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Leviticus 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if his oblation be of the flock, of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt-offering; he shall offer it a male without blemish.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if his offering [be] of the flocks, [namely], of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall bring it a male without blemish.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘But if his offering is from the flock, of the sheep or of the goats, for a burnt offering, he shall offer it a male without defect.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if his offering [be] of the flocks, [namely], of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt-sacrifice; he shall bring it a male without blemish.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And if his offering be of the flock, of the sheep or of the goats, for a burnt-offering, he shall present it a male without blemish.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, if, of the flock, be his oblation,—of the sheep or of the goats, for an ascending-sacrifice, a male without defect, shall he bring near.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And if his offering [is] out of the flock—out of the sheep or out of the goats—for a burnt-offering, a male, a perfect one, he doth bring near,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if the offering be of the flocks, a holocaust of sheep or of goats, he shall offer a male without blemish.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if his offring be of the flocks, [namely] of the sheepe, or of the goates for a burnt sacrifice, he shall bring it a male without blemish.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if his gift [be] of the sheep to the Lord, or of the lambs, or of the kids for whole-burnt-offerings, he shall bring it a male without blemish.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if his offering [be] of the flocks, [namely], of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall bring it a male without blemish.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x518
(0518) Complement
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
his offering 7133
{7133} Prime
From H7126; something brought near the altar, that is, a sacrificial present.
[be] of x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the flocks, 6629
{6629} Prime
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
[namely], of x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the sheep, 3775
{3775} Prime
Apparently by transposition for H3532; a young sheep.
or x176
(0176) Complement
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
of x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the goats, 5795
{5795} Prime
From H5810; a she goat (as strong), but masculine in plural (which also is used elliptically for goats' hair).
for a burnt sacrifice; 5930
{5930} Prime
Feminine active participle of H5927; a step or (collectively stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke).
he shall bring 7126
{7126} Prime
A primitive root; to approach (causatively bring near) for whatever purpose.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
it a male 2145
{2145} Prime
From H2142; properly remembered, that is, a male (of man or animals, as being the most noteworthy sex).
without blemish. 8549
{8549} Prime
From H8552; entire (literally, figuratively or morally); also (as noun) integrity, truth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 1:10-13

_ _ if his offering be of the flocks — Those who could not afford the expense of a bullock might offer a ram or a he-goat, and the same ceremonies were to be observed in the act of offering.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Leviticus 1:10-17

_ _ Here we have the laws concerning the burnt-offerings, which were of the flock or of the fowls. Those of the middle rank, that could not well afford to offer a bullock, would bring a sheep or a goat; and those that were not able to do that should be accepted of God if they brought a turtle-dove or a pigeon. For God, in his law and in his gospel, as well as in his providence, considers the poor. It is observable that those creatures were chosen for sacrifice which were most mild and gentle, harmless and inoffensive, to typify the innocence and meekness that were in Christ, and to teach the innocence and meekness that should be in Christians. Directions are here given, 1. Concerning the burnt-offerings of the flock, Leviticus 1:10. The method of managing these is much the same with that of the bullocks; only it is ordered here that the sacrifice should be killed on the side of the altar northward, which, though mentioned here only, was probably to be observed concerning the former, and other sacrifices. Perhaps on that side of the altar there was the largest vacant space, and room for the priests to turn them in. It was of old observed that fair weather comes out of the north, and that the north wind drives away rain; and by these sacrifices the storms of God's wrath are scattered, and the light of God's countenance is obtained, which is more pleasant than the brightest fairest weather. 2. Concerning those of the fowls. They must be either turtle-doves (and, if so, “they must be old turtles,” say the Jews), or pigeons, and, if so, they must be young pigeons. What was most acceptable at men's tables must be brought to God's altar. In the offering of these fowls, (1.) The head must be wrung off, “quite off,” say some; others think only pinched, so as to kill the bird, and yet leave the head hanging to the body. But it seems more likely that it was to be quite separated, for it was to be burnt first. (2.) The blood was to be wrung out at the side of the altar. (3.) The garbages with the feathers were to be thrown by upon the dunghill. (4.) The body was to be opened, sprinkled with salt, and then burnt upon the altar. “This sacrifice of birds,” the Jews say, “was one of the most difficult services the priests had to do,” to teach those that minister in holy things to be as solicitous for the salvation of the poor as for that of the rich, and that the services of the poor are as acceptable to God, if they come from an upright heart, as the services of the rich, for he accepts according to what a man hath, and not according to what he hath not, 2 Corinthians 8:12. The poor man's turtle-doves, or young pigeons, are here said to be an offering of a sweet-smelling savour, as much as that of an ox or bullock that hath horns or hoofs. Yet, after all, to love God with all our heart, and to love our neighbour as ourselves, is better than all burnt-offerings and sacrifices, Mark 12:33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of the flocks:

Leviticus 1:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, [even] of the herd, and of the flock.
Genesis 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:
Genesis 8:20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
Isaiah 53:6-7 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. ... He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

a burnt sacrifice:
Olah, a burnt offering, from âlah, to ascend, because this offering ascended, as it were, to God in flame and smoke, being wholly consumed; for which reason its is called in the Septuagint, ολοκαυτωμα, a whole burnt offering. This was the most important of all the sacrifices; and no part of it was eaten either by the priest or the offerer, but the whole was offered to God. It has been sufficiently shown by learned men, that almost every nation of the earth, in every age, had their burnt offerings, from the persuasion that there was no other way to appease the incensed gods; and they even offered human sacrifices, because they imagined that life was necessary to redeem life, and that the gods would be satisfied with nothing less.

a male:

Leviticus 1:3 If his offering [be] a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.
Leviticus 4:23 Or if his sin, wherein he hath sinned, come to his knowledge; he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a male without blemish:
Leviticus 22:19 [Ye shall offer] at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats.
Malachi 1:14 But cursed [be] the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I [am] a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name [is] dreadful among the heathen.
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Gn 4:4; 8:20. Lv 1:2, 3; 4:23; 22:19. Is 53:6. Mal 1:14. Jn 1:29.

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