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Leviticus 25:35 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if thy brother be waxed poor, and his hand fail with thee; then thou shalt uphold him: [as] a stranger and a sojourner shall he live with thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: [yea, though he be] a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Now in case a countryman of yours becomes poor and his means with regard to you falter, then you are to sustain him, like a stranger or a sojourner, that he may live with you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if thy brother shall have become poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: [yea, though he] may [be] a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if thy brother grow poor, and he be fallen into decay beside thee, then thou shalt relieve him, [be he] stranger or sojourner, that he may live beside thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when thy brother waxeth poor, and his hand becometh feeble with thee, then shalt thou strengthen him, as a sojourner and a settler, so shall he live with thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And when thy brother is become poor, and his hand hath failed with thee, then thou hast kept hold on him, sojourner and settler, and he hath lived with thee;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If thy brother be impoverished, and weak of hand, and thou receive him as a stranger and sojourner, and he live with thee:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if thy brother bee waxen poore, and fallen in decay with thee, then thou shalt relieue him, [yea though he be] a stranger, or a soiourner, that hee may liue with thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if thy brother who is with thee become poor, and he fail in resources with thee, thou shalt help him as a stranger and a sojourner, and thy brother shall live with thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: [yea, though he be] a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thy brother 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
be waxen poor, 4134
{4134} Prime
מוּךְ
muwk
{mook}
A primitive root; to become thin, that is, (figuratively) be impoverished.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and fallen in decay 4131
{4131} Prime
מוֹט
mowt
{mote}
A primitive root; to waver; by implication to slip, shake, fall.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x3027
(3027) Complement
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
thee; y3027
[3027] Standard
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
then thou shalt relieve 2388
{2388} Prime
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
him: [yea, though he be] a stranger, 1616
{1616} Prime
גֵּר
ger
{gare}
From H1481; properly a guest; by implication a foreigner.
or a sojourner; 8453
{8453} Prime
תּוֹשָׁב
towshab
{to-shawb'}
(The second form used in 1 Kings 17:1); from H3427; a dweller (but not outlandish, H5237); especially (as distinguished from a native citizen (active participle of H3427) and a temporary inmate, H1616, or mere lodger, H3885) resident alien.
that he may live y2416
[2416] Standard
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
x2421
(2421) Complement
חָיַה
chayah
{khaw-yaw'}
A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 25:35-38

_ _ if thy brother be waxen poor, ... relieve him — This was a most benevolent provision for the poor and unfortunate, designed to aid them or alleviate the evils of their condition. Whether a native Israelite or a mere sojourner, his richer neighbor was required to give him food, lodging, and a supply of money without usury. Usury was severely condemned (Psalms 15:5; Ezekiel 18:8, Ezekiel 18:17), but the prohibition cannot be considered as applicable to the modern practice of men in business, borrowing and lending at legal rates of interest.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 25:23-38.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 25:35

A sojourner — Understand it of proselytes only, for of other strangers they were permitted to take usury, Deuteronomy 23:20.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 25:35

And if thy brother be waxen poor, and (r) fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: [yea, though he be] a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.

(r) In Hebrew it is, if his hand shake: meaning if he stretch forth his hand for help as one in misery.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thy brother:

Leviticus 25:25 If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away [some] of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold.
Deuteronomy 15:7-8 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: ... But thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt surely lend him sufficient for his need, [in that] which he wanteth.
Proverbs 14:20-21 The poor is hated even of his own neighbour: but the rich [hath] many friends. ... He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy [is] he.
Proverbs 17:5 Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: [and] he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.
Proverbs 19:17 He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.
Mark 14:7 For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always.
John 12:8 For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.
2 Corinthians 8:9 For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
James 2:5-6 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him? ... But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?

fallen in decay:
Heb. his hand faileth

then:

Psalms 37:26 [He is] ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed [is] blessed.
Psalms 41:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
Psalms 112:5 A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.
Psalms 112:9 He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Luke 6:35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and [to] the evil.
Acts 11:29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt in Judaea:
Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.
Romans 12:18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.
Romans 12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.
2 Corinthians 9:1 For as touching the ministering to the saints, it is superfluous for me to write to you:
2 Corinthians 9:12-15 For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want of the saints, but is abundant also by many thanksgivings unto God; ... Thanks [be] unto God for his unspeakable gift.
Galatians 2:10 Only [they would] that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do.
1 John 3:17 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?

relieve:
Heb. strengthen

a stranger:

Leviticus 19:34 [But] the stranger that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I [am] the LORD your God.
Exodus 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 10:18-19 He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment. ... Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Matthew 25:35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
Hebrews 13:2 Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 23:9. Lv 19:34; 25:25. Dt 10:18; 15:7. Ps 37:26; 41:1; 112:5, 9. Pv 14:20, 31; 17:5; 19:17. Mt 25:35. Mk 14:7. Lk 6:35. Jn 12:8. Ac 11:29. Ro 12:13, 18, 20. 2Co 8:9; 9:1, 12. Ga 2:10. He 13:2. Jm 2:5. 1Jn 3:17.

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