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Judges 9:57 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and all the wickedness of the men of Shechem did God requite upon their heads: and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And all the evil of the men of Shechem did God render upon their heads: and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Also God returned all the wickedness of the men of Shechem on their heads, and the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal came upon them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And all the evil of the men of Shechem did God render upon their heads: and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And all the evil of the men of Shechem did God render back upon their heads; and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— all the wickedness also, of the men of Shechem, did God requite upon their own head,—and so brought in upon, them the curse of Jotham, son of Jerubbaal.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and all the evil of the men of Shechem hath God turned back on their head, and come unto them doth the cursing of Jotham son of Jerubbaal.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Sichemites also were rewarded for what they had done, and the curse of Joatham, the son of Jerobaal, came upon them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And all the euill of the men of Shechem, did God render vpon their heads: and vpon them came the curse of Iotham the sonne of Ierubbaal.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all the wickedness of the men of Shechem{gr.Sychem} God requited upon their head; and the curse of Jotham{gr.Joatham} the son of Jerubbaal{gr.Jerobaal} came upon them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And all the evil of the men of Shekhem did Elohim render upon their heads: and upon them came the curse of Yotham the son of Yerubbaal.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
of the men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of em שְׁכֶם 7927
{7927} Prime
שְׁכֶם
Sh@kem
{shek-em'}
The same as H7926; ridge; Shekem, a place in Palestine.
did lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
render 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
upon their heads: 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
and upon x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
them came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the curse 7045
{7045} Prime
קְלָלָה
q@lalah
{kel-aw-law'}
From H7043; vilification.
of Ym יוֹתָם 3147
{3147} Prime
יוֹתָם
Yowtham
{yo-thawm'}
From H3068 and H8535; Jehovah (is) perfect; Jotham, the name of three Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yrubba`al יְרֻבַּעַל. 3378
{3378} Prime
יְרֻבַּעַל
Y@rubba`al
{yer-oob-bah'-al}
From H7378 and H1168; Baal will contend; Jerubbaal, a symbolical name of Gideon.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Judges 9:50-57.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Judges 9:57

Render upon their heads — Thus God preserved the honour of his government, and gave warning to all ages, to expect blood for blood.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Judges 9:57

And all the evil of the men of Shechem did God render upon their heads: and upon them came the (f) curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal.

(f) For making a tyrant their king.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
upon them:

Judges 9:20 But if not, let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour the men of Shechem, and the house of Millo; and let fire come out from the men of Shechem, and from the house of Millo, and devour Abimelech.
Judges 9:45 And Abimelech fought against the city all that day; and he took the city, and slew the people that [was] therein, and beat down the city, and sowed it with salt.
Joshua 6:26 And Joshua adjured [them] at that time, saying, Cursed [be] the man before the LORD, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho: he shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest [son] shall he set up the gates of it.
1 Kings 16:34 In his days did Hiel the Bethelite build Jericho: he laid the foundation thereof in Abiram his firstborn, and set up the gates thereof in his youngest [son] Segub, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by Joshua the son of Nun.
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Jsh 6:26. Jg 9:20, 45. 1K 16:34.

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