And the priest
Active participle of H3547
; literally one officiating
, a priest
; also (by courtesy) an acting priest
(although a layman).
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute
Stem - Piel (See H8840
Mood - Perfect (See H8816
Count - 2121
Apparently contracted from H0226
in the demonstrative sense of entity
; properly self
(but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even
A numeral from H0258
; properly united
, that is, one
; or (as an ordinal) first
of the birds
; a little bird
A primitive root; to slaughter
(in sacrifice or massacre).
Stem - Qal (See H8851
Mood - Perfect (See H8816
Count - 12562
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards
, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near
; often in general, to
A collateral form mediating between H2775
; a piece of pottery
; something prepared
, that is, any apparatus
(as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
Properly the same as H5920
used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above
, or against
(yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
; hence raw
(plant, water, year), strong
; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life
(or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water
; figuratively juice
; by euphemism urine
_ _ the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed ... over running water As the blood of a single bird would not have been sufficient to immerse the body of another bird, it was mingled with spring water to increase the quantity necessary for the appointed sprinklings, which were to be repeated seven times, denoting a complete purification. (See 2 Kings 5:10; Psalms 51:2; Matthew 8:4; Luke 5:14). The living bird being then set free, in token of the leper’s release from quarantine, the priest pronounced him clean; and this official declaration was made with all solemnity, in order that the mind of the leper might be duly impressed with a sense of the divine goodness, and that others might be satisfied they might safely hold intercourse with him. Several other purifications had to be gone through during a series of seven days, and the whole process had to be repeated on the seventh, ere he was allowed to re-enter the camp. The circumstance of a priest being employed seems to imply that instruction suitable to the newly recovered leper would be given, and that the symbolical ceremonies used in the process of cleansing leprosy would be explained. How far they were then understood we cannot tell. But we can trace some instructive analogies between the leprosy and the disease of sin, and between the rites observed in the process of cleansing leprosy and the provisions of the Gospel. The chief of these analogies is that as it was only when a leper exhibited a certain change of state that orders were given by the priest for a sacrifice, so a sinner must be in the exercise of faith and penitence ere the benefits of the gospel remedy can be enjoyed by him. The slain bird and the bird let loose are supposed to typify, the one the death, and the other the resurrection of Christ; while the sprinklings on him that had been leprous typified the requirements which led a believer to cleanse himself from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, and to perfect his holiness in the fear of the Lord.
Killed By some other man. The priest did not kill it himself, because it was not properly a sacrifice, as being killed without the camp, and not in that place to which all sacrifices were confined. In an earthen vessel That is, over running water put in an earthen vessel Thus the blood of the bird and the water were mixed together, partly for the conveniency of sprinkling, and partly to signify Christ, who came by water and blood, 1 John 5:6. The running water, that is, spring or river water by its liveliness and motion did fitly signify the restoring of liveliness to the leper, who was in a manner dead before.
And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over (c) running water:
(c) Running water, or of the fountains.
- earthen vessel:
Leviticus 14:50 And he shall kill the one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water:
Numbers 5:17 And the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel; and of the dust that is in the floor of the tabernacle the priest shall take, and put [it] into the water:
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
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