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Leviticus 20:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if a man shall take his brother's wife, it is impurity: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall be childless.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if a man shall take his brother's wife, it [is] an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall be childless.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘If [there is] a man who takes his brother’s wife, it is abhorrent; he has uncovered his brother’s nakedness. They will be childless.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if a man shall take his brother's wife, it [is] an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall be childless.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if a man take his brother's wife, it is an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness: they shall be childless.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, any man, who taketh his brother's wife, impurity, it is,—the shame of his brother, hath he uncovered—childless, shall they remain.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And a man who taketh his brother's wife—it [is] impurity; the nakedness of his brother he hath uncovered; childless they are.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that marrieth his brother's wife, doth an unlawful thing: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness. They shall be without children.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if a man shall take his brothers wife, it [is] an vncleane thing: hee hath vncouered his brothers nakednesse, they shall be childlesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Whoever shall take his brother's wife, it is uncleanness; he has uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall die childless.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if a man shall take his brother's wife, it [is] an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall be childless.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his brother's 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
wife, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
it x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] an unclean thing: 5079
{5079} Prime
נִדָּה
niddah
{nid-daw'}
From H5074; properly rejection; by implication impurity, especially personal (menstruation) or moral (idolatry, incest).
he hath uncovered 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
his brother's 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
nakedness; 6172
{6172} Prime
עֶרְוָה
`ervah
{er-vaw'}
From H6168; nudity, literally (especially the pudenda) or figuratively (disgrace, blemish).
they shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
childless. 6185
{6185} Prime
עֲרִירִי
`ariyriy
{ar-e-ree'}
From H6209; bare, that is, destitute (of children).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 20:10-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 20:21

His brother's wife — Except in the case allowed by God, Deuteronomy 25:5.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 20:21

And if a man shall take his brother's wife, it [is] an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother's (h) nakedness; they shall be childless.

(h) Read (Leviticus 18:16).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his brother's:

Leviticus 18:16 Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy brother's wife: it [is] thy brother's nakedness.
Matthew 14:3-4 For Herod had laid hold on John, and bound him, and put [him] in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife. ... For John said unto him, It is not lawful for thee to have her.

an unclean thing:
Heb. a separation
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Lv 18:16. Mt 14:3.

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