Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Lamentations 3:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Why should [any] living mortal, or [any] man, Offer complaint in view of his sins?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Why doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Why should a living son of earth complain, [Let] a man [complain] because of his sins?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— What—sigh habitually doth a living man, A man for his sin?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Mem. Why hath a living man murmured, man suffering for his sins?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore doeth a liuing man complaine, a man for the punishment of his sinnes?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— MEM. Why should a living man complain, a man concerning his sin?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore x4100
(4100) Complement
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
doth a living 2416
{2416} Prime
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
man 120
{0120} Prime
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
complain, 596
{0596} Prime
A primitive root; to mourn, that is, complain.
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
a man 1397
{1397} Prime
From H1396; properly a valiant man or warrior; generally a person simply.
for x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the punishment of his sins? 2399
{2399} Prime
From H2398; a crime or its penalty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Lamentations 3:37-39.

Lamentations 3:39

_ _ living — and so having a time yet given him by God for repentance. If sin were punished as it deserves, life itself would be forfeited by the sinner. “Complaining” (murmuring) ill becomes him who enjoys such a favor as life (Proverbs 19:3).

_ _ for the punishment of his sins — Instead of blaming God for his sufferings, he ought to recognize in them God’s righteousness and the just rewards of his own sin.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Lamentations 3:37-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Lamentations 3:39

Wherefore — The Jews, check themselves in their complaints from the consideration, that nothing had befallen them, but what was the just reward of their sins.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Lamentations 3:39

Why doth a living (t) man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

(t) When God afflicts him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Lamentations 3:22 [It is of] the LORD'S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.
Numbers 11:11 And Moses said unto the LORD, Wherefore hast thou afflicted thy servant? and wherefore have I not found favour in thy sight, that thou layest the burden of all this people upon me?
Proverbs 19:3 The foolishness of man perverteth his way: and his heart fretteth against the LORD.
Isaiah 38:17-19 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul [delivered it] from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back. ... The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I [do] this day: the father to the children shall make known thy truth.

or, murmur

a man:

Genesis 4:5-7 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. ... If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee [shall be] his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
Genesis 4:13-14 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment [is] greater than I can bear. ... Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, [that] every one that findeth me shall slay me.
Leviticus 26:41 And [that] I also have walked contrary unto them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity:
Leviticus 26:43 The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.
Numbers 16:41 But on the morrow all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron, saying, Ye have killed the people of the LORD.
Numbers 17:12 And the children of Israel spake unto Moses, saying, Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish.
Joshua 7:6-13 And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face before the ark of the LORD until the eventide, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads. ... Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanctify yourselves against to morrow: for thus saith the LORD God of Israel, [There is] an accursed thing in the midst of thee, O Israel: thou canst not stand before thine enemies, until ye take away the accursed thing from among you.
2 Samuel 6:7-8 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for [his] error; and there he died by the ark of God. ... And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.
2 Kings 3:13 And Elisha said unto the king of Israel, What have I to do with thee? get thee to the prophets of thy father, and to the prophets of thy mother. And the king of Israel said unto him, Nay: for the LORD hath called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Moab.
2 Kings 6:32 But Elisha sat in his house, and the elders sat with him; and [the king] sent a man from before him: but ere the messenger came to him, he said to the elders, See ye how this son of a murderer hath sent to take away mine head? look, when the messenger cometh, shut the door, and hold him fast at the door: [is] not the sound of his master's feet behind him?
Ezra 9:13 And after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for our great trespass, seeing that thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities [deserve], and hast given us [such] deliverance as this;
Job 11:6 And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom, that [they are] double to that which is! Know therefore that God exacteth of thee [less] than thine iniquity [deserveth].
Isaiah 51:20 Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD, the rebuke of thy God.
Jonah 2:3-4 For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy billows and thy waves passed over me. ... Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again toward thy holy temple.
Jonah 4:8-9 And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, [It is] better for me to die than to live. ... And God said to Jonah, Doest thou well to be angry for the gourd? And he said, I do well to be angry, [even] unto death.
Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me: he will bring me forth to the light, [and] I shall behold his righteousness.
Hebrews 12:5-12 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: ... Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees;
Revelation 16:9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes

Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:5, 13. Lv 26:41, 43. Nu 11:11; 16:41; 17:12. Jsh 7:6. 2S 6:7. 2K 3:13; 6:32. Ezr 9:13. Jb 11:6. Pv 19:3. Is 38:17; 51:20. Lm 3:22. Jna 2:3; 4:8. Mi 7:9. He 12:5. Rv 16:9.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Lamentations 3:39.

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Lamentations 3:39

Recent Chat Bible Comments