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Leviticus 13:45 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the leper in whom the plague is, his clothes shall be rent, and the hair of his head shall go loose, and he shall cover his upper lip, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the leper in whom the plague [is], his clothes shall be rent, and his head bare, and he shall put a covering upon his upper lip, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “As for the leper who has the infection, his clothes shall be torn, and the hair of his head shall be uncovered, and he shall cover his mustache and cry, ‘Unclean! Unclean!’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the leper in whom the plague [is], his clothes shall be rent, and his head bare, and he shall put a covering upon his upper lip, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And as to the leper in whom the sore is,—his garments shall be rent, and his head shall be uncovered, and he shall put a covering on his beard, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, as for the leper in whom is the plague, His clothes, shall be rent, And, his head, shall be bare, And, his beard, shall he cover,—And, Unclean! Unclean! shall he cry.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'As to the leper in whom [is] the plague, his garments are rent, and his head is uncovered, and he covereth over the upper lip, and 'Unclean! unclean!' he calleth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Shall have his clothes hanging loose, his head bare, his mouth covered with a cloth: and he shall cry out that he is defiled and unclean.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the leper in whom the plague [is], his clothes shall be rent, and his head bare, and he shall put a couering vpon his vpper lip, and shall cry, Uncleane, vncleane.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the leper in whom the plague is, let his garments be ungirt, and his head uncovered; and let him have a covering put upon his mouth, and he shall be called unclean.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the leper in whom the plague [is], his clothes shall be rent, and his head bare, and he shall put a covering upon his upper lip, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the leper 6879
{6879} Prime
צָרַע
tsara`
{tsaw-rah'}
A primitive root; to scourge, that is, (intransitively and figuratively) to be stricken with leprosy.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
in whom x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
the plague 5061
{5061} Prime
נֶגַע
nega`
{neh'-gah}
From H5060; a blow (figuratively infliction); also (by implication) a spot (concretely a leprous person or dress).
[is], his clothes 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
rent, 6533
{6533} Prime
פָּרַם
param
{paw-ram'}
A primitive root; to tear.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
and his head 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
bare, 6544
{6544} Prime
פָּרַע
para`
{paw-rah'}
A primitive root; to loosen; by implication to expose, dismiss; figuratively absolve, begin.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
and he shall put a covering 5844
{5844} Prime
עָטָה
`atah
{aw-taw'}
A primitive root; to wrap, that is, cover, veil, clothe or roll.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his upper lip, 8222
{8222} Prime
שָׂפָם
sapham
{saw-fawm'}
From H8193; the beard (as a lip piece).
and shall cry, 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Unclean, 2931
{2931} Prime
טָמֵא
tame'
{taw-may'}
From H2930; foul in a religious sense.
unclean. 2931
{2931} Prime
טָמֵא
tame'
{taw-may'}
From H2930; foul in a religious sense.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 13:45

_ _ the leper in whom the plague is, his clothes shall be rent, etc. — The person who was declared affected with the leprosy forthwith exhibited all the tokens of suffering from a heavy calamity. Rending garments and uncovering the head were common signs of mourning. As to “the putting a covering upon the upper lip,” that means either wearing a moustache, as the Hebrews used to shave the upper lip [Calmet], or simply keeping a hand over it. All these external marks of grief were intended to proclaim, in addition to his own exclamation “Unclean!” that the person was a leper, whose company every one must shun.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 13:38-46.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 13:45

His clothes shall be rent — In the upper and fore parts, which were most visible. This was done partly as a token of sorrow, because though this was not a sin, yet it was an effect of sin, and a sore punishment, whereby he was cut off both from converse with men, and from the enjoyment of God in his ordinances; partly as a warning to others to keep at a due distance from him wheresoever he came. And his head bare — Another sign of mourning. God would have men though not overwhelmed with, yet deeply sensible of his judgments. A covering on his upper lip — Partly as another badge of his sorrow and shame, and partly for the preservation of others from his breath or touch. Unclean, unclean — As begging the pity and prayers of others, and confessing his own infirmity, and cautioning those who came near him, to keep at a distance from him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 13:45

And the leper in whom the plague [is], his clothes shall be (m) rent, and his head bare, and he shall put a covering upon his upper (n) lip, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean.

(m) In sign of sorrow and lamentation.

(n) Either in token of mourning, or for fear of infecting others.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his clothes:

Genesis 37:29 And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph [was] not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
2 Samuel 13:19 And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that [was] on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.
Job 1:20 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped,
Jeremiah 3:25 We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covereth us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even unto this day, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.
Jeremiah 36:24 Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, [neither] the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.
Joel 2:13 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he [is] gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil.

and his head:

Leviticus 10:6 And Moses said unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons, Uncover not your heads, neither rend your clothes; lest ye die, and lest wrath come upon all the people: but let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the LORD hath kindled.
Leviticus 21:10 And [he that is] the high priest among his brethren, upon whose head the anointing oil was poured, and that is consecrated to put on the garments, shall not uncover his head, nor rend his clothes;

put:

Ezekiel 24:17 Forbear to cry, make no mourning for the dead, bind the tire of thine head upon thee, and put on thy shoes upon thy feet, and cover not [thy] lips, and eat not the bread of men.
Ezekiel 24:22 And ye shall do as I have done: ye shall not cover [your] lips, nor eat the bread of men.
Micah 3:7 Then shall the seers be ashamed, and the diviners confounded: yea, they shall all cover their lips; for [there is] no answer of God.

Unclean:

Job 42:6 Wherefore I abhor [myself], and repent in dust and ashes.
Psalms 51:3 For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin [is] ever before me.
Psalms 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
Isaiah 6:5 Then said I, Woe [is] me! for I am undone; because I [am] a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.
Isaiah 52:11 Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean [thing]; go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the LORD.
Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
Lamentations 4:15 They cried unto them, Depart ye; [it is] unclean; depart, depart, touch not: when they fled away and wandered, they said among the heathen, They shall no more sojourn [there].
Luke 5:8 When Simon Peter saw [it], he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord.
Luke 7:6-7 Then Jesus went with them. And when he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying unto him, Lord, trouble not thyself: for I am not worthy that thou shouldest enter under my roof: ... Wherefore neither thought I myself worthy to come unto thee: but say in a word, and my servant shall be healed.
Luke 17:12 And as he entered into a certain village, there met him ten men that were lepers, which stood afar off:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 37:29. Lv 10:6; 21:10. 2S 13:19. Jb 1:20; 42:6. Ps 51:3, 5. Is 6:5; 52:11; 64:6. Jr 3:25; 36:24. Lm 4:15. Ezk 24:17, 22. Jol 2:13. Mi 3:7. Lk 5:8; 7:6; 17:12.

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