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Leviticus 25:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if thou sell aught unto thy neighbor, or buy of thy neighbor's hand, ye shall not wrong one another.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest [ought] of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘If you make a sale, moreover, to your friend or buy from your friend’s hand, you shall not wrong one another.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if thou shalt sell aught to thy neighbor, or buy [aught] of thy neighbor's hand, ye shall not oppress one another:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if ye sell ought unto your neighbour, or buy of your neighbour's hand, ye shall not overreach one another.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when ye sell anything to thy neighbour, or buy aught at thy neighbour's hand, do not overreach one another.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And when thou sellest anything to thy fellow, or buyest from the hand of thy fellow, ye do not oppress one another;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— When thou shalt sell any thing to thy neighbour, or shalt buy of him: grieve not thy brother. But thou shalt buy of him according to the number of years from the jubilee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if thou sell ought vnto thy neighbour, or buyest ought of thy neighbours hand, ye shall not oppresse one another.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if thou shouldest sell a possession to thy neighbour, or if thou shouldest buy of thy neighbour, let not a man oppress his neighbour.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest [ought] of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou sell 4376
{4376} Prime
מָכַר
makar
{maw-kar'}
A primitive root; to sell, literally (as merchandise, a daughter in marriage, into slavery), or figuratively (to surrender).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
ought 4465
{4465} Prime
מִמְכָּר
mimkar
{mim-kawr'}
From H4376; merchandise; abstractly a selling.
unto thy neighbour, 5997
{5997} Prime
עָמִית
`amiyth
{aw-meeth'}
From a primitive root meaning to associate; companionship; hence (concretely) a comrade or kindred man.
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
buyest 7069
{7069} Prime
קָנָה
qanah
{kaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to erect, that is, create; by extension to procure, especially by purchase (causatively sell); by implication to own.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
[ought] of thy neighbour's y5997
[5997] Standard
עָמִית
`amiyth
{aw-meeth'}
From a primitive root meaning to associate; companionship; hence (concretely) a comrade or kindred man.
hand, 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5997
(5997) Complement
עָמִית
`amiyth
{aw-meeth'}
From a primitive root meaning to associate; companionship; hence (concretely) a comrade or kindred man.
ye shall not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
oppress 3238
{3238} Prime
יָנָה
yanah
{yaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to rage or be violent; by implication to suppress, to maltreat.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
one 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
another: 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 25:8-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 25:14

Ye shall not oppress — Neither the seller by requiring more, nor the buyer by taking the advantage from his brother's necessities to give him less than the worth of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 25:14

And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest [ought] of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall (h) not oppress one another:

(h) By deceit, or otherwise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 25:17 Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I [am] the LORD your God.
Leviticus 19:13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob [him]: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
Deuteronomy 16:19-20 Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous. ... That which is altogether just shalt thou follow, that thou mayest live, and inherit the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Judges 4:3 And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.
1 Samuel 12:3-4 Behold, here I [am]: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received [any] bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you. ... And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
2 Chronicles 16:10 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; for [he was] in a rage with him because of this [thing]. And Asa oppressed [some] of the people the same time.
Nehemiah 9:36-37 Behold, we [are] servants this day, and [for] the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we [are] servants in it: ... And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we [are] in great distress.
Job 20:19-20 Because he hath oppressed [and] hath forsaken the poor; [because] he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not; ... Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save of that which he desired.
Psalms 10:18 To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.
Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Proverbs 21:13 Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.
Proverbs 22:16 He that oppresseth the poor to increase his [riches, and] he that giveth to the rich, [shall] surely [come] to want.
Proverbs 28:3 A poor man that oppresseth the poor [is like] a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.
Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
Proverbs 28:16 The prince that wanteth understanding [is] also a great oppressor: [but] he that hateth covetousness shall prolong [his] days.
Ecclesiastes 5:8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for [he that is] higher than the highest regardeth; and [there be] higher than they.
Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Isaiah 3:12-15 [As for] my people, children [are] their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause [thee] to err, and destroy the way of thy paths. ... What mean ye [that] ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Isaiah 33:15 He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;
Isaiah 58:6 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
Jeremiah 22:17 But thine eyes and thine heart [are] not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do [it].
Ezekiel 22:7 In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.
Ezekiel 22:12-13 In thee have they taken gifts to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord GOD. ... Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.
Amos 5:11-12 Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them. ... For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate [from their right].
Amos 8:4-7 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, ... The LORD hath sworn by the excellency of Jacob, Surely I will never forget any of their works.
Micah 2:2-3 And they covet fields, and take [them] by violence; and houses, and take [them] away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, against this family do I devise an evil, from which ye shall not remove your necks; neither shall ye go haughtily: for this time [is] evil.
Micah 6:10-12 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure [that is] abominable? ... For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue [is] deceitful in their mouth.
Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge [asketh] for a reward; and the great [man], he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up.
Luke 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse [any] falsely; and be content with your wages.
1 Corinthians 6:8 Nay, ye do wrong, and defraud, and that [your] brethren.
James 5:1-5 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. ... Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:13; 25:17. Dt 16:19. Jg 4:3. 1S 12:3. 2Ch 16:10. Ne 9:36. Jb 20:19. Ps 10:18. Pv 14:31; 21:13; 22:16; 28:3, 8, 16. Ec 5:8. Is 1:17; 3:12; 5:7; 33:15; 58:6. Jr 22:17. Ezk 22:7, 12. Am 5:11; 8:4. Mi 2:2; 6:10; 7:3. Lk 3:14. 1Co 6:8. Jm 5:1.

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