Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Leviticus 20:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘If [there is] a man who lies with his uncle’s wife he has uncovered his uncle’s nakedness; they will bear their sin. They will die childless.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if a man lie with his aunt, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: their sin shall they bear: they shall die childless.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, any man, who lieth with his uncle's wife, the shame of his uncle, hath he uncovered,—their sin, shall they bear—childless, shall they die.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And a man who lieth with his aunt, the nakedness of his uncle he hath uncovered; their sin they bear; childless they die.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If any man lie with the wife of his uncle by the father, or of his uncle by the mother, and uncover the shame of his near akin, both shall bear their sin. They shall die without children.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if a man shall lie with his vncles wife, he hath vncouered his vncles nakednesse: they shall beare their sinne, they shall die childlesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Whosoever shall lie with his near kinswoman, has uncovered the nakedness of one near akin to him: they shall die childless.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall lie 7901
{7901} Prime
שָׁכַב
shakab
{shaw-kab'}
A primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
his uncle's wife, 1733
{1733} Prime
דּוֹדָה
dowdah
{do-daw'}
Feminine of H1730; an aunt.
he hath uncovered 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
his uncle's 1730
{1730} Prime
דּוֹד
dowd
{dode}
From an unused root meaning properly to boil, that is, (figuratively) to love; by implication a love token, lover, friend; specifically an uncle.
nakedness: 6172
{6172} Prime
עֶרְוָה
`ervah
{er-vaw'}
From H6168; nudity, literally (especially the pudenda) or figuratively (disgrace, blemish).
they shall bear 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their sin; 2399
{2399} Prime
חֵטְא
chet'
{khate}
From H2398; a crime or its penalty.
they shall die 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
childless. 6185
{6185} Prime
עֲרִירִי
`ariyriy
{ar-e-ree'}
From H6209; bare, that is, destitute (of children).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 20:20

_ _ they shall die childless — Either by the judgment of God they shall have no children, or their spurious offspring shall be denied by human authority the ordinary privileges of children in Israel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 20:10-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 20:20

They shall die childless — Either shall be speedily cut off ere they can have a child by that incestuous conjunction; if this seem a less crime than most of the former incestuous mixtures, and therefore the magistrate forbear to punish it with death; yet they shall either have no children from such an unlawful bed, or their children shall die before them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 20:20

And if a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die (g) childless.

(g) They shall be cut off from their people, and their children shall be taken as bastards, and not counted among the Israelites.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
uncle's wife:

Leviticus 18:14 Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's brother, thou shalt not approach to his wife: she [is] thine aunt.

childless:

Job 18:19 He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.
Psalms 109:13 Let his posterity be cut off; [and] in the generation following let their name be blotted out.
Jeremiah 22:30 Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man [that] shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.
Luke 1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were [now] well stricken in years.
Luke 1:25 Thus hath the Lord dealt with me in the days wherein he looked on [me], to take away my reproach among men.
Luke 23:29 For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed [are] the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 18:14. Jb 18:19. Ps 109:13. Jr 22:30. Lk 1:7, 25; 23:29.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Leviticus 20:20.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Leviticus 20:20


Recent Chat Bible Comments