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Leviticus 23:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These are the set feasts of Jehovah, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their appointed season.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These [are] the feasts of the LORD, [even] holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘These are the appointed times of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These [are] the feasts of the LORD, holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These are the set feasts of Jehovah, holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These, are the appointed seasons of Yahweh, holy convocations,—which ye shall proclaim in their appointed season:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'These [are] appointed seasons of Jehovah, holy convocations, which ye proclaim in their appointed seasons:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These also are the holy days of the Lord, which you must celebrate in their seasons.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These [are] the feastes of the LORD, [euen] holy conuocations, which ye shall proclaime in their seasons.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— These [are] the feasts to the Lord, holy convocations, which ye shall call in their seasons.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— These [are] the feasts of Yahweh, [even] holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the feasts 4150
{4150} Prime
מוֹעֵד
mow`ed
{mo-ade'}
From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand).
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[even] holy 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
convocations, 4744
{4744} Prime
מִקְרָא
miqra'
{mik-raw'}
From H7121; something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the palce); also a rehearsal.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ye shall proclaim 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in their seasons. 4150
{4150} Prime
מוֹעֵד
mow`ed
{mo-ade'}
From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 23:4

_ _ These are the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons — Their observance took place in the parts of the year corresponding to our March, May, and September. Divine wisdom was manifested in fixing them at those periods; in winter, when the days were short and the roads broken up, a long journey was impracticable; while in summer the harvest and vintage gave busy employment in the fields. Besides, another reason for the choice of those seasons probably was to counteract the influence of Egyptian associations and habits. And God appointed more sacred festivals for the Israelites in the month of September than the people of Egypt had in honor of their idols. These institutions, however, were for the most part prospective, the observance being not binding on the Israelites during their wanderings in the wilderness, while the regular celebration was not to commence till their settlement in Canaan.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Leviticus 23:4-14

_ _ Here again the feasts are called the feasts of the Lord, because he appointed them. Jeroboam's feast, which he devised of his own heart (1 Kings 12:33), was an affront to God, and a reproach upon the people. These feasts were to be proclaimed in their seasons (Leviticus 23:4), and the seasons God chose for them were in March, May and September (according to our present computation), not in winter, because travelling would then be uncomfortable, when the days were short, and the ways foul; not in the middle of summer, because then in those countries they were gathering in their harvest and vintage, and could be ill spared from their country business. Thus graciously does God consult our comfort in his appointments, obliging us thereby religiously to regard his glory in our observance of them, and not to complain of them as a burden. The solemnities appointed them were, 1. Many and returned frequently, which was intended to preserve in them a deep sense of God and religion, and to prevent their inclining to the superstitions of the heathen. God kept them fully employed in his service, that they might not have time to hearken to the temptations of the idolatrous neighbourhood they lived in. 2. They were most of them times of joy and rejoicing. The weekly sabbath is so, and all their yearly solemnities, except the day of atonement. God would thus teach them that wisdom's ways are pleasantness, and engage them to his service by encouraging them to be cheerful in it and to sing at their work. Seven days were days of strict rest and holy convocations; the first day and the seventh of the feast of unleavened bread, the day of pentecost, the day of the feast of trumpets, the first day and the eighth of the feast of tabernacles, and the day of atonement: here were six for holy joy and one only for holy mourning. We are commanded to rejoice evermore, but not to be evermore weeping. Here is,

_ _ I. A repetition of the law of the passover, which was to be observed on the fourteenth day of the first month, in remembrance of their deliverance out of Egypt and the distinguishing preservation of their first-born, mercies never to be forgotten. This feast was to begin with the killing of the paschal lamb, Leviticus 23:5. It was to continue seven days, during all which time they were to eat sad bread, that was unleavened (Leviticus 23:6), and the first and last day of the seven were to be days of holy rest and holy convocations, Leviticus 23:7, Leviticus 23:8. They were not idle days spent in sport and recreation (as many that are called Christians spend their holy days), but offerings were made by fire unto the Lord at his altar; and we have reason to think that the people were taught to employ their time in prayer, and praise, and godly meditation.

_ _ II. An order for the offering of a sheaf of the first-fruits, upon the second day of the feast of unleavened bread; the first is called the sabbath, because it was observed as a sabbath (Leviticus 23:11), and, on the morrow after, they had this solemnity. A sheaf or handful of new corn was brought to the priest, who was to heave it up, in token of his presenting it to the God of Heaven, and to wave it to and fro before the Lord, as the Lord of the whole earth, and this should be accepted for them as a thankful acknowledgment of God's mercy to them in clothing their fields with corn, and of their dependence upon God, and desire towards him, for the preserving of it to their use. For it was the expression both of prayer and praise, Leviticus 23:11. A lamb for a burnt-offering was to be offered with it, Leviticus 23:12. As the sacrifice of animals was generally attended with meat-offerings, so this sacrifice of corn was attended with a burnt-offering, that bread and flesh might be set together on God's table. They are forbidden to eat of their new corn till this handful was offered to God; for it was fit, if God and Israel feast together, that he should be served first. And the offering of this sheaf of first-fruits in the name of the whole congregation did, as it were, sanctify to them their whole harvest, and give them a comfortable use of all the rest; for then we may eat our bread with joy when we have, in some measure, performed our duty to God, and God has accepted our works, for thus all our enjoyments become clean to us. Now, 1. This law was given now, though there was no occasion for putting it in execution till they came to Canaan: in the wilderness they sowed no corn; but God's feeding them there with bread from heaven obliged them hereafter not to grudge him his share of their bread out of the earth. We find that when they came into Canaan the manna ceased upon the very day that the sheaf of first-fruits was offered; they had eaten of the old corn the day before (Joshua 5:11), and then on this day they offered the first-fruits, by which they became entitled to the new corn too (Leviticus 23:12), so that there was no more occasion for manna. 1. This sheaf of first-fruits was typical of our Lord Jesus, who has risen from the dead as the first-fruits of those that slept, 1 Corinthians 15:20. That branch of the Lord (Isaiah 4:2) was then presented to him, in virtue of the sacrifice of himself, the Lamb of God, and it was accepted for us. It is very observable that our Lord Jesus rose from the dead on the very day that the first-fruits were offered, to show that he was the substance of this shadow. 3. We are taught by this law to honour the Lord with our substance, and with the first-fruits of all our increase, Proverbs 3:9. They were not to eat of their new corn till God's part was offered to him out of it (Leviticus 23:14), for we must always begin with God, begin our lives with him, begin every day with him, begin every meal with him, begin every affair and business with him; seek first the kingdom of God.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 23:4

These are the feasts of the Lord — Or rather, the solemnities: (for the day of atonement was a fast:) and so the word is used, Isaiah 33:20, where Zion is called the city of our solemnities.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 23:4

These [are] the feasts of the LORD, [even] holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their (a) seasons.

(a) For the sabbath was kept every week, and these others were kept only once every year.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 23:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, [Concerning] the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim [to be] holy convocations, [even] these [are] my feasts.
Leviticus 23:37 These [are] the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim [to be] holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day:
Exodus 23:14 Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.
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Ex 23:14. Lv 23:2, 37.

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