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Leviticus 11:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the horned owl, and the pelican, and the vulture,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and the white owl and the pelican and the carrion vulture,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier-eagle,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the swan, and the pelican, and the carrion vulture,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and the swan and the vomiting pelican, and the little vulture;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the swan, and the bittern, and the porphyrion.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Swanne, and the Pellicane, and the Gier-eagle,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and the red-bill, and the pelican, and swan,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the swan, 8580
{8580} Prime
תִּנְשֶׁמֶת
tanshemeth
{tan-sheh'-meth}
From H5395; properly a hard breather, that is, the name of two unclean creatures, a lizard and a bird (both perhaps from changing color through their irascibility), probably the tree toad and the water hen.
and the pelican, 6893
{6893} Prime
קָאַת
qa'ath
{kaw-ath'}
From H6958; probably the pelican (from vomiting).
and the gier eagle, 7360
{7360} Prime
רָחָם
racham
{raw-khawm'}
From H7355; a kind of vulture (supposed to be tender towards its young).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 11:13-19.


Leviticus 11:18

_ _ the swan — found in great numbers in all the countries of the Levant. It frequents marshy places — the vicinity of rivers and lakes. It was held sacred by the Egyptians, and kept tame within the precincts of heathen temples. It was probably on this account chiefly that its use as food was prohibited. Michaelis considers it the goose.

_ _ the pelican — remarkable for the bag or pouch under its lower jaw which serves not only as a net to catch, but also as a receptacle of food. It is solitary in its habits and, like other large aquatic birds, often flies to a great distance from its favorite haunts.

_ _ the gier eagle — Being here associated with waterfowl, it has been questioned whether any species of eagle is referred to. Some think, as the original name racham denotes “tenderness,” “affection,” the halcyon or kingfisher is intended [Calmet]. Others think that it is the bird now called the rachami, a kind of Egyptian vulture, abundant in the streets of Cairo and popularly called “Pharaoh’s fowl.” It is white in color, in size like a raven, and feeds on carrion; it is one of the foulest and filthiest birds in the world. [See on Deuteronomy 14:17.]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 11:9-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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