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Leviticus 23:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— It shall be unto you a sabbath of solemn rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye keep your sabbath.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— It [shall be] unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth [day] of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— It [shall be] to you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls in the ninth [day] of the month at evening: from evening to evening shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A sabbath of rest shall it be unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls. On the ninth of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A sabbath of sacred rest, shall it be unto you, so shall ye humble your souls,—on the ninth of the month, in the evening, from evening to evening, shall ye keep your sabbath.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— It [is] a sabbath of rest to you, and ye have humbled yourselves in the ninth of the month at even; from evening till evening ye do keep your sabbath.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— It is a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls beginning on the ninth day of the month. From evening until evening you shall celebrate your sabbaths.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— It [shalbe] vnto you a Sabbath of rest, and yee shall afflict your soules in the ninth [day] of the moneth at Euen, from Euen vnto Euen shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— It shall be a holy sabbath to you; and ye shall humble your souls, from the ninth day of the month: from evening to evening ye shall keep your sabbaths.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— It [shall be] unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth [day] of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
It x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[shall be] unto you a sabbath 7676
{7676} Prime
שַׁבָּת
shabbath
{shab-bawth'}
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath.
of rest, 7677
{7677} Prime
שַׁבָּתוֹן
shabbathown
{shab-baw-thone'}
From H7676; a sabbatism or special holiday.
and ye shall afflict 6031
{6031} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
your souls: 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
in the ninth 8672
{8672} Prime
תֵּשַׁע
tesha`
{tay'-shah}
The second form is the masculine of the first; perhaps from H8159 through the idea of a turn to the next or full number ten; nine or (ordinal) ninth.
[day] of the month 2320
{2320} Prime
חֹדֶשׁ
chodesh
{kho'-desh}
From H2318; the new moon; by implication a month.
at even, 6153
{6153} Prime
עֶרֶב
`ereb
{eh'-reb}
From H6150; dusk.
from even 6153
{6153} Prime
עֶרֶב
`ereb
{eh'-reb}
From H6150; dusk.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
even, 6153
{6153} Prime
עֶרֶב
`ereb
{eh'-reb}
From H6150; dusk.
shall ye celebrate 7673
{7673} Prime
שָׁבַת
shabath
{shaw-bath'}
A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causatively, figuratively or specifically).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
your sabbath. 7676
{7676} Prime
שַׁבָּת
shabbath
{shab-bawth'}
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 23:27-32.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 23:23-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 23:32

From even to even — The day of atonement began at the evening of the ninth day, and continued till the evening of the tenth day. Ye shall celebrate your sabbath — This particular sabbath is called your sabbath, possibly to note the difference between this and other sabbaths: for the weekly sabbath is oft called the sabbath of the Lord. The Jews are supposed to begin every day, and consequently their sabbaths, at the evening, in remembrance of the creation, as Christians generally begin their days and sabbaths with the morning in memory of Christ's resurrection.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 23:32

It [shall be] unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth [day] of the month at even, from (o) even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

(o) Which contains a night and a day: yet they took it as their natural day.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a sabbath:

Leviticus 16:31 It [shall be] a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.
Matthew 11:28-30 Come unto me, all [ye] that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. ... For my yoke [is] easy, and my burden is light.
Hebrews 4:3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
Hebrews 4:11 Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.

afflict:

Leviticus 23:27 Also on the tenth [day] of this seventh month [there shall be] a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Psalms 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing [was] sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
Psalms 51:17 The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Psalms 69:10-11 When I wept, [and chastened] my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. ... I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them.
Psalms 126:5-6 They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. ... He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves [with him].
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Isaiah 57:18-19 I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners. ... I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to [him that is] far off, and to [him that is] near, saith the LORD; and I will heal him.
Isaiah 58:3-7 Wherefore have we fasted, [say they], and thou seest not? [wherefore] have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours. ... [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Isaiah 61:3 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Matthew 5:4 Blessed [are] they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
1 Corinthians 11:31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.

celebrate your sabbath:
Heb. rest
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 16:31; 23:27. Ps 35:13; 51:17; 69:10; 126:5. Is 57:15, 18; 58:3; 61:3. Mt 5:4; 11:28. 1Co 11:31. He 4:3, 11.

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The sabbath was first mentioned in Genesis concerning God's rest but it was not given as a command, nor was it included in any of the covenants before Mount Sinai. Example: (there is no record of any of the patriarchs keeping the sabbath "abraham,issac,jacob". there is no record of God commanding them to do so) The bible even says that God did not make known His covenant "the ten commandments" with Abraham Issac and Jacob but He made it with the Israelites that were alive in Moses' day (Deuteronomy 5)
- Edward Sello (5/29/2012 10:12:34 AM)
see also Genisis 2:1-4 and Exodus 20:8-11
(...remember the Sabbath and keep it holy)
these are eternal commandments not suggestions given by the Eternal Father/ABBA YAHUVEH

In Genesis the Sabbath was established forever as a perpetual command to be on the 7th day, which is sundown Friday to sundown Saturday by YAHUVEH.
- george (5/19/2011 12:14:47 AM)
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