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Leviticus 14:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the priest shall command to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The priest shall also give orders to slay the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel, over running water.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the priest shall command that one bird be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and the priest shall give command, and one bird shall be slain,—within an earthen vessel, over living water:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And the priest hath commanded, and he hath slaughtered the one bird upon an earthen vessel, over running water;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he shall command one of the sparrows to be immolated in an earthen vessel over living waters.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Priest shall command that one of the birds bee killed in an earthen vessell, ouer running water.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the priest shall give direction, and they shall kill one bird over an earthen vessel over running water.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the priest 3548
{3548} Prime
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
shall command 6680
{6680} Prime
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
that one 259
{0259} Prime
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
of the birds 6833
{6833} Prime
From H6852; a little bird (as hopping).
be killed 7819
{7819} Prime
A primitive root; to slaughter (in sacrifice or massacre).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
an earthen 2789
{2789} Prime
A collateral form mediating between H2775 and H2791; a piece of pottery.
vessel 3627
{3627} Prime
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
over x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
running 2416
{2416} Prime
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
water: 4325
{4325} Prime
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 14:5-9

_ _ the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed ... over running water — As the blood of a single bird would not have been sufficient to immerse the body of another bird, it was mingled with spring water to increase the quantity necessary for the appointed sprinklings, which were to be repeated seven times, denoting a complete purification. (See 2 Kings 5:10; Psalms 51:2; Matthew 8:4; Luke 5:14). The living bird being then set free, in token of the leper’s release from quarantine, the priest pronounced him clean; and this official declaration was made with all solemnity, in order that the mind of the leper might be duly impressed with a sense of the divine goodness, and that others might be satisfied they might safely hold intercourse with him. Several other purifications had to be gone through during a series of seven days, and the whole process had to be repeated on the seventh, ere he was allowed to re-enter the camp. The circumstance of a priest being employed seems to imply that instruction suitable to the newly recovered leper would be given, and that the symbolical ceremonies used in the process of cleansing leprosy would be explained. How far they were then understood we cannot tell. But we can trace some instructive analogies between the leprosy and the disease of sin, and between the rites observed in the process of cleansing leprosy and the provisions of the Gospel. The chief of these analogies is that as it was only when a leper exhibited a certain change of state that orders were given by the priest for a sacrifice, so a sinner must be in the exercise of faith and penitence ere the benefits of the gospel remedy can be enjoyed by him. The slain bird and the bird let loose are supposed to typify, the one the death, and the other the resurrection of Christ; while the sprinklings on him that had been leprous typified the requirements which led a believer to cleanse himself from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, and to perfect his holiness in the fear of the Lord.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 14:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 14:5

Killed — By some other man. The priest did not kill it himself, because it was not properly a sacrifice, as being killed without the camp, and not in that place to which all sacrifices were confined. In an earthen — vessel — That is, over running water put in an earthen — vessel — Thus the blood of the bird and the water were mixed together, partly for the conveniency of sprinkling, and partly to signify Christ, who came by water and blood, 1 John 5:6. The running water, that is, spring or river water by its liveliness and motion did fitly signify the restoring of liveliness to the leper, who was in a manner dead before.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 14:5

And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over (c) running water:

(c) Running water, or of the fountains.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
earthen vessel:

Leviticus 14:50 And he shall kill the one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water:
Numbers 5:17 And the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel; and of the dust that is in the floor of the tabernacle the priest shall take, and put [it] into the water:
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
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Lv 14:50. Nu 5:17. 2Co 4:7; 5:1; 13:4. He 2:14.

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