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Leviticus 3:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he shall offer of the sacrifice of peace-offerings an offering made by fire unto Jehovah; the fat thereof, the fat tail entire, he shall take away hard by the backbone; and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat thereof, [and] the whole rump, it shall he take off hard by the backbone; and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that [is] upon the inwards,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘From the sacrifice of peace offerings he shall bring as an offering by fire to the LORD, its fat, the entire fat tail which he shall remove close to the backbone, and the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace-offering an offering made by fire to the LORD: its fat, [and] the whole rump, that shall he take off hard by the back-bone; and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that [is] upon the inwards,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he shall present of the sacrifice of peace-offering an offering by fire to Jehovah; the fat thereof, the whole fat tail, which he shall take off close by the backbone, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is on the inwards,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then shall he bring near, out of the peace-offering, an altar-flame unto Yahweh, the fat thereof, the fat-tail thereof entire, close to the backbone, shall he remove it,—and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And he hath brought near from the sacrifice of the peace-offerings a fire-offering to Jehovah, its fat, the whole fat tail (over-against the bone he doth turn it aside), and the fat which is covering the inwards, and all the fat which [is] on the inwards,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they shall offer of the victim of peace offerings, a sacrifice to the Lord: the fat and the whole rump,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering, an offering made by fire vnto the LORD: the fat thereof [and] the whole rumpe, it shall he take off hard by the backe bone: and the fat that couereth the inwards, and all the fat that [is] vpon the inwards.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he shall bring of the peace-offering a burnt-sacrifice to the Lord: the fat and the hinder part unblemished he shall take away with the loins, and having taken away all the fat that covers the belly, and all the fat that is on the belly,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto Yahweh; the fat thereof, [and] the whole rump, it shall he take off hard by the backbone; and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that [is] upon the inwards,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he shall offer 7126
{7126} Prime
קָרַב
qarab
{kaw-rab'}
A primitive root; to approach (causatively bring near) for whatever purpose.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
of the sacrifice 2077
{2077} Prime
זֶבַח
zebach
{zeh'-bakh}
From H2076; properly a slaughter, that is, the flesh of an animal; by implication a sacrifice (the victim or the act).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the peace offering 8002
{8002} Prime
שֶׁלֶם
shelem
{sheh'-lem}
From H7999; properly requital, that is, a (voluntary) sacrifice in thanks.
an offering made by fire 801
{0801} Prime
אִשֶּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The same as H0800, but used in a liturgical sense; properly a burnt offering; but occasionally of any sacrifice.
unto Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
the fat 2459
{2459} Prime
חֶלֶב
cheleb
{kheh'-leb}
From an unused root meaning to be fat; fat, whether literally or figuratively; hence the richest or choice part.
thereof, [and] the whole 8549
{8549} Prime
תָּמִים
tamiym
{taw-meem'}
From H8552; entire (literally, figuratively or morally); also (as noun) integrity, truth.
rump, 451
{0451} Prime
אַלְיָה
'alyah
{al-yaw'}
From H0422 (in the original sense of strength); the stout part, that is, the fat tail of the Oriental sheep.
it shall he take off 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
hard y5980
[5980] Standard
לְעֻמַּתה
`ummah
{oom-maw'}
From H6004; conjunction, that is, society; mostly adverbial or prepositional (with prepositional prefix), near, beside, along with.
by x5980
(5980) Complement
לְעֻמַּתה
`ummah
{oom-maw'}
From H6004; conjunction, that is, society; mostly adverbial or prepositional (with prepositional prefix), near, beside, along with.
the backbone; 6096
{6096} Prime
עָצֶה
`atseh
{aw-tseh'}
From H6095; the spine (as giving firmness to the body).
and the fat 2459
{2459} Prime
חֶלֶב
cheleb
{kheh'-leb}
From an unused root meaning to be fat; fat, whether literally or figuratively; hence the richest or choice part.
that covereth 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the inwards, 7130
{7130} Prime
קֶרֶב
qereb
{keh'-reb}
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the fat 2459
{2459} Prime
חֶלֶב
cheleb
{kheh'-leb}
From an unused root meaning to be fat; fat, whether literally or figuratively; hence the richest or choice part.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the inwards, 7130
{7130} Prime
קֶרֶב
qereb
{keh'-reb}
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 3:4-11.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 3:6-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 3:9

The rump — Which in sheep is fat, and sweet, and in these parts was very much larger and better than ours.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 3:9

And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering (d) an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat thereof, [and] the whole rump, it shall he take off hard by the backbone; and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that [is] upon the inwards,

(d) The burnt offering was completely consumed, and of the offering made by fire only the inner parts were burnt: the shoulder and breast, with the two jaws and the stomach were the priests, and the rest his that offered.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the fat:

Leviticus 3:3-4 And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that [is] upon the inwards, ... And the two kidneys, and the fat that [is] on them, which [is] by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away.
Proverbs 23:26 My son, give me thine heart, and let thine eyes observe my ways.
Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

the whole rump:
To what has already been said on the tails of eastern sheep, we may add the testimony of Ludolf, who states that they are so very large, some of them weighing from twelve to fourteen pounds, "that the owners are obliged to tie a little cart behind them, whereupon they put the tail of the sheep, as well for the convenience of carriage, and to ease the poor creatures, as to preserve the wool from dirt, and the tail from being torn among the bushes and stones." The same is testified by Dr. Russell, who says, "In some other places where they feed in the fields, the shepherds are obliged to fix a piece of thin board to the under part of the tail, to prevent its being torn by bushes, thistles, etc., as it is not covered underneath with thick wool, like the upper part; and some have small wheels to facilitate the dragging of the board after them."
Leviticus 7:3 And he shall offer of it all the fat thereof; the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards,
Leviticus 8:25 And he took the fat, and the rump, and all the fat that [was] upon the inwards, and the caul [above] the liver, and the two kidneys, and their fat, and the right shoulder:
Leviticus 9:19 And the fat of the bullock and of the ram, the rump, and that which covereth [the inwards], and the kidneys, and the caul [above] the liver:
Exodus 29:22 Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul [above] the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that [is] upon them, and the right shoulder; for it [is] a ram of consecration:
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Ex 29:22. Lv 3:3; 7:3; 8:25; 9:19. Pv 23:26. Is 53:10.

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