sense of responsibility to God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 6:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 6:2

If a soul sin — This sin, though directly committed against man, is emphatically said to be done against the Lord, not only in general, for so every sin against man is also against the Lord, but in a special sense, because this was a violation of human society, whereof God is the author, and president, and defender: and because it was a secret sin, of which God alone was the witness and judge: and because God's name was abused in it by perjury. To keep — In trust. Or in fellowship — Heb. Or in putting of the hand: that is, commerce or fellowship in trading, which is very usual when one man puts any thing into another's hand, not to keep it, but to improve it for the common benefit of them both, in which cases of partnership it is easy for one to deceive the other, and therefore provision is made against it. And this is called a putting of the hand, because such agreements used to be confirmed by giving or joining their hands together. By violence — Secretly; for he seems to speak here of such sins as could not be proved by witness. Or hath deceived — Got any thing from him by calumny, or fraud, or circumvention; so the word signifies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 6:2

If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in (a) fellowship, or in a thing taken away by (b) violence, or hath deceived his neighbour;

(a) To give, and occupy for the use of him that gave it.

(b) By any deceit, or unlawful means.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
commit:

Leviticus 5:15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:
Leviticus 5:19 It [is] a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the LORD.
Numbers 5:6-8 Speak unto the children of Israel, When a man or woman shall commit any sin that men commit, to do a trespass against the LORD, and that person be guilty; ... But if the man have no kinsman to recompense the trespass unto, let the trespass be recompensed unto the LORD, [even] to the priest; beside the ram of the atonement, whereby an atonement shall be made for him.
Psalms 51:4 Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done [this] evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, [and] be clear when thou judgest.

lie:

Leviticus 19:11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.
Genesis 26:7 And the men of the place asked [him] of his wife; and he said, She [is] my sister: for he feared to say, [She is] my wife; lest, [said he], the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah; because she [was] fair to look upon.
John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Acts 5:4 Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.
Ephesians 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
Colossians 3:9 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds;
Revelation 22:15 For without [are] dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

in that:

Exodus 22:7-10 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double. ... If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing [it]:

in fellowship:
or, in dealing, Heb. in putting of the hand,
Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
Isaiah 24:16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, [even] glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
Isaiah 33:1 Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou [wast] not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; [and] when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.
Habakkuk 1:13 [Thou art] of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity: wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal treacherously, [and] holdest thy tongue when the wicked devoureth [the man that is] more righteous than he?

deceived:

Proverbs 24:28 Be not a witness against thy neighbour without cause; and deceive [not] with thy lips.
Proverbs 26:19 So [is] the man [that] deceiveth his neighbour, and saith, Am not I in sport?
Isaiah 59:13-15 In transgressing and lying against the LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood. ... Yea, truth faileth; and he [that] departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the LORD saw [it], and it displeased him that [there was] no judgment.
Jeremiah 9:5 And they will deceive every one his neighbour, and will not speak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies, [and] weary themselves to commit iniquity.
Amos 8:5 Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?
Micah 6:10-12 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure [that is] abominable? ... For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue [is] deceitful in their mouth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 26:7. Ex 22:7. Lv 5:15, 19; 19:11. Nu 5:6. Ps 51:4. Pv 24:28; 26:19. Is 21:2; 24:16; 33:1; 59:13. Jr 9:5. Am 8:5. Mi 6:10. Hab 1:13. Jn 8:44. Ac 5:4. Ep 4:25. Col 3:9. Rv 22:15.

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