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Leviticus 19:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘You shall not round off the side-growth of your heads nor harm the edges of your beard.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —Ye shall not shave the corners of your head round, neither shalt thou mutilate the corners of thy beard.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye shall not shave in a circle around your head,—nor shalt thou disfigure the fringe of thy beard.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Ye do not round the corner of your head, nor destroy the corner of thy beard.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Nor shall you cut your hair roundwise: nor shave your beard.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou marre the corners of thy beard.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ye shall not make a round cutting of the hair of your head, nor disfigure your beard.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
round 5362
{5362} Prime
נָקַף
naqaph
{naw-kaf'}
A primitive root; to strike with more or less violence (beat, fell, corrode); by implication (of attack) to knock together, that is, surround or circulate.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the corners 6285
{6285} Prime
פֵּאָה
pe'ah
{pay-aw'}
Feminine of H6311; properly mouth in a figurative sense, that is, direction, region, extremity.
of your heads, 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
shalt thou mar 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the corners 6285
{6285} Prime
פֵּאָה
pe'ah
{pay-aw'}
Feminine of H6311; properly mouth in a figurative sense, that is, direction, region, extremity.
of thy beard. 2206
{2206} Prime
זָקָן
zaqan
{zaw-kawn'}
From H2204; the beard (as indicating age).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 19:27

_ _ Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, etc. — It seems probable that this fashion had been learned by the Israelites in Egypt, for the ancient Egyptians had their dark locks cropped short or shaved with great nicety, so that what remained on the crown appeared in the form of a circle surrounding the head, while the beard was dressed into a square form. This kind of coiffure had a highly idolatrous meaning; and it was adopted, with some slight variations, by almost all idolaters in ancient times. (Jeremiah 9:25, Jeremiah 9:26; Jeremiah 25:23, where “in the utmost corners” means having the corners of their hair cut.) Frequently a lock or tuft of hair was left on the hinder part of the head, the rest being cut round in the form of a ring, as the Turks, Chinese, and Hindus do at the present day.

_ _ neither shalt thou mar, etc. — The Egyptians used to cut or shave off their whiskers, as may be seen in the coffins of mummies, and the representations of divinities on the monuments. But the Hebrews, in order to separate them from the neighboring nations, or perhaps to put a stop to some existing superstition, were forbidden to imitate this practice. It may appear surprising that Moses should condescend to such minutiae as that of regulating the fashion of the hair and the beard — matters which do not usually occupy the attention of a legislator — and which appear widely remote from the province either of government or of a religion. A strong presumption, therefore, arises that he had in mind by these regulations to combat some superstitious practices of the Egyptians.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 19:19-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 19:27

The corners of your heads — That is your temples, ye shall not cut off the hair of your heads round about your temples. This the Gentiles did, either for the worship of their idols, to whom young men used to consecrate their hair, being cut off from their heads, as Homer, Plutarch and many others write; or in funerals or immoderate mournings, as appears from Isaiah 15:2; Jeremiah 48:37. And the like is to be thought concerning the beard or the hair in the corner, that is, corners of the beard. The reason then of this prohibition is because God would not have his people agree with idolaters, neither in their idolatries, nor in their excessive sorrowing, no nor so much as in the appearances of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 19:27

Ye shall not (k) round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.

(k) As did the Gentiles in sign of mourning.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 21:5 They shall not make baldness upon their head, neither shall they shave off the corner of their beard, nor make any cuttings in their flesh.
Isaiah 15:2 He is gone up to Bajith, and to Dibon, the high places, to weep: Moab shall howl over Nebo, and over Medeba: on all their heads [shall be] baldness, [and] every beard cut off.
Jeremiah 16:6 Both the great and the small shall die in this land: they shall not be buried, neither shall [men] lament for them, nor cut themselves, nor make themselves bald for them:
Jeremiah 48:37 For every head [shall be] bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands [shall be] cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth.
Ezekiel 7:18 They shall also gird [themselves] with sackcloth, and horror shall cover them; and shame [shall be] upon all faces, and baldness upon all their heads.
Ezekiel 44:20 Neither shall they shave their heads, nor suffer their locks to grow long; they shall only poll their heads.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 21:5. Is 15:2. Jr 16:6; 48:37. Ezk 7:18; 44:20.

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