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Leviticus 16:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— It is a sabbath of solemn rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls; it is a statute for ever.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— It [shall be] a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “It is to be a sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— It [shall be] a sabbath of rest to you, and ye shall afflict your souls by a statute for ever.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A sabbath of rest shall it be unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls: [it is] an everlasting statute.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A sabbath of sacred rest, it is, unto you, Therefore shall ye humble your souls, A statute age-abiding.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— it [is] to you a sabbath of rest, and ye have humbled yourselves—a statute age-during.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For it is a sabbath of rest: and you shall afflict your souls by a perpetual religion.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— It [shall be] a Sabbath of rest vnto you, and ye shall afflict your soules by a statute for euer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— This shall be to you a most holy sabbath, a rest, and ye shall humble your souls; it is a perpetual ordinance.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— It [shall be] a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
It x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[shall be] a sabbath 7676
{7676} Prime
שַׁבָּת
shabbath
{shab-bawth'}
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath.
of rest 7677
{7677} Prime
שַׁבָּתוֹן
shabbathown
{shab-baw-thone'}
From H7676; a sabbatism or special holiday.
unto you, and ye shall afflict 6031
{6031} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
your souls, 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
by a statute 2708
{2708} Prime
חֻקָּה
chuqqah
{khook-kaw'}
Feminine of H2706, and meaning substantially the same.
for ever. 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 16:29-34.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 16:29-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 16:31

A sabbath — Observed as a sabbath — day from all servile works, and diligent attendance upon God's worship.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 16:31

It [shall be] a (l) sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

(l) Or a rest which you shall keep most diligently.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 23:32 It [shall be] unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth [day] of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
Leviticus 25:4 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.
Exodus 31:15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh [is] the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth [any] work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
Exodus 35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 31:15; 35:2. Lv 23:32; 25:4.

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