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Lamentations 1:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All her people sigh, they seek bread; They have given their pleasant things for food to refresh the soul: See, O Jehovah, and behold; for I am become abject.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for meat to relieve the soul: see, O LORD, and consider; for I am become vile.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— All her people groan seeking bread; They have given their precious things for food To restore their lives themselves. “See, O LORD, and look, For I am despised.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for food to relieve the soul: see, O LORD, and consider; for I am become vile.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their precious things for food to revive [their] soul. See, Jehovah, and consider, for I am become vile.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All her people, are sighing, seeking bread, They have given their precious things for food, to bring back life,—Behold, O Yahweh, and discern, that I have become worthless.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— All her people are sighing—seeking bread, They have given their desirable things For food to refresh the body; See, O Jehovah, and behold attentively, For I have been lightly esteemed.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Caph. All her people sigh, they seek bread: they have given all their precious things for food to relieve the soul: see, O Lord, and consider, for I am become vile.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All her people sigh, they seek bread, they haue giuen their pleasant things for meate to relieue the soule: see, O LORD, & consider: for I am become vile.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— CHAPH. All her people groan, seeking bread: they have given their desirable things for meat, to restore their soul: behold, Lord, and look; for she is become dishonoured.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for meat to relieve the soul: see, O Yahweh, and consider; for I am become vile.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
her people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
sigh, 584
{0584} Prime
אָנַח
'anach
{aw-nakh'}
A primitive root; to sigh.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
they seek 1245
{1245} Prime
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
bread; 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
they have given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
their pleasant things 4262
{4262} Prime
מַחֲמֻד
machmud
{makh-mood'}
From H2530; desired; hence a valuable.
y4261
[4261] Standard
מַחְמָד
machmad
{makh-mawd'}
From H2530; delightful; hence a delight, that is, object of affection or desire.
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
for meat 400
{0400} Prime
אֹכֶל
'okel
{o'-kel}
From H0398; food.
to relieve 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
the soul: 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
see, 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
O Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and consider; 5027
{5027} Prime
נָבַט
nabat
{naw-bat'}
A primitive root; to scan, that is, look intently at; by implication to regard with pleasure, favor or care.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I am become x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
vile. 2151
{2151} Prime
זָלַל
zalal
{zaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2107); to shake (as in the wind), that is, to quake; figuratively to be loose morally, worthless or prodigal.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Lamentations 1:11

Caph

_ _ (Jeremiah 37:21; Jeremiah 38:9; Jeremiah 52:6).

_ _ given ... pleasant things for meat — (2 Kings 6:25; Job 2:4).

_ _ relieve ... soul — literally, “to cause the soul or life to return.”

_ _ for I am become vile — Her sins and consequent sorrows are made the plea in craving God’s mercy. Compare the like plea in Psalms 25:11.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Lamentations 1:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Lamentations 1:11

Bread — Even in a land that ordinarily flowed with milk and honey, they were at a loss for bread to eat. Given — And gave any thing for something to satisfy their hunger. Vile — Miserable or contemptible.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
seek:

Lamentations 1:19 I called for my lovers, [but] they deceived me: my priests and mine elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls.
Lamentations 2:12 They say to their mothers, Where [is] corn and wine? when they swooned as the wounded in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom.
Lamentations 4:4-10 The tongue of the sucking child cleaveth to the roof of his mouth for thirst: the young children ask bread, [and] no man breaketh [it] unto them. ... The hands of the pitiful women have sodden their own children: they were their meat in the destruction of the daughter of my people.
Deuteronomy 28:52-57 And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee. ... And toward her young one that cometh out from between her feet, and toward her children which she shall bear: for she shall eat them for want of all [things] secretly in the siege and straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall distress thee in thy gates.
2 Kings 6:25 And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was [sold] for fourscore [pieces] of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of dove's dung for five [pieces] of silver.
Jeremiah 19:9 And I will cause them to eat the flesh of their sons and the flesh of their daughters, and they shall eat every one the flesh of his friend in the siege and straitness, wherewith their enemies, and they that seek their lives, shall straiten them.
Jeremiah 38:9 My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the dungeon; and he is like to die for hunger in the place where he is: for [there is] no more bread in the city.
Jeremiah 52:6 And in the fourth month, in the ninth [day] of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.
Ezekiel 4:15-17 Then he said unto me, Lo, I have given thee cow's dung for man's dung, and thou shalt prepare thy bread therewith. ... That they may want bread and water, and be astonied one with another, and consume away for their iniquity.
Ezekiel 5:16-17 When I shall send upon them the evil arrows of famine, which shall be for [their] destruction, [and] which I will send to destroy you: and I will increase the famine upon you, and will break your staff of bread: ... So will I send upon you famine and evil beasts, and they shall bereave thee; and pestilence and blood shall pass through thee; and I will bring the sword upon thee. I the LORD have spoken [it].

relieve the soul:
Heb. make the soul to come again,
1 Samuel 30:11-12 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; ... And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk [any] water, three days and three nights.

see:

Lamentations 1:9 Her filthiness [is] in her skirts; she remembereth not her last end; therefore she came down wonderfully: she had no comforter. O LORD, behold my affliction: for the enemy hath magnified [himself].
Lamentations 1:20 Behold, O LORD; for I [am] in distress: my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled: abroad the sword bereaveth, at home [there is] as death.
Lamentations 2:20 Behold, O LORD, and consider to whom thou hast done this. Shall the women eat their fruit, [and] children of a span long? shall the priest and the prophet be slain in the sanctuary of the Lord?
Job 40:4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.
Psalms 25:15-19 Mine eyes [are] ever toward the LORD; for he shall pluck my feet out of the net. ... Consider mine enemies; for they are many; and they hate me with cruel hatred.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:52. 1S 30:11. 2K 6:25. Jb 40:4. Ps 25:15. Jr 19:9; 38:9; 52:6. Lm 1:9, 19, 20; 2:12, 20; 4:4. Ezk 4:15; 5:16.

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