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Lamentations 5:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The young men bare the mill; And the children stumbled under the wood.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They took the young men to grind, and the children fell under the wood.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Young men worked at the grinding mill, And youths stumbled under [loads] of wood.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They took the young men to grind, and the children fell under the wood.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The young men have borne the mill, and the youths have stumbled under the wood.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Young men, a millstone, have lifted, and, youths, under wood, have staggered.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Young men to grind they have taken, And youths with wood have stumbled.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They abused the young men indecently: and the children fell under the wood.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They tooke the young men to grinde, and the children fell vnder the wood.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The chosen men lifted up [the voice in] weeping, and the youths fainted under the wood.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They took the young men to grind, and the children fell under the wood.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They took 5375
{5375} Prime
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the young men 970
{0970} Prime
Participle passive of H0977; properly selected, that is, a youth (often collectively).
to grind, 2911
{2911} Prime
From H2912; a hand mill; hence a millstone.
and the children 5288
{5288} Prime
From H5287; (concretely) a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication a servant; also (by interchange of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age).
fell 3782
{3782} Prime
A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication to falter, stumble, faint or fall.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
under the wood. 6086
{6086} Prime
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Lamentations 5:13

_ _ young men ... grind — The work of the lowest female slave was laid on young men (Judges 16:21; Job 31:10).

_ _ children fell under ... wood — Mere children had to bear burdens of wood so heavy that they sank beneath them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Lamentations 5:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Lamentations 5:13

Fell — Not being able to stand under the burdens laid upon them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Lamentations 5:13

They took the young men to grind, and the children fell under (g) the wood.

(g) Their slavery was so great, that they were not able to abide it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the young:

Exodus 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that [is] behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.
Judges 16:21 But the Philistines took him, and put out his eyes, and brought him down to Gaza, and bound him with fetters of brass; and he did grind in the prison house.
Job 31:10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.
Isaiah 47:2 Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers.


Exodus 1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Exodus 2:11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.
Exodus 23:5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.
Nehemiah 5:1-5 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brethren the Jews. ... Yet now our flesh [is] as the flesh of our brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and [some] of our daughters are brought unto bondage [already]: neither [is it] in our power [to redeem them]; for other men have our lands and vineyards.
Isaiah 58:6 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
Matthew 23:4 For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay [them] on men's shoulders; but they [themselves] will not move them with one of their fingers.
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Ex 1:11; 2:11; 11:5; 23:5. Jg 16:21. Ne 5:1. Jb 31:10. Is 47:2; 58:6. Mt 23:4.

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