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Leviticus 19:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father; and ye shall keep my sabbaths: I am Jehovah your God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I [am] the LORD your God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Every one of you shall reverence his mother and his father, and you shall keep My sabbaths; I am the LORD your God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye shall fear every man his mother and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I [am] the LORD your God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ye shall reverence every man his mother, and his father, and my sabbaths shall ye keep: I am Jehovah your God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye shall, every one, revere, his father and his mother, And, my sabbaths, shall ye observe,—I—Yahweh, am your God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Each his mother and his father ye do fear, and My sabbaths ye do keep; I [am] Jehovah your God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let every one fear his father, and his mother. Keep my sabbaths. I am the Lord your God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yee shall feare euery man his mother, and his father, and keepe my Sabbaths: I [am] the LORD your God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Let every one of you reverence his father and his mother; and ye shall keep my sabbaths: I [am] the Lord your God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I [am] Yahweh your Elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye shall fear 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
every man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
his mother, 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
and his father, 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
and keep 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
my sabbaths: 7676
{7676} Prime
שַׁבָּת
shabbath
{shab-bawth'}
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
[am] Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
your lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 19:3

_ _ Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths — The duty of obedience to parents is placed in connection with the proper observance of the Sabbaths, both of them lying at the foundation of practical religion.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 19:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 19:3

His mother — The mother is put first, partly because the practice of this duty begins there, mothers, by perpetual converse, being sooner known to their children than their fathers; and partly because this duty is commonly neglected to the mother, upon whom children have not so much dependence as they have upon their father. And this fear includes the two great duties of reverence and obedience. And keep my sabbaths — This is added, to shew, that, whereas it is enjoined to parents that they should take care the sabbath be observed both by themselves and their children, it is the duty of children to fear and obey their parents in this matter. But that, if parents should neglect their duty herein, or by their command, counsel, or example, draw them to pollute the sabbath, the children in that case must keep the sabbath, and prefer the command of God before the commands of their parents.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fear:

Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Exodus 21:15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.
Exodus 21:17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.
Deuteronomy 21:18-21 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and [that], when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them: ... And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.
Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed [be] he that setteth light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Proverbs 1:8 My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:
Proverbs 6:20-21 My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother: ... Bind them continually upon thine heart, [and] tie them about thy neck.
Proverbs 23:22 Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.
Proverbs 30:11 [There is] a generation [that] curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother.
Proverbs 30:17 The eye [that] mocketh at [his] father, and despiseth to obey [his] mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.
Ezekiel 22:7 In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.
Malachi 1:6 A son honoureth [his] father, and a servant his master: if then I [be] a father, where [is] mine honour? and if I [be] a master, where [is] my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?
Matthew 15:4-6 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. ... And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
Ephesians 6:1-3 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. ... That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected [us], and we gave [them] reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?

keep:

Leviticus 26:2 Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I [am] the LORD.
Exodus 16:29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.
Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Exodus 31:13-17 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it [is] a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that [ye] may know that I [am] the LORD that doth sanctify you. ... It [is] a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.
Isaiah 56:4-6 For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose [the things] that please me, and take hold of my covenant; ... Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant;
Isaiah 58:13 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, [from] doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking [thine own] words:
Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I [am] the LORD that sanctify them.
Ezekiel 22:8 Thou hast despised mine holy things, and hast profaned my sabbaths.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 16:29; 20:8, 12; 21:15, 17; 31:13. Lv 26:2. Dt 21:18; 27:16. Pv 1:8; 6:20; 23:22; 30:11, 17. Is 56:4; 58:13. Ezk 20:12; 22:7, 8. Mal 1:6. Mt 15:4. Ep 6:1. He 12:9.

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