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Lamentations 2:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All thine enemies have opened their mouth wide against thee; They hiss and gnash the teeth; they say, We have swallowed her up; Certainly this is the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All thine enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed [her] up: certainly this [is] the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen [it].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— All your enemies Have opened their mouths wide against you; They hiss and gnash [their] teeth. They say, “We have swallowed [her] up! Surely this is the day for which we waited; We have reached [it], we have seen [it].”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All thy enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed [her] up: certainly this [is] the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen [it].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All thine enemies open their mouth against thee, they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed [her] up; this is forsooth the day that we looked for: we have found, we have seen [it].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All thy foes, have opened wide, over thee their mouth, They have hissed, and gnashed their teeth, They have said—We have swallowed [her] up! Surely, this, is the day for which we have waited, We have found! We have seen!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Opened against thee their mouth have all thine enemies, They have hissed, yea, they gnash the teeth, They have said: 'We have swallowed [her] up, Surely this [is] the day that we looked for, We have found—we have seen.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Phe. All thy enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they have hissed, and gnashed with the teeth, and have said: We will swallow her up: lo, this is the day which we looked for: we have found it, we have seen it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All thine enemies haue opened their mouth against thee: they hisse and gnash the teeth: they say, We haue swallowed [her] vp: certainly this [is] the day that we looked for: we haue found, we haue seene [it].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— AIN. All thine enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they have hissed and gnashed their teeth, and said, We have swallowed her up: moreover this is the day which we looked for; we have found it, we have seen it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— All thine enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed [her] up: certainly this [is] the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen [it].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
thine enemies 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
have opened 6475
{6475} Prime
פָּצָה
patsah
{paw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to rend, that is, open (especially the mouth).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
their mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thee: they hiss 8319
{8319} Prime
שָׁרַק
sharaq
{shaw-rak'}
A primitive root; properly to be shrill, that is, to whistle or hiss (as a call or in scorn).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and gnash 2786
{2786} Prime
חָרַק
charaq
{khaw-rak'}
A primitive root; to grate the teeth.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the teeth: 8127
{8127} Prime
שֵׁן
shen
{shane}
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
they say, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
We have swallowed [her] up: 1104
{1104} Prime
בּלע
bala`
{beh'-lah}
A primitive root; to make away with (specifically by swallowing); generally to destroy.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
certainly 389
{0389} Prime
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
[is] the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
that we looked for; 6960
{6960} Prime
קָוָה
qavah
{kaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; to bind together (perhaps by twisting), that is, collect; (figuratively) to expect.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
we have found, 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
we have seen 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[it].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Lamentations 2:16-17

Pe

_ _ For the transposition of Hebrew letters (Pe and Ain, Lamentations 2:16, Lamentations 2:17) in the order of verses, see on Introduction.

_ _ opened ... mouth — as ravening, roaring wild beasts (Job 16:9, Job 16:10; Psalms 22:13). Herein Jerusalem was a type of Messiah.

_ _ gnash ... teeth — in vindictive malice.

_ _ we have seen it — (Psalms 35:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Lamentations 2:10-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thine:

Lamentations 3:46 All our enemies have opened their mouths against us.
Job 16:9-10 He teareth [me] in his wrath, who hateth me: he gnasheth upon me with his teeth; mine enemy sharpeneth his eyes upon me. ... They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.
Psalms 22:13 They gaped upon me [with] their mouths, [as] a ravening and a roaring lion.
Psalms 35:21 Yea, they opened their mouth wide against me, [and] said, Aha, aha, our eye hath seen [it].
Psalms 109:2 For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened against me: they have spoken against me with a lying tongue.

gnash:

Psalms 35:16 With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth.
Psalms 37:12 The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.
Psalms 112:10 The wicked shall see [it], and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.
Acts 7:54 When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with [their] teeth.

We have swallowed:

Psalms 56:2 Mine enemies would daily swallow [me] up: for [they be] many that fight against me, O thou most High.
Psalms 57:3 He shall send from heaven, and save me [from] the reproach of him that would swallow me up. Selah. God shall send forth his mercy and his truth.
Psalms 124:3 Then they had swallowed us up quick, when their wrath was kindled against us:
Isaiah 49:19 For thy waste and thy desolate places, and the land of thy destruction, shall even now be too narrow by reason of the inhabitants, and they that swallowed thee up shall be far away.
Jeremiah 50:7 All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the hope of their fathers.
Jeremiah 50:17 Israel [is] a scattered sheep; the lions have driven [him] away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones.
Jeremiah 51:34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.
Ezekiel 25:3 And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity;
Ezekiel 25:6 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast clapped [thine] hands, and stamped with the feet, and rejoiced in heart with all thy despite against the land of Israel;
Ezekiel 25:15 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with a despiteful heart, to destroy [it] for the old hatred;
Ezekiel 36:3 Therefore prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because they have made [you] desolate, and swallowed you up on every side, that ye might be a possession unto the residue of the heathen, and ye are taken up in the lips of talkers, and [are] an infamy of the people:
Hosea 8:8 Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein [is] no pleasure.
Zephaniah 2:8-10 I have heard the reproach of Moab, and the revilings of the children of Ammon, whereby they have reproached my people, and magnified [themselves] against their border. ... This shall they have for their pride, because they have reproached and magnified [themselves] against the people of the LORD of hosts.

we have seen:

Psalms 35:21 Yea, they opened their mouth wide against me, [and] said, Aha, aha, our eye hath seen [it].
Psalms 41:8 An evil disease, [say they], cleaveth fast unto him: and [now] that he lieth he shall rise up no more.
Obadiah 1:12-16 But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress. ... For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, [so] shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 16:9. Ps 22:13; 35:16, 21; 37:12; 41:8; 56:2; 57:3; 109:2; 112:10; 124:3. Is 49:19. Jr 50:7, 17; 51:34. Lm 3:46. Ezk 25:3, 6, 15; 36:3. Ho 8:8. Ob 1:12. Zp 2:8. Ac 7:54.

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