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Leviticus 13:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when a man or a woman hath in the skin of the flesh bright spots, even white bright spots;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If a man also or a woman have in the skin of their flesh bright spots, [even] white bright spots;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “When a man or a woman has bright spots on the skin of the body, [even] white bright spots,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If a man also or a woman shall have in the skin of their flesh bright spots, [even] white bright spots;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if a man or a woman have in the skin of their flesh bright spots, white bright spots,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when either, man or woman, hath in the skin of their flesh, bright spots,—bright spots that are white,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And when a man or woman hath in the skin of their flesh bright spots, white bright spots,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If a whiteness appear in the skin of a man or a woman,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If a man also or a woman haue in the skinne of their flesh bright spots, [euen] white bright spots,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if a man or woman should have in the skin of their flesh spots of a bright whiteness,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If a man also or a woman have in the skin of their flesh bright spots, [even] white bright spots;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
also or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
a woman 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
have x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in the skin 5785
{5785} Prime
עוֹר
`owr
{ore}
From H5783; skin (as naked); by implication hide, leather.
of their flesh 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
bright spots, 934
{0934} Prime
בַּהֶרֶת
bohereth
{bo-heh'-reth}
Feminine active participle of the same as H0925; a whitish spot on the skin.
[even] white 3836
{3836} Prime
לָבָן
laban
{law-bawn'}
From H3835; white.
bright spots; 934
{0934} Prime
בַּהֶרֶת
bohereth
{bo-heh'-reth}
Feminine active participle of the same as H0925; a whitish spot on the skin.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 13:38-39

_ _ If a man ... or a woman have in the skin of their flesh bright spots — This modification of the leprosy is distinguished by a dull white color, and it is entirely a cutaneous disorder, never injuring the constitution. It is described as not penetrating below the skin of the flesh and as not rendering necessary an exclusion from society. It is evident, then, that this common form of leprosy is not contagious; otherwise Moses would have prescribed as strict a quarantine in this as in the other cases. And hereby we see the great superiority of the Mosaic law (which so accurately distinguished the characteristics of the leprosy and preserved to society the services of those who were laboring under the uncontagious forms of the disease) over the customs and regulations of Eastern countries in the present day, where all lepers are indiscriminately proscribed and are avoided as unfit for free intercourse with their fellow men.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Leviticus 13:38-46

_ _ We have here,

_ _ I. Provisos that neither a freckled skin nor a bald head should be mistaken for a leprosy, Leviticus 13:38-41. Every deformity must not forthwith be made a ceremonial defilement. Elisha was jeered for his bald head (2 Kings 2:23); but it was the children of Bethel, that knew not the judgments of their God, who turned it to his reproach.

_ _ II. A particular brand set upon the leprosy if at any time it did appear in a bald head: The plague is in his head, he is utterly unclean, Leviticus 13:44. If the leprosy of sin have seized the head, if the judgment be corrupted, and wicked principles which countenance and support wicked practices, be embraced, it is an utter uncleanness, from which few are ever cleansed. Soundness in the faith keeps the leprosy from the head, and saves conscience from being shipwrecked.

_ _ III. Directions what must be done with the convicted leper. When the priest, upon mature deliberation, had solemnly pronounced him unclean,

_ _ 1. He must pronounce himself so, Leviticus 13:45. He must put himself into the posture of a mourner and cry, Unclean, unclean. The leprosy was not itself a sin, but it was a sad token of God's displeasure and a sore affliction to him that was under it. It was a reproach to his name, put a full stop to his business in the world, cut him off from conversation with his friends and relations, condemned him to banishment till he was cleansed, shut him out from the sanctuary, and was, in effect, the ruin of all the comfort he could have in this world. Heman, it would seem, either was a leper or alludes to the melancholy condition of a leper, Psalms 88:8, etc. He must therefore, (1.) Humble himself under the mighty hand of God, not insisting upon his cleanness when the priest had pronounced him unclean, but justifying God and accepting the punishment of his iniquity. He must signify this by rending his clothes, uncovering his head, and covering his upper lip, all tokens of shame and confusion of face, and very significant of that self-loathing and self-abasement which should fill the hearts of penitents, the language of which is self-judging. Thus must we take to ourselves the shame that belongs to us, and with broken hearts call ourselves by our own name, Unclean, unclean — heart unclean, life unclean, unclean by original corruption, unclean by actual transgression — unclean, and therefore worthy to be for ever excluded from communion with God, and all hope of happiness in him. We are all as an unclean thing (Isaiah 64:6) — unclean, and therefore undone, if infinite mercy do not interpose. (2.) He must give warning to others to take heed of coming near him. Wherever he went, he must cry to those he saw at a distance, “I am unclean, unclean, take heed of touching me.” Not that the leprosy was catching, but by the touch of a leper ceremonial uncleanness was contracted. Every one therefore was concerned to avoid it; and the leper himself must give notice of the danger. And this was all that the law could do, in that it was weak through the flesh; it taught the leper to cry, Unclean, unclean, but the gospel has put another cry into the lepers' mouths, Luke 17:12, Luke 17:13, where we find ten lepers crying with a loud voice, Jesus, Master, have mercy on us. The law only shows us our disease; the gospel shows us our help in Christ.

_ _ 2. He must then be shut out of the camp, and afterwards, when they came to Canaan, out of the city, town, or village, where he lived, and dwell alone (Leviticus 13:46), associating with none but those that were lepers like himself. When king Uzziah became a leper, he was banished from his palace, and dwelt in a separate house, 2 Chronicles 26:21. And see 2 Kings 7:3. This typified the purity which ought to be preserved in the gospel church, by the solemn and authoritative exclusion of scandalous sinners, that hate to be reformed, from the communion of the faithful. Put away from among yourselves that wicked person, 1 Corinthians 5:13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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