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Leviticus 22:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if a man eat of the holy thing unwittingly, then he shall put the fifth part thereof unto it, and shall give unto the priest the holy thing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if a man eat [of] the holy thing unwittingly, then he shall put the fifth [part] thereof unto it, and shall give [it] unto the priest with the holy thing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘But if a man eats a holy [gift] unintentionally, then he shall add to it a fifth of it and shall give the holy [gift] to the priest.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if a man shall eat [of] the holy thing unknowingly, then he shall put to it the fifth [part], and shall give [it] to the priest, with the holy thing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if a man eat of a holy thing through inadvertence, then he shall put the fifth part thereof unto it, and shall give it unto the priest with the holy thing.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when, any man, eateth what is hallowed, by mistake, then shall he add the fifth part of it thereunto, and give, unto the priest, the hallowed thing:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And when a man doth eat of a holy thing through ignorance, then he hath added its fifth part to it, and hath given [it] to the priest, with the holy thing;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that eateth of the sanctified things through ignorance, shall add the fifth part with that which he ate, and shall give it to the priest into the sanctuary.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if a man eate of the holy thing vnwittingly, then he shall put the fift part thereof vnto it; and shall giue it vnto the Priest, with the holy thing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the man who shall ignorantly eat holy things, shall add the fifth part to it, and give the holy thing to the priest.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if a man eat [of] the holy thing unwittingly, then he shall put the fifth [part] thereof unto it, and shall give [it] unto the priest with the holy thing.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[of] the holy thing 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
unwittingly, 7684
{7684} Prime
שְׁגָגָה
sh@gagah
{sheg-aw-gaw'}
From H7683; a mistake or inadvertent transgression.
then he shall put 3254
{3254} Prime
יָסַף
yacaph
{yaw-saf'}
A primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbially to continue to do a thing).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the fifth 2549
{2549} Prime
חֲמִישִׁי
chamiyshiy
{kham-ee-shee'}
Ordinal from H2568; fifth; also a fifth.
[part] thereof unto x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
it, and shall give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[it] unto the priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
with the holy thing. 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 22:14

_ _ if a man eat of the holy thing unwittingly — A common Israelite might unconsciously partake of what had been offered as tithes, first-fruits, etc., and on discovering his unintentional error, he was not only to restore as much as he had used, but be fined in a fifth part more for the priests to carry into the sanctuary.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 22:10-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 22:14

Unto it — Over and above the principle, and besides the ram to be offered to God, Leviticus 5:15. And shall give unto the priest the holy thing — That is, the worth of it, which the priest was either to take to himself or to offer to God, as the nature of the thing was.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 22:14

And if a man eat [of] the holy thing unwittingly, then he shall put the (g) fifth [part] thereof unto it, and shall give [it] unto the priest with the holy thing.

(g) He shall give that and a fifth part over.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 5:15-19 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering: ... It [is] a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the LORD.
Leviticus 27:13 But if he will at all redeem it, then he shall add a fifth [part] thereof unto thy estimation.
Leviticus 27:15 And if he that sanctified it will redeem his house, then he shall add the fifth [part] of the money of thy estimation unto it, and it shall be his.
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Lv 5:15; 27:13, 15.

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